Wednesday Apr 16, 2008

Solaris 10 Kernel PatchID Sequence

Entry updated June 6, 2013, with new Solaris 10 Kernel PatchIDs, 150400-xx (SPARC) and 150401-xx (x86):

Patch Rejuvenation

When a patch becomes complex and unwieldy, it is "Rejuvenated".   That is, no more revisions of the patch are created.  Instead, further code changes to objects contained in the patch are delivered in a series of smaller, simpler, new child PatchIDs, each of which declares a dependency upon (i.e. requires) the parent Patch.

This process is known as Patch Rejuvenation and is typically performed on the Kernel patches associated with Solaris Update releases.

Customers still need to install the large parent patch once, but subsequent bug fixes are delivered in smaller, simpler patches.

The parent patches effectively provide "stepping-stones" to reach certain key functionality levels, with rejuvenation enabling smaller incremental change in between Update releases.

If a child patch itself becomes complex and unwieldy over time, it too may be Rejuvenated, so we end up with a "family tree" of PatchIDs providing a lineage of bug fixes for particular code areas such as the Kernel.

See https://support.oracle.com/CSP/main/article?cmd=show&type=NOT&id=1006717.1 for further information.

Effect of Solaris Update "SplitGate" process on PatchIDs

Starting in February 2007, a new, improved, source code "Gate" management process was introduced for core Solaris.  This is known as the "SplitGate" process.  This replaced the old "Feature Foldback" Gate management model. "SplitGate" provides much better separation during the development process between feature code destined for release as part of a Solaris Update release and sustaining (bug fix) patches.  This addresses the problem with earlier Solaris 10 Update releases where issues with features destined for an Update release was adversely impacting the releasability of sustaining (bug fix) patches for customers in production on earlier Solaris 10 releases.

Note, as described in earlier blog postings, any change to pre-existing packages, whether as the result of new feature code or bug fixes, is always delivered in a patch.  Therefore, the Kernel patches released at the end of each Update do contain a mixture of feature and bug fix code.  What "SplitGate" provides is better separation of the feature code from bug fix patches until the Update is ready for release.

The improvement in Solaris 10 Kernel patch releasability has been dramatic:

Releasable Solaris 10 Kernel Patches using “Feature Foldback” model:

    SPARC:      21 out of 66 = 32%    (from March 2005 to February 2007)
    x86:            12 out of 66 = 18%    (from March 2005 to February 2007)

Releasable Solaris 10 Kernel Patches using “SplitGate” model:

    SPARC:      105 out of 121 =  87%    (from February 2007 to current [Sept 10th, 2013])
    x86:            108 out of 120 =  90%    (from February 2007 to current [Sept 10th, 2013])

A side effect of the "SplitGate" process, is that each Solaris 10 Update release, starting with Solaris 10 8/07 (Update 4) introduces a new set of PatchIDs which accumulate and obsolete the preceding set of PatchIDs. 

So, for example, a single new Kernel PatchID revision will appear at the end of each Solaris 10 Update release. For instance, 120011-14 (SPARC) and 120012-14 (x86) is the Kernel PatchID associated with Solaris 10 8/07 (Update 4).  Revisions -01 to -13 of this patch are not released to customers as these are purely for the interim internal builds of the Update.  Therefore, 120011-14 (SPARC) and 120012-14 (x86) are the only revisions of these PatchIDs to be released to customers.  This Kernel patch associated with the Update release is then Rejuvenated, so subsequent bug fixes will appear in a new set of PatchIDs, each of which will depend upon (i.e. require) the parent PatchID from which they were rejuvenated.

Solaris 10 Kernel Patch Lineage 

The impact of Patch Rejuvenation and the "SplitGate" process results in the following sequence of Solaris 10 Kernel PatchIDs, starting with the youngest (newest) child PatchID.  The install order of Kernel patches is starting from the bottom of the table upwards:

Solaris 10 SPARC Kernel PatchIDs
Description
Solaris 10 x86 Kernel PatchIDs

150400-01 to 150400-xx

Kernel Bug Fixes
from July 2013

 150401-01 to 150401-xx

  148888-01 to 148888-05

Kernel Bug Fixes
post Solaris 10 1/13 (Update 11) to June 2013

 148889-01 to 148889-05

  147147-26 only

Solaris 10 1/13 (Update 11) Kernel PatchID

 147148-26 only

  147440-01 to 147440-27

Kernel Bug Fixes
post Solaris 10 8/11 (Update 10)

 147441-01 to 147441-27

  144500-19 only

Solaris 10 8/11 (Update 10) Kernel PatchID
 144501-19 only
 144488-01 to 144488-17

Kernel Bug Fixes
post Solaris 10 9/10 (Update 9)

 144489-01 to 144489-17

  142909-17 only

Solaris 10 9/10 (Update 9) Kernel PatchID
 142910-17 only
 142900-01 to 142900-15

Kernel Bug Fixes
post Solaris 10 10/09 (Update 8)

 142901-01 to 142901-15
 141444-09 only
Solaris 10 10/09 (Update 8) Kernel PatchID   141445-09 only
 141414-01 to 141414-10

Kernel Bug Fixes
post Solaris 10 5/09 (Update 7)

 141415-01 to 141415-10
139555-08 only
Solaris 10 5/09 (Update 7) Kernel PatchID 139556-08 only
138888-01 to 138888-08

Kernel Bug Fixes
post Solaris 10 10/08 (Update 6)

138889-01 to 138889-08
 137137-09 only

Solaris 10 10/08 (Update 6) Kernel PatchID

 137138-09 only
137111-01 to 137111-08

Kernel Bug Fixes
post Solaris 10 5/08 (Update 5)

137112-01 to 137112-08
 127127-11 only
Solaris 10 5/08 (Update 5) Kernel PatchID
 127128-11 only
 127111-01 to 127111-11

Kernel Bug Fixes
post Solaris 10 8/07 (Update 4)

 127112-01 to 127112-11
 120011-14 only
Solaris 10 8/07 (Update 4) Kernel PatchID
 120012-14 only
 125100-04 to 125100-10

Kernel Bug Fixes
post Solaris 10 11/06 (Update 3)

125101-01 to 125101-10
118833-02 to 118833-36

118833-33 (SPARC) / 118855-33 (x86) is the Kernel patch included in Solaris 10 11/06 (Update 3) but these patches were not releasable as "standalone" patches to SunSolve.

118833-17 (SPARC) / 118855-14 (x86) is the Kernel patch included in Solaris 10 6/06 (Update 2). 118855-14 was not releasable as a "standalone" patch to SunSolve.

118855-01 to 118855-36
118822-01 to 118822-30
118822-25 (SPARC) / 118844-26 (x86) is the Kernel patch included in Solaris 10 1/06 (Update 1). 118844-26 was not releasable as a "standalone" patch to SunSolve.

118844-01 to 118844-30



About

This blog is to inform customers about patching best practice, feature enhancements, and key issues. The views expressed on this blog are my own and do not necessarily reflect the views of Oracle. The Documents contained within this site may include statements about Oracle's product development plans. Many factors can materially affect these plans and the nature and timing of future product releases. Accordingly, this Information is provided to you solely for information only, is not a commitment to deliver any material code, or functionality, and SHOULD NOT BE RELIED UPON IN MAKING PURCHASING DECISIONS. The development, release, and timing of any features or functionality described remains at the sole discretion of Oracle. THIS INFORMATION MAY NOT BE INCORPORATED INTO ANY CONTRACTUAL AGREEMENT WITH ORACLE OR ITS SUBSIDIARIES OR AFFILIATES. ORACLE SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY LIABILITY WITH RESPECT TO THIS INFORMATION. ~~~~~~~~~~~~ Gerry Haskins, Director, Software Lifecycle Engineer

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