Mr. Robert P. J. Cooney, Jr. came to Sun Microsystems today to talk
to the Women@Sun group about the triumphant women's suffrage movement
in the United States that took more than 60 years to gain success.
Sixty years! Just for women to get the right to vote!  Mr. Cooney
became interested in this movement in the 1970s when attending school
to become a graphic artist, when he realized the large prejudice that
women needed to overcome and that they were able to do this in a
This was such a difficult task, as the women
had to convince men that not only were women prepared to vote, but that
women were educated and informed. Only men could decide whether or not
to grant women the right to vote, and many of these men were ignorant,
uneducated and even illiterate. A difficult task at hand, indeed!
Suffragists started with parades in different states to raise awareness
of their concerns, along with organizing peaceful rallies. Getting
women to join in these events was difficult, as many were afraid that
their participation would be seen as too forward by the men and scare
the men off of giving them the vote even more, but the suffragists knew
they could not be silent. They need to be seen to be heard.
US Supreme Court had ruled that it was an issue that should be decided
by the states, so the women had to levy campaigns in each and every
state, a very arduous process indeed! These campaigns were most
successful in the progressive west. East of the Mississippi, the only
suffrage many women could get was the ability to vote only for school
boards and other small, local positions.
Susan B. Anthony
strongly believed it was really a federal issue, and began the push for
a federal amendment to the US Constitution. Unfortunately, she died
before seeing this come to pass, after 45 years of tireless effort on
her part. Fortunately, there were other women ready to take up the
task at hand and push the movement forward, even in times of war.
women found they were ignored by both major political parties, so their
took their parades to the democratic and republican conventions. At one
of them, the women actually had a silent, still "parade" - where they
all wore white with golden jewelry and parasols and lined the street
and stood silently while the delegates were participating in their own
march down that same street. The eerie silence had great impact on
those delegates, bringing the rights of women to the forefront of their
When the suffragists were not getting momentum
they wanted at the national level, they began to leverage their vote in
the western states to oust seated national politicians, targeting, in
particular, the democratic party. I find this an interesting historic
note, as the democrat party is now associated with women's rights, but
apparently the turn of the 19th century told a different story.
Mr. Cooney has documented this in his book, Winning the Vote: The Triumph of the American Woman Suffrage Movement,
is filled with outstanding images of the buttons and posters the
suffragists made, as well as pictures of the rallies and events and
documentation of the cruel treatment several women received for
protesting peacefully outside of the White House during World War I.
Cooney is an eloquent speaker and I really look forward to reading his
book in the up coming weeks, but all of this reminds me that all over
the world today, women still do not have the right to vote and have
themselves represented. It's so disturbing to me, because it seems like
such an inalienable right. How can we be citizens and pay taxes and not
vote? But, if it took more than 60 years to make such thing a
documented right in a progressive country like our own, it may be many
more lifetimes before women the world over have these same freedoms and
the same voice. Let's hope it comes sooner than later, for all of our
 As pointed out during the Q&A session, not all
women gained the right to vote in all states in 1920. For many women
of color, particularly those that lived in the south, that quest took
another 40 years, where they had to fight along side their brothers and
fathers to get the same equal representation.