BTrace in the real world

In the last few weeks, I came to know about two cases of real world use of BTrace.
  1. Glencross, Christian M (his blog?) wrote about attempting to write a script to track SQL statements executed by a Java application (private email). Thanks to him for permitting me to blog about his BTrace script. I've made few formatting changes to fit his code in this blog and added few explanatory comments (staring with "VERBOSE:").
    
    
    import static com.sun.btrace.BTraceUtils.\*;
    
    import java.sql.Statement;
    import java.util.Map;
    import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicLong;
    
    import com.sun.btrace.\*;
    import com.sun.btrace.annotations.\*;
    
    /\*\*
     \* BTrace script to print timings for all executed JDBC statements on an event.
     \* <p>
     \* 
     \* @author Chris Glencross
     \*/
    @BTrace
    public class JdbcQueries {
    
        private static Map preparedStatementDescriptions = newWeakMap();
    
        private static Map statementDurations = newHashMap();
    
        // VERBOSE: @TLS makes the field "thread local" -- sort of like using java.lang.ThreadLocal
        @TLS
        private static String preparingStatement;
    
        @TLS
        private static long timeStampNanos;
    
        @TLS
        private static String executingStatement;
    
        /\*\*
         \* If "--stack" is passed on command line, print the Java stack trace of the JDBC statement.
         \*
         \* VERBOSE: Command line arguments to BTrace are accessed as $(N) where N is the command line arg position.
         \* 
         \* Otherwise we print the SQL.
         \*/
        private static boolean useStackTrace = $(2) != null && strcmp("--stack", $(2)) == 0;
    
        // The first couple of probes capture whenever prepared statement and callable statements are
        // instantiated, in order to let us track what SQL they contain.
    
        /\*\*
         \* Capture SQL used to create prepared statements.
         \*
         \* VERBOSE: +foo in clazz means foo and it's subtypes. Note the use of regular expression
         \* for method names. With that BTrace matches all methods starting with "prepare". The
         \* type "AnyType" matches any Java type.
         \* 
         \* @param args - the list of method parameters. args[1] is the SQL.
         \*/
        @OnMethod(clazz = "+java.sql.Connection", method = "/prepare.\*/")
        public static void onPrepare(AnyType[] args) {
            preparingStatement = useStackTrace ? jstackStr() : str(args[1]);
        }
    
        /\*\*
         \* Cache SQL associated with a prepared statement.
         \*
         \* VERBOSE: By default, @OnMethod matches method entry points. Modifying with @Location 
         \* annotation to match the method return points.
         \* 
         \* @param arg - the return value from the prepareXxx() method.
         \*/
        @OnMethod(clazz = "+java.sql.Connection", method = "/prepare.\*/", location = @Location(Kind.RETURN))
        public static void onPrepareReturn(AnyType arg) {
            if (preparingStatement != null) {
                print("P"); // Debug Prepared
                Statement preparedStatement = (Statement) arg;
                put(preparedStatementDescriptions, preparedStatement, preparingStatement);
                preparingStatement = null;
            }
        }
    
        // The next couple of probes intercept the execution of a statement. If it execute with no-args,
        // then it must be a prepared statement or callable statement. Get the SQL from the probes up above.
        // Otherwise the SQL is in the first argument.
    
        @OnMethod(clazz = "+java.sql.Statement", method = "/execute.\*/")
        public static void onExecute(AnyType[] args) {
            timeStampNanos = timeNanos();
            if (args.length == 1) {
                // No SQL argument; lookup the SQL from the prepared statement
                Statement currentStatement = (Statement) args[0]; // this
                executingStatement = get(preparedStatementDescriptions, currentStatement);
            } else {
                // Direct SQL in the first argument
                executingStatement = useStackTrace ? jstackStr() : str(args[1]);
            }
        }
    
        @OnMethod(clazz = "+java.sql.Statement", method = "/execute.\*/", location = @Location(Kind.RETURN))
        public static void onExecuteReturn() {
    
            if (executingStatement == null) {
                return;
            }
    
            print("X"); // Debug Executed
    
            long durationMicros = (timeNanos() - timeStampNanos) / 1000;
            AtomicLong ai = get(statementDurations, executingStatement);
            if (ai == null) {
                ai = newAtomicLong(durationMicros);
                put(statementDurations, executingStatement, ai);
            } else {
                addAndGet(ai, durationMicros);
            }
    
            executingStatement = null;
        }
    
        // VERBOSE: @OnEvent probe fires whenever BTrace client sends "event" command.
        // The command line BTrace client sends BTrace events when user pressed Ctrl-C 
        // (more precisely, on receiving SIGINT signal)
        @OnEvent
        public static void onEvent() {
            println("---------------------------------------------");
            printNumberMap("JDBC statement executions / microseconds:", statementDurations);
            println("---------------------------------------------");
        }
    
    }
    
    

    And he has expressed few wish lists for BTrace based on his experience with DTrace. We plan to investigate those items in near future.



  2. Binod P.G exchanged private e-mails about BTrace usage to track down a memory leak. Subsequently, he has blogged about the same.
Comments:

Hi, BTrace saved me the other day as well.

I blogged about it here: http://blog.igorminar.com/2008/06/btrace-dtrace-for-java.html

Thanks!!

Posted by Igor Minar on June 25, 2008 at 09:54 PM IST #

Hi Igor Minar : Thanks for using and blogging about BTrace!

Posted by A. Sundararajan on June 26, 2008 at 02:14 AM IST #

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