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What Has Changed in Web Development?

Breanne Wilson
Oracle University SEO & Content Strategist

As a Web Content, User Experience and Search Engine Optimization Strategist for Oracle University, I work with our global development team on a daily basis.

We're constantly creating new web pages, optimizing our website for mobile and tablet devices and figuring out how to make our website cleaner and more streamlined on both the front end and back end.

I'm constantly learning new things about web development in a world where change is most certainly the only constant!

In my quest to bring even more insightful perspectives to the Oracle University blog, I came across DZone, "one of the world's largest communities and leading publisher of knowledge resources for software developers."

This website gives hundreds of thousands of developers a chance to access information about the hottest "new technologies, methodologies and best practices through shared knowledge."

I connected with Tom Smith, a research analyst at DZone who specializes in conducting one-on-one interviews. His goal is to gather helpful information for developers, engineers and architects to help them find solutions to common business problems across a variety of industries.

With his written permission, I've reposted his article that explores what has changed in web development.

So without further ado, please enjoy his valuable development insights below! 

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The most significant changes to web application development is the proliferation JavaScript and the adoption of microservices.

To gather insights on the state of web application development today, we spoke with 12 executives who are familiar with the state of the industry and asked them, "What are the most significant changes to the development of web applications?"

Here's what they told us:

JavaScript

 

Modern UI frameworks like React.js and hyper-personalized chatbot interactions like Alexa Voice have dramatically raised expectations for usability and intelligence.

Web application developers need to think more about collaborating with business operations to ensure alignment of data, process, and business rules with new customer experiences. A model-driven, low-code platform puts IT and business on the same page while future proofing your application logic for whatever UI comes next.

We now have zero-downtime deployments. I’ve switched from Java, large and “enterprisey,” to Node.js which is more modular for smaller frameworks.

Ongoing JavaScript frameworks like React from Facebook providing a common experience across screens. 

JavaScript’s explosion and the number of frameworks along with it.

Everything is changing rapidly – every six months things are totally different. Tooling. How you access and reuse code changes in JavaScript. We’re now using Webpack to download what we need from the npm (node package manager). We also use Rollup and Browserfy.

Microservices

 

We’ve moved to a microservices model with a bunch of single-pane apps loading to a page skinned with Angular or a single page application.

Prevalence of microservices. Companies are either implementing microservices or exploring the use of them. The backend is more complicated. Introduce API gateways to ensure everything integrates smoothly. The rise of DevOps and shifting left. Developers are picking up new skillsets for Ops around automation with Chef and Puppet and microservices and containers with Kubernetes.

The move to microservices and micro-like services. We see this in push notifications and the need for services to provide that. Alexa calls into services and sees an integration point to integrate with other applications. Less emphasis on full-scale and more emphasis on integration.

Microsoft and Amazon are encouraging their AI assistants to talk to each other. Google is adding a lot of features to Google maps. Combining things together in a way that makes sense to the end user.

Other

 

The impact of the shift to mobile access is still being felt. We are in the middle of a transition that has had several phases. At first, developers jumped on mobile-specific frameworks that didn't work on desktops, then onto so-called "mobile first" frameworks that had a desktop UI, just a very poor one.

Enterprise developers are slowly waking up to the fact that, for enterprise apps, desktop use is still very common, and underpowered components are not acceptable on the desktop or even on tablets and larger phones. The leading frameworks now support using a single set of components across desktop and mobile, with features to allow automatic adaptation.

Combination of web assembly and progressive web apps (asks if you want to receive notifications). If it loads on mobile devices, it has the look and feel of a mobile app.

The concepts of open source have provided the most notable impact on web application development. Open source software is an expression of patterns that developers encounter on a day-to-day basis. In the early 1990s, having login capability and user management was a unique and time-consuming feature for web application developers.

Today we have a host of frameworks powered by open source that can be leveraged to provide this functionality in a more robust and secure implementation than creating from scratch.

Over the years, developers have been able to come together around open source projects to share patterns like logging in and user management so that the result is a better experience for the end user as well as the implementation team. Today, we see similar concepts in the world of cloud-based computing and development lifecycles.

Organizations like Google, Amazon Web Services, Microsoft, IBM, Cisco, and Intel are forming alliances collectively to solve the patterns in systems and delivery under the same open source principles that helped web application developers deal with login forms and user management.

Shepherded by organizations like the Cloud Native Computing Foundation, we see revolutionary communities creating tools that directly affect hosting environments, deployments, and systems. The net effects for web application developers include the ability to focus more on application creation and less on the effort of delivering in a consistent, performant, resilient, and secure manner.

The number of browsers, localization issues, software, devices, screen sizes, resolutions, and responsive web design. Your app must work in all scenarios and not break when there’s a browser update. A lot of combinations depending on JavaScript, CSS, load conditions, and response time.                                                                                 

What do you believe are the most significant changes to web application development?

Here's who we spoke to:

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