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Oracle VM VirtualBox: Networking options and how-to manage them

Simon Coter
Director of Product Management

VirtualBox.pngStarting from the great blog article that Fat Bloke wrote in the past on this important Oracle VM VirtualBox component, I'm going to refresh the same for VirtualBox 5.1.

Networking in VirtualBox is extremely powerful, but can also be a bit daunting, so here's a quick overview of the different ways you can setup networking in VirtualBox, with a few pointers as to which configurations should be used and when.

Oracle VM VirtualBox 5.1 allows you to configure up to 8 virtual NICs (Network Interface Controllers) for each guest vm (although only 4 are exposed in the GUI) and for each of these NICs you can configure:

  1. Which virtualized NIC-type is exposed to the Guest. Options available are:
    • PCnet-PCI II (Am79C970A)
    • PCnet-Fast III (Am79C973)
    • Intel PRO/1000 MT Desktop (82540EM)
    • Intel PRO/1000 T Server (82543GC)
    • Intel PRO/1000 MT Server (82545EM)
    • Paravirtualized network adapter (virtio-net)
  2. How the NIC operates with respect to your Host's physical networking. The main modes are:

The choice of NIC-type comes down to whether the guest has drivers for that NIC.  VirtualBox, suggests a NIC based on the guest OS-type that you specify during creation of the vm, and you rarely need to modify this.

But the choice of networking mode depends on how you want to use your vm (client or server) and whether you want other machines on your network to see it. So let's look at each mode in a bit more detail...

Network Address Translation (NAT)

This is the default mode for new vm's and works great in most situations when the Guest is a "client" type of vm. (i.e. most network connections are outbound). Here's how it works:

NAT Networking

When the guest OS boots,  it typically uses DHCP to get an IP address. VirtualBox will field this DHCP request and tell the guest OS its assigned IP address and the gateway address for routing outbound connections. In this mode, every vm is assigned the same IP address (10.0.2.15) because each vm thinks they are on their own isolated network. And when they send their traffic via the gateway (10.0.2.2) VirtualBox rewrites the packets to make them appear as though they originated from the Host, rather than the Guest (running inside the Host).

This means that the Guest will work even as the Host moves from network to network (e.g. laptop moving between locations), and from wireless to wired connections too.

However, how does another computer initiate a connection into a Guest?  e.g. connecting to a web server running in the Guest. This is not (normally) possible using NAT mode as there is no route into the Guest OS. So for vm's running servers we need a different networking mode....

NAT Networking characteristics:

  • Guests sit on own private LAN
  • VirtualBox acts as a DHCP Server
  • VirtualBox NAT engine translates addresses
  • Destination servers see traffic originating from VirtualBox host
  • No configuration needed on Host or Guest
  • Great when guests are clients
  • Not good for guests as servers

Bridged Networking

Bridged Networking is used when you want your vm to be a full network citizen, i.e. to be an equal to your host machine on the network; in this mode, a virtual NIC is "bridged" to a physical NIC on your host.

The effect of this is that each VM has access to the physical network in the same way as your host. It can access any service on the network such as external DHCP services, name lookup services, and routing information just as the host does. Logically, the network looks like this:

Bridging to wired LAN

The downside of this mode is that if you run many vm's you can quickly run out of IP addresses or your network administrator gets fed up with you asking for statically assigned IP addresses. Secondly, if your host has multiple physical NICs (e.g. Wireless and Wired) you must reconfigure the bridge when your host jumps networks.

So what if you want to run servers in vm's but don't want to involve your network administrator? Maybe one of the next 2 modes is for you...or maybe a combination of more options, like one NAT vNIC + 1 Host-only vNIC.....

Bridged Networking characteristics:

  • VirtualBox bridges to Host Network
  • Good for clients or server guests
  • Consumes IP addresses
  • May involve configuration of guest
  • Best for production environments 

Internal Networking

When you configure one or more vm's to sit on an Internal network, VirtualBox ensures that all traffic on that network stays within the host and is only visible to vm's on that virtual network. Configuration looks like this:

Configuring Internal Networks

The internal network ( in this example "intnet" ) is a totally isolated network and so is very "quiet". This is good for testing when you need a separate, clean network, and you can create sophisticated internal networks with vm's that provide their own services to the internal network. (e.g. Active Directory, DHCP, etc). Note that not even the Host is a member of the internal network, but this mode allows vm's to function even when the Host is not connected to a network (e.g. on a plane).

Note that in this mode, VirtualBox provides no "convenience" services such as DHCP, so your machines must be statically configured or one of the vm's needs to provide a DHCP/Name service.

Multiple internal networks are possible and you can configure vm's to have multiple NICs to sit across internal and other network modes and thereby provide routes if needed.

But all this sounds tricky. What if you want an Internal Network that the host participates on with VirtualBox providing IP addresses to the Guests? Ah, then for this, you might want to consider Host-only Networking...

Internal Networking characteristic:

  • Guests can see other guests on same internal network
  • Host cannot see internal network
  • Network configuration needed
  • Functions even when Host disconnected
  • Can be used in conjunction with Bridged
  • Good for multi-tier solutions

Host-only Networking

Host-only Networking is like Internal Networking in that you indicate which network the Guest sits on, in this case, "vboxnet0":

All vm's sitting on this "vboxnet0" network will see each other, and additionally, the host can see these vm's too. However, other external machines cannot see Guests on this network, hence the name "Host-only".

Logically, the network looks like this:

Host-only networking

This looks very similar to Internal Networking but the host is now on "vboxnet0" and can provide DHCP services. To configure how a Host-only network behaves, look in the VirtualBox Manager...Preferences...Network dialog:

Configure Host-only NetworksDHCP Server

Host-Only Networking characteristics:

  • VirtualBox creates a private internal network for guests and host
  • Host sees a new software NIC
  • VirtualBox provides a DHCP server
  • Guests cannot see outside world
  • Guests function even when host disconnected
  • Great for development

Port-Forwarding with NAT Networking

Now you may think that we've provided enough modes here to handle every eventuality but here's just one more...

What if you cart around a mobile-demo or dev environment on, say, a laptop and you have one or more vm's that you need other machines to connect into? And you are continually hopping onto different (customer?) networks.

In this scenario:

  • NAT - won't work because external machines need to connect in.
  • Bridged - possibly an option, but does your customer want you eating IP addresses and can your software cope with changing networks?
  • Internal - we need the vm(s) to be visible on the network, so this is no good.
  • Host-only - same problem as above, we want external machines to connect in to the vm's.

Enter Port-forwarding to save the day!

  1. Configure your vm's to use NAT networking;
  2. Add Port Forwarding rules;
  3. External machines connect to "host":"port number" and connections are forwarded by VirtualBox to the guest:port number specified.

For example, if your vm runs a web server on port 80, you could set up rules like this: 

Port-forwarding Rules

...which reads: "any connections on port 8080 on the Host will be forwarded onto this vm's port 80".

 This provides a mobile demo system which won't need re-configuring every time you connect your laptop to a different LAN/Network.

Summary

VirtualBox has a very powerful set of options allowing you to set up almost any configuration your heart desires. 
For more information, check out the VirtualBox User Manual on Virtual Networking.

Join the discussion

Comments ( 54 )
  • Nirmal Saturday, June 3, 2017
    Hi Simon Coter,

    Thanks for the detailed explanation. I am curious to know which option should we need to go to setup the following.

    - Disable Internet on Host OS for Security Reasons
    - Enable Internet for any Guest OS VM

    Regards
    Nirmal
  • Simon Tuesday, June 6, 2017
    Hi Nirmal,

    to get this you should use "Bridged Interfaces" for your VMs.
    You can work on your own LAN DHCP server and decide which IP addresses / MAC addresses can have internet access and which not.
    An other alternative could be to use an external proxy-server to get internet access and the same will be configured, client-side, only on VMs.
    There is no option to get VirtualBox managing host OS internet access.
    Thanks

    Simon
  • Nirmal Saturday, July 1, 2017
    Thanks Simon.

    I have tried your first suggestion and it works perfectly.

    Regards
    Nirmal
    India
  • mou reg Sunday, July 2, 2017
    Dear Simon,
    how can manage the other 4 adapters which is not shown in virtualbox settings.
    i need to change modes for those 4 .
  • Simon Monday, July 3, 2017
    Hi Mou,

    you have to use the "VBoxManage" CLI.
    You can see VirtualBox documentation at:

    https://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ch08.html#idm3991

    and some examples at:

    https://www.eanderalx.org/virtualization/8_network_card_vbox

    Thanks

    Simon
  • André Tuesday, July 4, 2017
    Hi Simon,

    How good this article, I need help.

    What is the appropriate setting for the scenario:

    Host: running "Primavera P6" (port 8203), WebLogic, Oracle Linux 7;
    Guest: Windows7 / Internet Explorer connects to host port 8203.

    Thank you

    André
  • Simon Wednesday, July 5, 2017
    Hi Andre,

    the proper solution, based on your requirements, is to use "Host-Only Network" where both the Host and the Guest will have an IP address on the same subnet.
    Thanks

    Simon
  • Alex Saturday, July 8, 2017
    How can I setup next:
    1) Guests can see each other and get always same IP so that them can communicate each other with no issues.

    2) Guests should get same IP, doesn't matter the way host connects to internet home wifi(any network range), work wifi(any network range), tethering 3g/4g wifi( 192.168.43.*), network cable(any network range)
    3) Host can see any guest.
    4) Need a switch to turn of/on access to internet for the guests. Ideally if this could be done on per guest basis.
    5) Guests should be dumb and have no idea how to connect to internet for the case if HOST connects to wifi using login/password.
    6) Guests should not reserve an IP from external DHCP(from which host gets an IP)
  • Simon Monday, July 10, 2017
    Hi Alex,

    for all your requirements above you should create and use your own custom NAT-Network.
    This configuration will cover points 1,3,5,6.
    For point (2) you need to configure your own fixed ip address within the vm, part of the subnet defined for your own NAT-Network.
    For point (4) you need to find a solution on your host-system.
    Thanks

    Simon
  • Manohar Friday, August 4, 2017
    Hi, Can you help me to sync the datetime between host and guest running on oracle VM virtual box.
  • Simon Friday, August 4, 2017
    Hi Manohar,

    please post your question on our forum at https://forum.virtualbox.org with all the details on the issue you are encountering.
    Thanks
  • Shamsul B Thursday, September 21, 2017
    Hi Simon,

    I am currently setting up several Debian VMs as servers.
    All with default NAT address (10.0.2.15)
    Any easy way to ensure all servers get the latest update by issuing a simple command at the VBox GUI or command line?

    Thanks
  • Simon Thursday, September 21, 2017
    Hi Shamsul,

    if you want to execute commands within your VMs you can check following VirtualBox CLI option:

    # VBoxManage guestcontrol -help

    You need to install VirtualBox guest-addition within your VMs.
    Thanks

    Simon
  • SULTAN AHMED Sunday, November 12, 2017
    I have windows 10 in my machine, I also installed vitualbox to learn Linux. Now i would like to connect virtualbox to my machine wifi. I try to get help from online search but internet did not connect to virtualbox. Could you help me to sort out this issue. Please share step.
  • David Mann Saturday, November 25, 2017
    Thanks for this post, the old FatBloke article was slowly fading away and finally gone from the original link... Good concise resource for jogging my memory when I need to think about VirtualBox networking!
  • Simon Monday, November 27, 2017
    Hi Ahmed,

    if you want to get internet on your VM, just use the NAT vnic type and do not worry about wifi or wire connection, the VM will always rely on the host OS to get outside.

    Simon
  • mac Wednesday, November 29, 2017
    Are these the same ip addresses i have to use in my network.
  • Simon Wednesday, November 29, 2017
    Hi Mac,

    no, you can use the subnet you prefer for your network configuration.
    Only the default NAT has its proper network and you should configure the VM with DHCP.

    Simon
  • Igor Z. Friday, December 8, 2017
    Hi Simon,

    I have ifcfg-enp0s3 configurated like this:
    ...
    IPADDR="10.0.2.150"
    PREFIX="24"
    GATEWAY="10.0.2.2"
    ...
    and it works.
    But if I want to change subnet like this:
    IPADDR="10.0.5.150"
    PREFIX="24"
    GATEWAY="10.0.5.2"

    it does not work. So the question is how to change subnet ?
  • Simon Monday, January 8, 2018
    Hi Igor,

    to have your proper subnet you should use "Custom NAT" or "Host-Only" networks and, over there, define your subnet. Once did, you'll be able to configure your custom ip address within the VM and have it correctly working.

    Simon
  • Justin Thursday, January 11, 2018
    Simon,
    Thank you for the great post.

    In section "Host-only Networking" you show the Preferences dlg and the UI shows both NAT networks and Host-only networks. I'm using VB 5.2.2 and it shows only NAT networks. How do I create/configure host-only nets?

    Also, how do you configure multiple internal networks? Just by creating a new name in the Name drop list?

    Justin
  • Simon Friday, January 12, 2018
    Hi Justin,

    related to "Host-Only" you have to use "Global-Tools -> Host Network Manager" in the upper right of VirtualBox GUI.
    For Internal-Networks just name them as you need (see https://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ch06.html#network_internal for further details).

    Simon
  • Justin Friday, January 12, 2018
    Thanks, Simon. It seems strange that the networking config has been bifurcated. Do you know the logic behind this change? Aren't both net types 'global'?

    Justin
  • Simon Tuesday, January 16, 2018
    Hi Justin,

    yep, also Internal Network is global but its management has been always part of the VM itself.
    Thanks

    Simon
  • Grzegorz Wednesday, March 14, 2018
    Which The main modes i have to choose, when i want to generate network traffic in my virtualbox from software like scapy, ostinato and capture the traffic with wireshark, but i need server who can reply my traffic.
  • Simon Wednesday, March 14, 2018
    Hi Grzegorz,

    it really depends which type of network communication will happen. If your VM talks with an external host/VM then I would suggest you to used "Bridged" and you can track your network within the VM and on the external host; if you VM talks only with the host OS, you can use NAT or Host-only Network and monitor traffic within the VM and on the VBox vNIC on the host.

    Simon
  • David Sunday, March 18, 2018
    This is a very informative article, thank you very much for taking the time to put this information together!
  • Ali Tuesday, April 3, 2018
    Hi Simon,

    How am I supposed to get a web address for the VM? I am “hosting” a website on it, and need to know the web address of my VM to see if my site actually shows up.

    Thanks!
    Ali
  • Simon Wednesday, April 4, 2018
    Hi Ali,

    you only know how you've configured your VM and which IP address your VM has. On VirtualBox you can use DHCP or static IP address within the VM; you also have different network types....

    Simon
  • Shamsul B Monday, April 30, 2018
    Hi Simon,

    Is there a way to edit/view/copy the port forward (PF) rules created in GUI using CLI? I supposed the option could be available in "VBoxManage natnetwork" command line. I have to go back and forth in the GUI/CLI to check my PF rules I created previously.
  • Simon Monday, April 30, 2018
    Hi Shamsul,

    you should be able to see existing rules by "showvminfo" option; example:

    [scoter@area51: ~]# vboxmanage showvminfo ol7-lamp |grep NIC |grep Rule

    NIC 1 Rule(0): name = ssh, protocol = tcp, host ip = 127.0.0.1, host port = 2222, guest ip = , guest port = 22

    NIC 1 Rule(1): name = tcp8080, protocol = tcp, host ip = , host port = 8080, guest ip = , guest port = 80

    Simon
  • Shamsul B Friday, May 4, 2018
    Hi Simon,

    I've created a new nat network, namely NatNetwork1 with ssh and http port forwarding rules in it and tied a vm to the new network.

    vboxmanage showvminfo vm | grep NIC shows:
    NIC 1: MAC: XXXXXXX, Attachment: NAT Network 'NatNetwork1', Cable connected: on, Trace: off (file: none), Type: 82540EM, Reported speed: 0 Mbps, Boot priority: 0, Promisc Policy: deny, Bandwidth group: none
    NIC 2: disabled

    The cmd "vboxmanage natnetwork list" will list

    vboxmanage natnetwork list shows:
    NAT Networks:

    Name: NatNetwork
    Network: 10.0.2.0/24
    Gateway: 10.0.2.1
    IPv6: No
    Enabled: Yes

    Name: NatNetwork1
    Network: 10.1.2.0/24
    Gateway: 10.1.2.1
    IPv6: No
    Enabled: Yes

    What command to see the details of the NatNetwork1 (including PF rules)

    I would expect something like "vboxmanage natnetwork list NatNetwork1 --showdetails" or someting like that. Currently it has the following options only.

    vboxmanage natnetwork
    Usage:

    VBoxManage natnetwork add --netname
    --network
    [--enable|--disable]
    [--dhcp on|off]
    [--port-forward-4 ]
    [--loopback-4 ]
    [--ipv6 on|off]
    [--port-forward-6 ]
    [--loopback-6 ]

    VBoxManage natnetwork remove --netname
    VBoxManage natnetwork modify --netname
    [--network ]
    [--enable|--disable]
    [--dhcp on|off]
    [--port-forward-4 ]
    [--loopback-4 ]
    [--ipv6 on|off]
    [--port-forward-6 ]
    [--loopback-6 ]

    VBoxManage natnetwork start --netname
    VBoxManage natnetwork stop --netname
    VBoxManage natnetwork list []
  • Rod Friday, May 18, 2018
    Simon, thanks for providing an excellent article on the subject! I am a DBA installing Galera Cluster on 3 VM machines (running on Windows 10). The requirements is to have static IP addresses for all 3 nodes, be able to fetch os and rdbms software from the internet and also connect to all nodes via putty (from Windows). I have tried different combinations and could not accomplish the 3rd request. VM is not visible (unable to ping) from Windows hosting it. Please advise on solution. Thanks!
  • Simon Monday, May 21, 2018
    Hi Rod,

    you should create your own customer NAT network.
    With this option your host will be able to reach all the VMs, you can use fixed IP addresses you want and if a service running on the VMs need to be exposed outside you can use port-forwarding.
    Thanks

    Simon
  • Curtis Monday, June 4, 2018
    Hi Simon,

    I want to build a virtual box on a Domain connected PC.

    My requirements are for the virtual box to be isolated from the Domain so it cannot connect to the Host or be contactable from the Host or any machine on the Domain.

    Which option do I choose to configure the Virtual Box?
  • Simon Monday, June 4, 2018
    Hi Curtis,

    for your requirement best choice is "Host-Only".
    With "Host-Only" network your VMs won't have any access outside. The only communication granted will be between your Host and your VMs.
    Thanks

    Simon
  • Vlad Tuesday, June 5, 2018
    Hi Simon,

    I would have a question on how should I configure my VM in the following situation:
    I have a Windwos 2008 application Server running on my PC Virtual Box, and I want to establish a connection between a tablet running on Windows 10 where I have to setup a client. The tablet has to reach the Server egateway, but it is not. I have an external Wifi adapter to which both my PC and the Tablet are connected.
    What configuration should I chose for the Windows 2008?

    Thank you and best regards,
    Vlad
  • Simon Tuesday, June 5, 2018
    Hi Vlad,

    if you want to get your VM directly communicating outside (so to your tablet on the same WiFi connection) you should use a "Bridged Adapter".

    Simon
  • Vlad Tuesday, June 5, 2018
    Hi Simon,

    Thank you for the quick reply. What should I chose from the drop-down list under 'Name', is there any specific option or just the ' Intel Dual Band Wirelss'

    Best regards,
    Vlad
  • Simon Tuesday, June 5, 2018
    Vlad,

    you should choose the Network Adapter that has the option to communicate with your Tablet; I cannot know which device(s) you have on your env.

    Simon
  • Gareth Friday, June 8, 2018
    Sometimes you google something looking for an answer, and get half answers. This is not the case here.

    Thanks for a great article that helped me figure out exactly what network setup I needed!
  • katie p Tuesday, June 12, 2018
    Hi Simon, great article. It helps me alot. But pls, can you help me with my issue? I have Oracle virt. box and 2 centos 6,9 in it. I need to create NFS server. I have Nat interface for connection to inet. But with which interface should i connect centoses so they have different IP addr. each? So I can make from one centos nfs server a from second one ..client. ? thanx.
  • Simon Tuesday, June 12, 2018
    Hi Katie,

    you should add a second "Host-Only" vNIC to each VM and configure a static IP for both of them.
    The "NAT" vNIC has to remain the default-gateway for your VMs while the "Host-Only" will be used for internal communication between them.

    Simon
  • Shamsul B Thursday, June 28, 2018
    Hi Simon,

    In my earlier post on Friday, May 4, 2018, asking about the detailed info on VMs and its port forward setup, I have finally found the answer. The available command is: vboxmanage list natnets. The output of the command shows the details of the Port-forwarding rules.
    Your suggested command: vboxmanage showvminfo ol7-lamp |grep NIC |grep Rule
    does not provide intended output of the porf forwarding rules.

    Regards
  • Sujeet Friday, July 27, 2018
    Hi Simon,

    I have 2 guest vm's on ubuntu which will be running kubernetes master and client. So my requirement is

    1. Access to internet from vm's so that they download sw as required.
    2.communication between vm's for clustering.
    3. Fixed IP address to each vm.
    4. Communication from host to guest and reverse.

    My laptop runs windows 8 and I connect to internet thru a wireless router.

    When do we configure the network part after creating vm's and before installing the OS or later.

    Thanks
  • Simon Sunday, July 29, 2018
    Hi Sujeet,

    for this purpose you can create your dedicated "NAT Network" and get both the VMs on it.
    By using the your custom NAT both VMs will be able to talk each other and, at the same time, reach the web outside (by leveraging your host).
    An other option can be to get 2 different vNIC, one Host-Only dedicated to the internal traffic between the two VMs and one Bridged to reach outside.

    Simon
  • Sujeet Monday, July 30, 2018
    Hi Simon,

    Thanks for the quick response. The problem with NAT setup is that both VM's get the same ip address and hence cannot become part of the cluster as master and slave. Other problem I have is that I cannot get the fixed ip address working for host-only setup and I am forced to used dhcp .
  • Simon Monday, July 30, 2018
    Hi Sujeet,

    you have to create your own NAT network (not use the default one available); an example on how-to create a NAT network is available here:

    https://www.techrepublic.com/article/how-to-create-multiple-nat-networks-in-virtualbox/

    Once done you can create your own "port forwarding" rules by using the command line utility "vboxmanage".

    Simon
  • Vibhas Tuesday, July 31, 2018
    Hi Simon,

    Thanks for providing such insightful info on vbox networking modes.
    I need your help on the below scenario :-
    I have windows 10 as my host and some web-server(port 8443) running inside a VM(debian) whose interface is configured with static ip : 172.16.0.1
    Now, we need to access this web-server from external devices using host-ip:8443
    As per my understanding the best netwroking mode to use for this scenario would be NAT Port-Forwarding, but the problem is with the static ip(172.16.0.1).
    I tried adding following rule :-
    Name Protocol H-IP H-Port G-IP G-Port
    Rule1 TCP blank 8443 blank 8443

    I tried the above rule with changing the default network range from 10.0.2.X/16 to 172.16/16
    But even then it is not working.
    Is there any way that we can access the web-server with its static-ip using host-ip from external devices ?
    Any help on this will be much appreciated.

    Thanks.
    Vibhas
  • Simon Tuesday, July 31, 2018
    Hi Vibhas,

    you have two options here: use the default NAT available on VirtualBox and manage the port forwarding from the GUI or use a custom NAT Network and implement the port forwarding with "VBoxmanage" on the host (VBoxManage.exe on Windows).
    The command to create a port-forwarding rule on your custom NAT is, for example:

    # VBoxManage natnetwork modify --netname "yourNatNetwork" --port-forward-4 "myapp:tcp:[]:8443:[vm-ip]:8443"

    Simon
  • pavlos Thursday, August 2, 2018
    Host: windows 10, Start VirtualBox (I have 5.2.12)

    ===== create first VM =====
    name: ipfire
    adapter1: bridged
    adapter2: host-only adapter
    install ipfire 2.19 core 120
    configure red0 as bridge, DHCP
    configure green0, static, 192.168.56.10, gw 192.168.56.1

    red0 gets 10.0.0.35 (from Zentyal), green0 gets 192.168.56.10
    from host, https://192.168.56.10:444 and gui shows up

    ===== create second VM =====
    name: winxp
    nic1: host-only adapter
    configure network as DHCP, it will get 192.168.56.101
    (VB has a DHCP server enabled for guests)

    ===== logon to ipfire
    pings 192.168.56.101 (winxp VM), 1.1.1.1, and resolve names (ping he.net)

    ===== logon to winxp
    pings 192.168.56.10 (ipfire VM), 192.168.56.1 but cannot ping 1.1.1.1 or resolve names

    I was hoping that all traffic from winxp would be routed to ipfire and then outside.
    (192.168.56.101 -> 192.168.56.10 -> 192.168.56.1 -> 10.0.0.35 -> Net)

    Thank you, Paul
  • Simon Thursday, August 2, 2018
    Hi Paul,

    two things you should check on your env:

    1. Routing on VMs (you do not need to configure 192.168.56.1 as gateway); all VMs on this subnet will be able to talk each-other and also to reach 192.168.56.1.

    2. Check that on "Bridged" interface, under "Advanced Options" you have "Allows All".

    Simon
  • AleX Sunday, September 9, 2018
    Hi Simon!

    I have an issue with bridge network on my Kali Linux v-machine, hosted on Linux Mint. I need Kali to operate as individual device in network, but after trying every solution that I found on the internet, nothing helped - host OS doesn't see Kali and Kali doesn't connect. What should I do?

    Sincerely, Alex
  • Simon Monday, September 10, 2018
    Hi Alex,

    you should use "Bridge Networking" and point to the correct physical NIC (wired or wifi).
    After that you should verify that under "Advanced" section you also have "Allows all".
    Your VM should get a public IP from DHCP (or you have to assign a static one) and from there your host and guest VM should also talk each other.

    Simon
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