Sunday May 01, 2016

Getting a C++11 compiler for Node 4, 5 and 6 on Oracle Linux 6

A newer compiler is needed on Oracle Linux 6 when you want to use add-ons like node-oracledb with Node 4 or later. This is because add-ons for those versions need to be built with a C++11 compatibile compiler. The default compiler on OL 6 doesn't have this support. OL 7 does have such a compiler, so these instructions are not needed for that version.

For OL 6 the easist way to get a new compiler is from the Software Collection Library (SCL). You enable the software collection yum channel, run a yum install command, and then the compiler is immediately available to use. Detailed installation SCL instructions are in the manual.

The steps below show how to install node-oracledb on Oracle Linux 6 for Node.js 4 or later.

Enabling the Software Collection Library

If you are using (formerly known as then edit /etc/yum.repos.d/public-yum-ol6.repo and enable the ol6_software_collections channel:

  name=Software Collection Library release 1.2 packages for Oracle Linux 6 (x86_64)

If necessary, you can get the latest channel list from and merge any updates from it into your existing /etc/yum.repos.d/public-yum-ol6.repo file.

Alternatively, if your machine has a ULN support subscription, you can subscribe to the Oracle Software Collections 1.2 for Oracle Linux 6 channel in the Manage Subscription page on

Installing the Updated Compiler

Once the channel is enabled, install the updated compiler with:

  yum install scl-utils devtoolset-3

This will install a number of packages that comprise the complete, updated tool set.

Installing node-oracledb

Installing node-oracledb on Node 4 (or later) is the same as in install instuctions, but using the new compiler. The Oracle Linux manual chapter Using the Software Collection Version of a Command shows various ways to enable the dev toolset.

In summary, to install node-oracledb on Node 4 or later using Oracle Linux 6, first install an Oracle client such as Instant Client. If you have anything except the Instant Client RPM packages, tell the installer where the libraries and header files are located, for example:

  export OCI_LIB_DIR=$HOME/instantclient
  export OCI_INC_DIR=$HOME/instantclient/sdk/include

If you are behind a firewall, set your proxy:

  export http_proxy=

In my development environments I often find some cleanup helps:

  which npm && rm -rf $(npm root)/oracledb $(npm root)/nan $HOME/.node-gyp $HOME/.npm \
        && npm cache clean

Now node-oracledb can be installed using the newer compiler:

  scl enable devtoolset-3 -- npm install oracledb

Using Node

Now you can use Node:

  $ node version.js 
  node.js version: v4.4.3
  node-oracledb version: 10900
  node-oracledb text format: 1.9.0
  oracle client library version: 1201000200
  oracle client library text format:
  oracle database version: 1201000200
  oracle database text format:

  $ cat /etc/oracle-release 
  oracle linux server release 6.7

Thursday Oct 24, 2013

PHP PECL OCI8 2.0 Production Release Announcement

The PHP OCI8 2.0.6 extension for Oracle Database is now "production" status. The source code is available on PECL. This can be used immediately to update your OCI8 extension in PHP 5.2 and later versions. The extension compiles with Oracle 10.2 or later client libraries. Oracle's standard cross-version database connectivity applies.

OCI8 2.0 and PHP 5.5.5 RPMs for Oracle and Red Hat Linux are available from Windows DLLs are available on PECL for PHP 5.3, PHP 5.4 and PHP 5.5.

OCI8 2.0 source code will also be automatically included in the next major version of PHP.

New Functionality

  • Oracle Database 12c Implicit Result Set support. IRS's make it easy to pass query results back from stored PL/SQL procedures or anonymous PL/SQL blocks. Individual IRS statement resources, each corresponding to a single query, can be obtained with the new function oci_get_implicit_resultset(). These 'child' statement resources can be passed to any oci_fetch_* function. See Using PHP and Oracle Database 12c Implicit Result Sets and the PHP Manual: oci_get_implicit_resultset().

  • DTrace Dynamic Trace static probes. This well respected DTrace tracing framework is available on a number of platforms, including Oracle Linux. PHP OCI8 static user-space probes can be enabled with PHP's --enable-dtrace configuration option. See Using PHP DTrace on Oracle Linux. Documentation is also available in the PHP Manual OCI8 and DTrace Dynamic Tracing

Improved Functionality

  • Using oci_execute($s, OCI_NO_AUTO_COMMIT) for a SELECT no longer unnecessarily initiates an internal ROLLBACK during connection close. This can improve overall scalability by reducing "round trips" between PHP and the database.

Changed Functionality

  • PHP OCI8 2.0's minimum pre-requisites are now PHP 5.2 and Oracle client library 10.2. Later versions of both are usable and, in fact, recommended. Use the older PHP OCI8 1.4.10 extension when using PHP 4.3.9 through to PHP 5.1.x, or when only Oracle Database 9.2 client libraries are available.

  • oci_set_*($connection, ...) meta data setting call error handling is fixed so that oci_error($connection) works for these calls.

Note: The old, deprecated function aliases like ocilogon still exist but are not recommended for new applications.

Phpinfo() Changes

Some cosmetic changes were made to the output of php --ri oci8 and the phpinfo() function.

  • The oci8.event and oci8.connection_class values are now shown only when the Oracle client libraries support the respective functionality.

  • Connection statistics are now in a separate phpinfo() table.

  • Temporary LOB and Collection support status lines in phpinfo() output were removed. These two features have always been enabled since 2007.

Oci_internal_debug() Changes

  • The oci_internal_debug() function is now a no-op. Use PHP's --enable-dtrace functionality with DTrace or SystemTap instead.



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