Linux | Friday, March 23, 2012

How to subscribe to the free Oracle Linux errata yum repositories

Now that updates and errata for Oracle Linux are available for free (both as in beer and freedom), here's a quick HOWTO on how to subscribe your Oracle Linux system to the newly added yum repositories on our public yum server, assuming that you just installed Oracle Linux from scratch, e.g. by using the installation media (ISO images) available from the Oracle Software Delivery Cloud

You need to download the appropriate yum repository configuration file from the public yum server and install it in the yum repository directory. For Oracle Linux 6, the process would look as follows: as the root user, run the following command:

[root@oraclelinux62 ~]# wget http://public-yum.oracle.com/public-yum-ol6.repo \
-P /etc/yum.repos.d/

--2012-03-23 00:18:25-- http://public-yum.oracle.com/public-yum-ol6.repo
Resolving public-yum.oracle.com... 141.146.44.34
Connecting to public-yum.oracle.com|141.146.44.34|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 1461 (1.4K) [text/plain]
Saving to: “/etc/yum.repos.d/public-yum-ol6.repo”
100%[=================================================>] 1,461 --.-K/s in 0s
2012-03-23 00:18:26 (37.1 MB/s) - “/etc/yum.repos.d/public-yum-ol6.repo” saved [1461/1461]

For Oracle Linux 5, the file name would be public-yum-ol5.repo in the URL above instead. The "_latest" repositories that contain the errata packages are already enabled by default — you can simply pull in all available updates by running "yum update" next:
[root@oraclelinux62 ~]# yum update
Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, security
ol6_latest | 1.1 kB 00:00
ol6_latest/primary | 15 MB 00:42
ol6_latest 14643/14643
Setting up Update Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package at.x86_64 0:3.1.10-43.el6 will be updated
---> Package at.x86_64 0:3.1.10-43.el6_2.1 will be an update
---> Package autofs.x86_64 1:5.0.5-39.el6 will be updated
---> Package autofs.x86_64 1:5.0.5-39.el6_2.1 will be an update
---> Package bind-libs.x86_64 32:9.7.3-8.P3.el6 will be updated
---> Package bind-libs.x86_64 32:9.7.3-8.P3.el6_2.2 will be an update
---> Package bind-utils.x86_64 32:9.7.3-8.P3.el6 will be updated
---> Package bind-utils.x86_64 32:9.7.3-8.P3.el6_2.2 will be an update
---> Package cvs.x86_64 0:1.11.23-11.el6_0.1 will be updated
---> Package cvs.x86_64 0:1.11.23-11.el6_2.1 will be an update
[...]
---> Package yum.noarch 0:3.2.29-22.0.1.el6 will be updated
---> Package yum.noarch 0:3.2.29-22.0.2.el6_2.2 will be an update
---> Package yum-plugin-security.noarch 0:1.1.30-10.el6 will be updated
---> Package yum-plugin-security.noarch 0:1.1.30-10.0.1.el6 will be an update
---> Package yum-utils.noarch 0:1.1.30-10.el6 will be updated
---> Package yum-utils.noarch 0:1.1.30-10.0.1.el6 will be an update
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
Dependencies Resolved
=====================================================================================
Package Arch Version Repository Size
=====================================================================================
Installing:
kernel x86_64 2.6.32-220.7.1.el6 ol6_latest 24 M
kernel-uek x86_64 2.6.32-300.11.1.el6uek ol6_latest 21 M
kernel-uek-devel x86_64 2.6.32-300.11.1.el6uek ol6_latest 6.3 M
Updating:
at x86_64 3.1.10-43.el6_2.1 ol6_latest 60 k
autofs x86_64 1:5.0.5-39.el6_2.1 ol6_latest 470 k
bind-libs x86_64 32:9.7.3-8.P3.el6_2.2 ol6_latest 839 k
bind-utils x86_64 32:9.7.3-8.P3.el6_2.2 ol6_latest 178 k
cvs x86_64 1.11.23-11.el6_2.1 ol6_latest 711 k
[...]
xulrunner x86_64 10.0.3-1.0.1.el6_2 ol6_latest 12 M
yelp x86_64 2.28.1-13.el6_2 ol6_latest 778 k
yum noarch 3.2.29-22.0.2.el6_2.2 ol6_latest 987 k
yum-plugin-security noarch 1.1.30-10.0.1.el6 ol6_latest 36 k
yum-utils noarch 1.1.30-10.0.1.el6 ol6_latest 94 k
Transaction Summary
=====================================================================================
Install 3 Package(s)
Upgrade 96 Package(s)
Total download size: 173 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/99): at-3.1.10-43.el6_2.1.x86_64.rpm | 60 kB 00:00
(2/99): autofs-5.0.5-39.el6_2.1.x86_64.rpm | 470 kB 00:01
(3/99): bind-libs-9.7.3-8.P3.el6_2.2.x86_64.rpm | 839 kB 00:02
(4/99): bind-utils-9.7.3-8.P3.el6_2.2.x86_64.rpm | 178 kB 00:00
[...]
(96/99): yelp-2.28.1-13.el6_2.x86_64.rpm | 778 kB 00:02
(97/99): yum-3.2.29-22.0.2.el6_2.2.noarch.rpm | 987 kB 00:03
(98/99): yum-plugin-security-1.1.30-10.0.1.el6.noarch.rpm | 36 kB 00:00
(99/99): yum-utils-1.1.30-10.0.1.el6.noarch.rpm | 94 kB 00:00
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total 306 kB/s | 173 MB 09:38
warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID ec551f03: NOKEY
Retrieving key from http://public-yum.oracle.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle-ol6
Importing GPG key 0xEC551F03:
Userid: "Oracle OSS group (Open Source Software group) "
From : http://public-yum.oracle.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle-ol6
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
Updating : yum-3.2.29-22.0.2.el6_2.2.noarch 1/195
Updating : xorg-x11-server-common-1.10.4-6.el6_2.3.x86_64 2/195
Updating : kernel-uek-headers-2.6.32-300.11.1.el6uek.x86_64 3/195
Updating : 12:dhcp-common-4.1.1-25.P1.el6_2.1.x86_64 4/195
Updating : tzdata-java-2011n-2.el6.noarch 5/195
Updating : tzdata-2011n-2.el6.noarch 6/195
Updating : glibc-common-2.12-1.47.el6_2.9.x86_64 7/195
Updating : glibc-2.12-1.47.el6_2.9.x86_64 8/195
[...]
Cleanup : kernel-firmware-2.6.32-220.el6.noarch 191/195
Cleanup : kernel-uek-firmware-2.6.32-300.3.1.el6uek.noarch 192/195
Cleanup : glibc-common-2.12-1.47.el6.x86_64 193/195
Cleanup : glibc-2.12-1.47.el6.x86_64 194/195
Cleanup : tzdata-2011l-4.el6.noarch 195/195
Installed:
kernel.x86_64 0:2.6.32-220.7.1.el6
kernel-uek.x86_64 0:2.6.32-300.11.1.el6uek
kernel-uek-devel.x86_64 0:2.6.32-300.11.1.el6uek
Updated:
at.x86_64 0:3.1.10-43.el6_2.1
autofs.x86_64 1:5.0.5-39.el6_2.1
bind-libs.x86_64 32:9.7.3-8.P3.el6_2.2
bind-utils.x86_64 32:9.7.3-8.P3.el6_2.2
cvs.x86_64 0:1.11.23-11.el6_2.1
dhclient.x86_64 12:4.1.1-25.P1.el6_2.1
[...]
xorg-x11-server-common.x86_64 0:1.10.4-6.el6_2.3
xulrunner.x86_64 0:10.0.3-1.0.1.el6_2
yelp.x86_64 0:2.28.1-13.el6_2
yum.noarch 0:3.2.29-22.0.2.el6_2.2
yum-plugin-security.noarch 0:1.1.30-10.0.1.el6
yum-utils.noarch 0:1.1.30-10.0.1.el6
Complete!

At this point, your system is fully up to date. As the kernel was updated as well, a reboot is the recommended next action.

If you want to install the latest release of the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel Release 2 as well, you need to edit the .repo file and enable the respective yum repository (e.g. "ol6_UEK_latest" for Oracle Linux 6 and "ol5_UEK_latest" for Oracle Linux 5) manually, by setting enabled to "1". The next yum update run will download and install the second release of the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel, which will be enabled after the next reboot.

-Lenz

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Comments ( 4 )
  • Leo Li Friday, March 30, 2012

    Great! Appreciated.


  • sieler Wednesday, April 4, 2012

    Hi,

    Thanks for this post...very helpful!


  • guest Tuesday, June 19, 2012

    For Oracle Linux 5, the repo file is public-yum-el5.repo (with "el5" not "ol5")


  • Root Er Monday, January 28, 2013

    wow, Great :)


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