Tuesday Mar 25, 2014

Learn More About Performance Improvements in JDK 8

Each release of the JDK includes enhancements that improves the performance of the Java platform. The following describes some of these enhancements in JDK 8:

  • The concurrent libraries have undergone a major revision to improve scalability. See Concurrency Utilities Enhancements in Java SE 8.
  • Tiered Compilation, which was introduced in JDK 7, has been enabled by default and brings server VM startup speeds close to or on par with the client VM. For details on how to control the compiler, see the documentation for the java command.
  • Permament generation, where the VM stored internal native data structures, such as class information, has been replaced with metaspace. Metaspace eliminates java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: PermGen space errors. The java command introduces the option -XX:MetaspaceSize, which sets the maximum amount of native memory that can be allocated for class metadata. By default, the size is not limited. In addition, the experimental option -Xshare has been introduced, which reduces footprint and startup time by sharing loaded JDK classes between all Java processes on the same host.
  • The Nashorn JavaScript engine dramatically improves upon the performance of the JDK 7 JavaScript engine.
  • The new language feature Lambda expressions performs better than inner classes.
  • The performance of JavaFX has been improved in JDK 8.

See the Java 8 Launch Webcast and What's New in JDK 8 for additional information of other new features in JDK 8.

Download JDK 8 today and try it out!

Learn More About New Features in Java SE 8

Java SE 8 introduces significant enhancements to the Java language and class libraries. These enhancements enable you to make code more concise without losing readability; write more reliable code; better utilize multi-core and multi-processor systems (code is no longer inherently serial or parallel); and detect more errors at compile time, rather than at run time.

See What's New in JDK 8 and JDK 8 Adoption Guide for more detailed information on these new features and how to adopt them.

Learn more about these features with the following links from Java SE 8 Technical Documentation:

  • Java Language Enhancements
    • Lambda Expressions enable you to treat functionality as a method argument, or code as data. They are similar to closures and provide more concise anonymous function types and a more functional style of programming.
    • Default Methods (or Extension Methods) provide a mechanism to add new methods to existing interfaces.
    • Type Annotations provide the ability to apply an annotation anywhere a type is used, not just on a declaration.
    • Improved Type Inference enables the Java compiler to takes advantage of target typing to infer the type parameters of a generic method invocation. The target type of an expression is the data type that the Java compiler expects depending on where the expression appears.
    • Obtaining Names of Method Parameters shows you how to retrieve parameter names of methods and constructors (not just types and return types) by reflection.
  • Core Libraries Enhancements
  • Java Virtual Machine Enhancements
    • Nashorn is a lightweight, high-performance JavaScript engine, which is integrated into the JRE.
    • java command lists deprecated and removed options as a result of the retirement of rarely used garbage collection combinations and the removal of permanent generation

Simon Ritter has presented the screencast New Features in Java SE 8: A Developer's Guide during the Java 8 Launch Webcast, which discusses these features.

Download JDK 8 today and try it out!

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