Sunday Jul 15, 2007

Mount NTFS / Ext2 / Ext3 / FAT 16 / FAT 32 in Solaris

I often get queries about mounting NTFS / Ext2 / Ext3 /  FAT 16 /  FAT 32 partions in Solaris .  Follow the below steps . Note that its only read-only support for NTFS / Ext2 / Ext3 .

 \* Download packages
FSWpart
FSWfsmisc

   Note these are packages for x86 Solaris .

 \* unzip the packages and install it

root~#gzcat FSWpart.tar.gz | tar xvf -

root~#gzcat FSWfsmisc.tar.gz | tar xvf -

root~#pkgadd -d . FSWpart

root~#pkgadd -d . FSWfsmisc

 \* Now run the prtpart tool

root~#/usr/sbin/prtpart

It would result in following output
root~#/usr/sbin/prtpart


Fdisk information for device /dev/rdsk/c1d0p0

Block Size : 512 bytes
Controller : ide
Disk       : cmdk
Capacity   : 74 GB

#  start block  # nblocks    startCylSecHd endCylSecHd   OSType
 1: 0000000063   0006152832     0/ 1/ 1    7e/7f/fe      Diagnostic
 2: 0006152895   0025173855    7f/41/ 0    ff/ff/fe      WIN95 FAT32(LBA)
 3: 0031328640   0052432128    ff/ff/fe    ff/ff/fe      Solaris x86
 4: 0083760830   0072535555    ff/ff/fe    ff/ff/fe      DOS Extended

  #  start block  # nblocks    startCylSecHd endCylSecHd   OSType
   5: 0000000001   0031407012    ff/ff/fe    ff/ff/fe      Linux native
   0: 0031407013   0001994202    ff/ff/fe    ff/ff/fe      DOS Extended

    #  start block  # nblocks    startCylSecHd endCylSecHd   OSType
     6: 0000000063   0001994139    ff/ff/fe    ff/ff/fe      Linux swap
     0: 0033401215   0039134340    ff/ff/fe    ff/ff/fe      DOS Extended

      #  start block  # nblocks    startCylSecHd endCylSecHd   OSType
       7: 0000000063   0039134277    ff/ff/fe    ff/ff/fe      WIN95 FAT32(Upto 2047GB)


Now note the disk id. In the above example its "/dev/rdsk/c1d0p0"

 Now run

root~#/usr/sbin/prtpart /dev/rdsk/c1d0p0 -ldevs

Fdisk information for device /dev/rdsk/c1d0p0

\*\* NOTE \*\*
/dev/dsk/c1d0p0      - Physical device referring to entire physical disk
/dev/dsk/c1d0p1 - p4 - Physical devices referring to the 4 primary partitions
/dev/dsk/c1d0p5 ...  - Virtual devices referring to logical partitions

Virtual device names can be used to access EXT2 and NTFS on logical partitions

/dev/dsk/c1d0p1 Diagnostic
/dev/dsk/c1d0p2 WIN95 FAT32(LBA)
/dev/dsk/c1d0p3 Solaris x86
/dev/dsk/c1d0p4 DOS Extended
/dev/dsk/c1d0p5 Linux native
/dev/dsk/c1d0p6 Linux swap
/dev/dsk/c1d0p7 WIN95 FAT32(Upto 2047GB)

The above command scan you hard-disk and displays all available filesystems. Note the required filesystems to be mounted.

To mount NTFS partition use

root~#mount -F ntfs  /dev/dsk/c1d0p<number> /mnt/windows

To mount FAT 16 /  FAT 32 partition use

root~#mount -F pcfs  /dev/dsk/c1d0p<number> /mnt/windows

if the above command fails you can try the below option

root~#prtpart /dev/dsk/c1d0p0 -fat

the above command should list the available PCFS / FAT partitions in colon notation, then use the same for mounting (eg)

root~#mount -F pcfs  /dev/dsk/c1d0p0:d /mnt/windows

To mount Ext2 / Ext3 partitions use

root~#mount -F ext2fs /dev/dsk/c1d0p<number> /mnt/linux

To unmount a partition use "umount <directory>"

root~#umount /mnt/linux

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pradhap

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