On the 'ead son!
By Tim Dexter-Oracle on May 22, 2008
An oft used term from my football (Americans read 'soccer') coach back when I was knee high to a grasshopper and we were doing 'header' practice. You dont need those brain cells just launch yourself at a football and get it in the net (goal) - there was a knack to not getting a blinding headache - my method, just avoid heading the ball altogether, just chest it down and volley it into the goal - I was that good, honest! OK, may be not that good and what the hell am I talking about I hear you ask?
Headers ... and footers for that matter in your templates! I was on a call yesterday with a JDE customer that has been implementing BIP and has been struggling with the headers in their templates. We have a command available in the templates, start|end body its a way to get headers and footers into your template without the need for the Word versions. The customer was using them and experiencing problems, now the command has its place but I have never needed it in all the templates I have built and I have built a few. The comment came up that its tough to work with Word headers and footers - this stemmed from the fact that Word does not let you put their Formfields in the header or footer areas. There are ways and means to get around this that the customer was not aware of ... I thought I'd share a couple of those with you readers out there.
So, no formfields allowed in the header or footer but you can put the clear text command in those regions. By that I mean the contents of the formfield e.g. <?CUSTOMER_NAME?>. I can therefore put as much as I want in the header/footer thus:
All well and good but not good looking and maybe a little intimidating to the business user who asked of IT,
'Hey, I want to have the currency code column to appear after the invoice amount in that table'
to which the IT dept replied,
'You got MSWord on your desktop?'
'Heres the template, get on with it!'
OK, maybe a little blunt but you get the idea. On a side note we are seeing the 'business' getting more and more involved in building layouts. Instead of it being a pure IT nightmare trying to keep everyone happy the business has the tools (MSWord) to make the changes they want. We now have a customer that has gone the whole way and the business is completely responsible for building, mainitaing and enhancing templates for their users - making for one very happy IT department!
Getting back on track, there is an alternative to the raw commands in the header you can create, a little confusingly a 'template' in your template - think of it as a function that will render output for you when called.
Notice the layout is created in the body of the main template and wrapped in <?template:XXXX?> commands - we then call that from the MSWord header of the template - simple stuff. Samples files here.
Now, you can get more sophisticated and completely externalize the header template into a separate RTF template and use it as a 'sub-template' - now you can share the header across multiple templates by just calling it. You can even pass parameters into the 'header' template, say the 'report title' - I have talked about that a little in this blogs second ever post back in 2006