Monday Aug 17, 2015

Node-oracledb goes 1.0: The Node.js add-on for Oracle Database

Announcement

Today Oracle released node-oracledb 1.0, the Node.js add-on to enable high performance Oracle Database applications.

Node-oracledb is available from npmjs.com and GitHub.

Each month or so, since our first code bundle was pushed to GitHub earlier this year, we released a node-oracledb update with new functionality. The adoption has been exciting, with important applications already in production. This is our eighth release of node-oracledb and promises to be our best received so far.

The node-oracledb 1.0 add-on for Node.js supports standard and advanced features:

Oracle enhances, maintains and supports node-oracledb via open source channels (i.e. GitHub), similar to Oracle Database drivers for other open source languages. The add-on is under the Apache 2.0 license.

Where to get node-oracledb

The Oracle Technology Network Node.js Developer Center has all the links and information you need to start using node-oracledb.

To jump start, follow these instructions to install node-oracledb.

Changes since the previous release

The major changes in node-oracledb 1.0 since the previous release are:

  • The Stream interface for CLOB and BLOB types was implemented, adding support for LOB queries, inserts, and PL/SQL LOB bind variables. As well as being needed for working with many legacy schemas, having LOB support lets application developers use Oracle Database 12.1.0.2's JSON data type without running into the length limitation of VARCHAR2 storage.

    Customers have been contacting me what seems like every day, asking when LOB support would be available, and pleading for early access. Here it is, and it looks great. We'll be continuing to run load tests, benchmark it, and to enhance it.

    To see how to use LOBs with node-oracledb, checkout the node-oracledb Lob documentation and LOB examples

    General information about Oracle Database JSON support can be found in the documentation or on the JSON team blog.

  • Added Oracledb.fetchAsString and a new execute() property fetchInfo to allow numbers, dates, and ROWIDs to be fetched as strings. These features, available at the application level (for dates and numbers), and per-statement level (for dates, numbers and ROWIDs), can help overcome JavaScript limitations of representation and conversion.

  • Added support for binding DATE, TIMESTAMP, and TIMESTAMP WITH LOCAL TIME ZONE as DATE to DML RETURNING (aka RETURNING INTO) type. You can also bind these types as STRING.

  • The internal Oracle client character set is now always set to AL32UTF8. There's no longer a need to set it externally via NLS_LANG. A related bug with multibyte data reported by users was fixed by correcting the allocation of some internal buffers. Overall the NLS experience is much more consistent.

  • The test suite's and example database credentials can now be set via environment variables. A small change to help testing in automatically provisioned environments. Our test suite already has great coverage numbers, and will continue to be enhanced in future releases.

  • Bug fixes to node-oracledb. These are listed in the CHANGELOG.

What next?

Being an open source project in a dynamically changing environment, our statement of direction has been a brief, flexible goal: We are actively working on supporting Oracle Database features, and on functionality requests from users involved in the project. Our priority list is re-evaluated for each point release.

So now we have version 1.0, what next? This is just the start. There are plenty of important and interesting tasks in front of us. We will begin with a review of the project, from our development processes, the driver functionality, right through to distribution. This review will determine our next tasks. Hearing from users is crucial for prioritization, so don't hesitate to comment at GitHub.

Node.js is undergoing a surge of change at the moment, with the io.js re-merger, and the formation of the Node.js Foundation. As the merged Node.js code base stabilizes and the Foundation's LTS plans solidify, we will be able to be more formal about node-oracledb's schedule. We will work with Node.js and with partners to bring you the best experience. (On a technical note, the V2 release of the compatibility layer NAN was made in the last few days, too late for us to incorporate in node-oracledb 1.0. So, support of the latest, bleeding edge io.js will be in a future node-oracledb version.)

Let me wrap up this announcement by appreciating the growing node-oracledb community, particularly those who have contributed to node-oracledb with code, suggestions and discussions.

Monday Jul 20, 2015

node-oracledb 0.7.0 now supports Result Sets and REF CURSORS

A new release of the Node.js driver for Oracle Database is now on npmjs.com and GitHub.

node-oracledb 0.7 connects Node.js 0.10, Node.js 0.12, and io.js to Oracle Database. It runs on a number of platforms. For more information about node-oracledb see the node-oracledb GitHub page.

The changes in 0.7 are:

  • Added result set support for fetching large data sets. Rows from queries can now be fetched in batches using a ResultSet class. This allows large query results to be fetched without requiring all values to be in memory at once. New getRow() and getRows() methods can be called repeatedly to scroll through the query results.

    The original node-oracledb behavior of returning all rows at once remains the default. To return a resultSet, use the new execute() option { resultSet: true }. For example:

    //  (See the full code in examples/resultset2.js)
    
    . . .
    
    var numRows = 10;  // number of rows to return from each call to getRows()
    
    connection.execute(
      "SELECT employee_id, last_name FROM employees ORDER BY employee_id",
      [], // no bind variables
      { resultSet: true }, // return a result set.  Default is false
      function(err, result)
      {
        if (err) { . . . }
        fetchRowsFromRS(connection, result.resultSet, numRows);
      });
    });
    
    . . .
    
    function fetchRowsFromRS(connection, resultSet, numRows)
    {
      resultSet.getRows( // get numRows rows
        numRows,
        function (err, rows)
        {
          if (err) {
             . . .                        // close the result set and release the connection
          } else if (rows.length == 0) {  // no rows, or no more rows
            . . .                         // close the result set and release the connection
          } else if (rows.length > 0) {
            console.log(rows);
            fetchRowsFromRS(connection, resultSet, numRows);  // get next set of rows
          }
        });
    }
    

    It's important to use the new resultSet close() method to close the result set when no more data is available or required.

    There is more information on Result Sets in the manual.

  • Added REF CURSOR support for returning query results from PL/SQL. PL/SQL code that returns REFCURSOR results via bind parameters can now bind a new node-oracledb type Oracledb.CURSOR and fetch the results using the new ResultSet class.

    //  (See the full code in examples/refcursor.js)
    
    var oracledb = require('oracledb');
    
    . . .
    
    var numRows = 10;  // number of rows to return from each call to getRows()
    
    var bindvars = {
      sal:  6000,
      cursor:  { type: oracledb.CURSOR, dir: oracledb.BIND_OUT }
    }
    
    connection.execute(
      "BEGIN get_emp_rs(:sal, :cursor); END;",  // The PL/SQL has an OUT bind of type SYS_REFCURSOR
      bindvars,
      function(err, result)
      {
        if (err) { . . . }
        fetchRowsFromRS(connection, result.outBinds.cursor, numRows);
      });
    
    . . .
    
    function fetchRowsFromRS(connection, resultSet, numRows)
    {
      resultSet.getRows( // get numRows rows
        numRows,
        function (err, rows)
        {
          if (err) {
             . . .                        // close the result set and release the connection
          } else if (rows.length == 0) {  // no rows, or no more rows
            . . .                         // close the result set and release the connection
          } else if (rows.length > 0) {
            console.log(rows);
            fetchRowsFromRS(connection, resultSet, numRows);  // get next set of rows
          }
        });
    }
    

    There is more information on using REF CURSORS in the manual.

  • Added row prefetching support. The new ResultSet class supports prefetching via a new attribute oracledb.prefetchRows and a new execute() option prefetchRows. Each time the application fetches query or REF CURSOR rows in a ResultSet from Oracle Database, prefetching allows the underlying Oracle libraries to transfer extra rows. This allows better use of database and network resources, improving performance and scalability. Regardless of the prefetch size, the number of rows returned to the application does not change. Buffering is handled by the underlying Oracle client library.

    The default prefetch size is 100 extra rows. Applications should tune the prefetch size used by each execute() for desired performance and/or to avoid allocating and initializing unused memory. There are some more tips in the manual.

    With node-oracledb 0.7.0, non-ResultSet queries now use prefetching with a fixed size of 2. This should reduce the number of round trips required for these queries.

  • Added a test suite. Yay! See the README in the tests directory for how to run the tests. When you run the test suite, you'll notice each test has a unique number for ease of identification. The numbers are not necessarily sequential.

    We do most testing on Linux and Windows. If you see test output differences due to environment or version differences, please sign the OCA and submit a pull request with the fix and an explanation of why it is needed. See CONTRIBUTING.

    If you submit new tests (after signing the OCA), assign each one a unique number in the documented range that applies to the area being tested.

  • Fixed error handling for SQL statements using RETURNING INTO. A bug causing all errors with DML RETURNING statements to report the same error message was fixed.

  • Fixed INSERT of a date when the SQL has a RETURNING INTO clause. When using an INSERT to insert a date or timestamp and the SQL clause had a RETURNING INTO clause for character or number columns, then an error was being thrown. This has been fixed.

  • Renumbered the values used by the Oracledb Constants. If your application uses constant names such as Oracledb.OBJECT or Oracledb.BIND_INOUT then you won't notice the change. However if, for some reason, code has hardcoded numbers like 2, then you will have to update to use the new numbers, see lib/oracledb.js. Or, better, change the code to use the constants' names.

Monday Jun 22, 2015

Python cx_Oracle 5.2 driver for Oracle Database has been released

Anthony Tuininga just released an updated Python cx_Oracle 5.2 driver for Oracle Database. This release brings a number of enhancements, many of them for Oracle Database 12c features such as longer VARCHARS.

cx_Oracle 5.2 is the first release Oracle has contributed code for (thanks Avinash!) so we're pretty happy all around. And a big thank you to all the other contributors and users who have made this release possible.

The new code features are:

  • Support for Oracle Database 12c strings up to 32k characters.
  • Support for LOB values larger than 4 GB.
  • Support for Oracle Database 12c array DML row counts.
  • Support for fetching batch errors.
  • Support for connections as SYSASM.
  • Added types NCHAR, FIXED_NCHAR and LONG_NCHAR to replace the types UNICODE, FIXED_UNICODE and LONG_UNICODE (which are now deprecated). These types are available in Python 3 as well so they can be used to specify the use of NCHAR type fields when binding or using setinputsizes().
  • Support for building without any configuration changes to the machine when using instant client RPMs on Linux.
  • Fixed session releasing to the pool when calling connection.close() (Issue #2)
  • Fixed binding of booleans in Python 3.x.
  • Added __version__ attribute to conform with PEP 396.
  • Fixed handling of datetime intervals (Issue #7)

The complete release notes are here.

My favorite feature is the installation improvement. (Disclaimer: I contributed the initial implementation!) With this change, Instant Client RPMS on Linux can now be used. The best bit is cx_Oracle will automatically locate Instant Client and will then also automatically build using rpath. The installation of cx_Oracle on Linux is now as simple as installing the Instant Client Basic & SDK RPMs, and running 'pip install cx_Oracle'. No need to set ORACLE_HOME during installation. No need to set LD_LIBRARY_PATH at runtime. If you have a Linux ULN support subscription you can install Instant Client via yum, which makes it even simpler.

Users of Database Resident Connection Pooling will like the connection.close() fix since it allows DRCP to be used effectively without requiring a cx_Oracle session pool.

In summary the cx_Oracle 5.2 release adds great features to the already impressive Oracle Database support available to Python applications. Application development and deployment just got better.

Resources:

Thanks again to Anthony, Avinash and all the contributors who have made cx_Oracle so good.

Tuesday May 26, 2015

node-oracledb 0.6.0 is on NPM (Node.js driver for Oracle Database)

Node-oracledb 0.6.0 is now out on NPM. The Oracle Database Node.js driver powers high performance Node.js applications.

There is one feature change in this release: node-oracledb now builds with Node.js 0.10, 0.12 and with io.js. Huge thanks to Richard Natal for his GitHub pull request that added support.

For more information about node-oracledb see the node-oracledb GitHub page.

Friday May 08, 2015

node-oracledb 0.5.0 is on NPM (Node.js driver for Oracle Database)

It's been a long time between drinks so we are bringing out the 0.5.0 Preview Release version of the Node.js driver for Oracle Database, warts and all.

  • Changed the isAutoCommit attribute name to autoCommit.

    Changed the isExternalAuth attribute name to externalAuth.

    These two small attribute name changes break backwards compatibility with node-oracledb 0.4.2. A simple search and replace in your code base is all that is needed to migrate to 0.5.0.

    We wanted to make these changes while the driver is still technically in a Preview Release status. I warned about the change in a GitHub post.

  • Fixed outBinds array counting to not give empty array entries for IN binds. When a bind-by-position -style array of values is passed in as the execute() function bind parameter, the resulting outBinds array used to contain empty positions corresponding to each IN bind. Now it just has the OUT binds. Your code may need updating.

  • Added support for "DML RETURNING" bind variables like UPDATE test SET NAME = 'abc' RETURNING id INTO :idbv. See the documentation for details. Make sure that maxSize is big enough for any STRING OUT binds otherwise you will get an error. We're continuing to investigate some edge cases with this code but wanted to get it out for early adopters to look at. Again, this is a preview release.

  • Rectified the error message for invalid type properties.

  • To help you keep track of changes, a CHANGELOG file was added.

For more information about node-oracledb see the node-oracledb GitHub page.

Saturday Mar 28, 2015

node-oracledb 0.4.2 is on NPM (Node.js driver for Oracle Database)

The 0.4.2 version of the Node.js driver for Oracle Database is out.

  • Node-oracledb is now officially on the npmjs.com repository. This simplifies the Install instructions by removing the need to manually clone or download from GitHub. Thanks to Tim Branyen for setting this up and handing over stewardship to us.

  • Metadata support was added. Column names are now provided in the execute() callback result object. See the doc example.

  • We saw a few people try to use strangely old versions of Node 0.10. I've bumped up the lower limit requirement a bit. It won't force you to use the latest Node.js 0.10 patch set but you really should keep up to date with security fixes.

    If you want to build with Node 0.12, there is a community contributed patch from Richard Natal that can be found here. This patch also allows node-oracledb to work with io.js.

  • The default Instant Client directory on AIX was changed from /opt/oracle/instantclient_12_1 to /opt/oracle/instantclient. This now matches the default of other platforms.

  • One other small change was some improvements to the Windows install documentation.

Yes, work is continuing behind the scenes on other features.

Friday Mar 13, 2015

node-oracledb 0.4.1 is on GitHub (Node.js driver for Oracle Database)

Just a few small changes in this update of the Node.js driver for Oracle Database.

  • Support for External authentication was added This closes Issue #15.

  • The isAutoCommit flags now works with query execution. This is useful in cases where multiple DML statements are executed followed by a SELECT statement. This can be used to avoid a round trip to the database that an explicit call to commit() would add.

  • Added AIX build support to package.json. Thanks to Hannes Prirschl for submitting a pull request.

  • Errors messages when using properties that are out of range have been improved

  • Numerous API doc updates. Thanks to Greg Huang, BuiltInParris, mello151, and others for instigating some of these changes.

  • Fixed a bug: When terminate() of a connection pool fails because connections have not yet been closed, subsequent use of release() to close those connections no longer gives an error "ORA-24550: Signal Received".

  • Thanks go to krishnanm86 for a code cleanup pull request.

Bigger features (e.g. LOBS and RETURNING INTO) that I know you really, really want are still being worked on - have patience!

Monday Feb 16, 2015

node-oracledb 0.3.1 is on GitHub (Node.js driver for Oracle Database)

On behalf of the development team, I have merged some new features and fixes to node-oracledb

Updates for node-oracledb 0.3.1

  • Added Windows build configuration. See Node-oracledb Installation on Windows. Thanks to Rinie Kervel for submitting a pull request, and thanks to all those that commented and tested.
  • Added Database Resident Connection Pooling (DRCP) support. See API Documentation for the Oracle Database Node.js Driver

    "Database Resident Connection Pooling enables database resource sharing for applications that run in multiple client processes or run on multiple middle-tier application servers. DRCP reduces the overall number of connections that a database must handle. DRCP is distinct from node-oracledb's local connection pool. The two pools can be used separately, or together.
  • Made an explicit connection release() do a rollback, to be consistent with the implicit release behavior.

  • Made install on Linux look for Oracle libraries in a search order:

    • Using install-time environment variables $OCI_LIB_DIR and $OCI_INC_DIR
    • In the highest version Instant Client RPMs installed
    • In $ORACLE_HOME
    • In /opt/oracle/instantclient
  • Added RPATH support on Linux, so LD_LIBRARY_PATH doesn't always need to be set. See Advanced installation on Linux

  • The directory name used by the installer for the final attempt at locating an Instant Client directory is now /opt/oracle/instantclient or C:\oracle\instantclient. This path may be used if OCI_DIR_LIB and OCI_INC_LIB are not set and the installer has to guess where the libraries are.

  • Added a compile error message "Oracle 11.2 or later client libraries are required for building" if attempting to build with older Oracle client libraries. This helps developers self-diagnose this class of build problem.

  • Fixed setting the isAutoCommit property.

  • Fixed a crash using pooled connections on Windows.

  • Fixed a crash querying object types.

  • Fixed a crash doing a release after a failed terminate. (The Pool is still unusable - this will be fixed later)

  • Clarified documentation that terminate() doesn't release connections. Doing an explicit release() of each pooled connection that is no longer needed is recommended to avoid resource leaks and maximize pool usage.

  • Updated version to 0.3.1 (surprise!)

Thursday Oct 24, 2013

PHP PECL OCI8 2.0 Production Release Announcement

The PHP OCI8 2.0.6 extension for Oracle Database is now "production" status. The source code is available on PECL. This can be used immediately to update your OCI8 extension in PHP 5.2 and later versions. The extension compiles with Oracle 10.2 or later client libraries. Oracle's standard cross-version database connectivity applies.

OCI8 2.0 and PHP 5.5.5 RPMs for Oracle and Red Hat Linux are available from oss.oracle.com. Windows DLLs are available on PECL for PHP 5.3, PHP 5.4 and PHP 5.5.

OCI8 2.0 source code will also be automatically included in the next major version of PHP.

New Functionality

  • Oracle Database 12c Implicit Result Set support. IRS's make it easy to pass query results back from stored PL/SQL procedures or anonymous PL/SQL blocks. Individual IRS statement resources, each corresponding to a single query, can be obtained with the new function oci_get_implicit_resultset(). These 'child' statement resources can be passed to any oci_fetch_* function. See Using PHP and Oracle Database 12c Implicit Result Sets and the PHP Manual: oci_get_implicit_resultset().

  • DTrace Dynamic Trace static probes. This well respected DTrace tracing framework is available on a number of platforms, including Oracle Linux. PHP OCI8 static user-space probes can be enabled with PHP's --enable-dtrace configuration option. See Using PHP DTrace on Oracle Linux. Documentation is also available in the PHP Manual OCI8 and DTrace Dynamic Tracing

Improved Functionality

  • Using oci_execute($s, OCI_NO_AUTO_COMMIT) for a SELECT no longer unnecessarily initiates an internal ROLLBACK during connection close. This can improve overall scalability by reducing "round trips" between PHP and the database.

Changed Functionality

  • PHP OCI8 2.0's minimum pre-requisites are now PHP 5.2 and Oracle client library 10.2. Later versions of both are usable and, in fact, recommended. Use the older PHP OCI8 1.4.10 extension when using PHP 4.3.9 through to PHP 5.1.x, or when only Oracle Database 9.2 client libraries are available.

  • oci_set_*($connection, ...) meta data setting call error handling is fixed so that oci_error($connection) works for these calls.

Note: The old, deprecated function aliases like ocilogon still exist but are not recommended for new applications.

Phpinfo() Changes

Some cosmetic changes were made to the output of php --ri oci8 and the phpinfo() function.

  • The oci8.event and oci8.connection_class values are now shown only when the Oracle client libraries support the respective functionality.

  • Connection statistics are now in a separate phpinfo() table.

  • Temporary LOB and Collection support status lines in phpinfo() output were removed. These two features have always been enabled since 2007.

Oci_internal_debug() Changes

  • The oci_internal_debug() function is now a no-op. Use PHP's --enable-dtrace functionality with DTrace or SystemTap instead.

References

Thursday Jul 25, 2013

PHP OCI8 2.0.0-devel for Oracle Database is on PECL

PHP OCI8 2.0.0-devel is now available on PECL (and in the PHP 'master' branch). This is a development release, so changes may occur. I'm looking for feedback, particularly on:

  • Feature design, including naming choices
  • Install feedback from different platforms with different build tool versions
  • Whether to drop support for installing on PHP 4. I'm likely to do this. (The OCI8 1.4.10 release is usable for installing on PHP 4)

OCI8 2.0 can be installed as a shared extension from PECL with:

pecl install oci8-devel

Alternatively, if you have OCI8 1.x currently installed as a static extension, then you will need to build PHP again. This is easy using a trunk snapshot from snaps.php.net. Instructions for building are in various places on the web, including in The Underground PHP and Oracle Manual.

The OCI8 2.0.0-devel release contains a bunch of clean ups, and some new and changed features. The full list is found in the package.xml file:

    - NEW FUNCTIONALITY:
 
      - Added Implicit Result Set support for Oracle Database 12c.
	Streaming of all IRS's returned from a PL/SQL block is available
	via oci_fetch_array, oci_fetch_assoc, oci_fetch_object and
	oci_fetch_row (but not oci_fetch or oci_fetch_all).
	Alternatively individual IRS statement resources can be obtained
	with the new function 'oci_get_implicit_resultset' and passed to
	any oci_fetch_* function.

      - Added DTrace probes enabled with PHP's generic --enable-dtrace

    - IMPROVED FUNCTIONALITY:
 
      - Using 'oci_execute($s, OCI_NO_AUTO_COMMIT)' for a SELECT no
	longer unnecessarily initiates an internal ROLLBACK during
	connection close.  This can improve overall scalability by
	reducing "round trips" between PHP and the database.
 
    - CHANGED FUNCTIONALITY:
 
      - PHPINFO() CHANGES:
 
        - The oci8.event and oci8.connection_class values are now shown
          only when the Oracle client libraries support the respective
          functionality.
 
        - Connection statistics are now in a separate phpinfo() table.
 
        - Temporary LOB and Collection support status lines in
          phpinfo() were removed.  These features have always been
          enabled since 2007.
 
      - OCI_INTERNAL_DEBUG() CHANGES:
 
        - The oci_internal_debug() function is now a no-op.  Use PHP's
          --enable-dtrace functionality with DTrace or SystemTap instead.
 
    - INTERNAL CHANGES:
 
      - Fixed a potential NULL pointer dereference flagged by Parfait
        static code analysis.
 
      - Extended testing of existing OCI8 functionality.
 
      - Improved test output portability when using the PHP development
        web server to run tests.
 
      - Removed no-longer necessary Unicode patterns from tests
        (vestiges of PHP's previous PHP 6 project)
        
      - Improved build portability by removing compilation type cast
        warnings with some compilers.
 
      - Fixed compilation warnings when building with Oracle 9.2
        client libraries.
 
      - Updated code to use internal macro PHP_OCI_REGISTER_RESOURCE.
 
      - Regularized code prototypes and fixed some in-line documentation
        prototypes.
 
      - Fixed code folding. 

Subsequent blog posts will talk about the features in OCI8 2.0.0.

Tuesday Mar 13, 2012

PHP 5.4.0 RPMs for 64bit Oracle Linux 5.x are available

I've published some vanilla PHP 5.4.0 RPMs to make new feature testing easier for Oracle Linux 5.x 64 bit users. The standard set of RPMs is at oss.oracle.com/projects/php. The OCI8 extension is also available (this requires the free Oracle Instant Client 11.2 from ULN or OTN.)

Some of the features of PHP 5.4 are:

  • Improved memory usage and performance. Some impressive preliminary reports of the benefits include: http://news.php.net/php.internals/57760 and http://news.php.net/php.internals/57747.

  • File Upload progress support is natively implemented.

  • Support for Traits now allows code reuse:

        trait t1 {
    	function m1() { echo "hi"; }
    	function m2() { echo "bye"; }
        }
    
        class my_c1 {
    	use t1;
    	/*...*/
        }
    
        class my_c2 extends c2 {
    	use t1;
    	/*...*/
        }
    
  • A built-in HTTP server for development is included:

      php -S 127.0.0.1:8888
    
  • Improvements were made to the interactive PHP shell (when PHP is compiled with readline).

  • A shortened array syntax was introduced: $a = [1,2,3];

  • The default character set for several internal functions was changed to UTF-8.

  • Support for multibyte languages is now configurable at run-time instead of compile-time.

  • The value echo tag "<?=" is now always on.

  • Binary number support was added.

  • DTrace support was added.

  • A new typehint indicates a function argument must be callable.

  • Session entropy uses /dev/urandom or /dev/arandom by default for extra security if either is present at compile time.

  • Function call results can now be immediately dereferenced as arrays: foo()[0]

  • Class members can be accessed on instantiation: (new foo)->method()

For more changes see the migration documentation.

Thursday Jan 12, 2012

PHP 5.3.9 RPMs Available for Testing

I've updated my relatively "vanilla" PHP 5 RPMs to 5.3.9 on oss.oracle.com/projects/php. They are built for Oracle Linux 5.7 (and RHEL 5.7). I've included the OCI8 extension for Oracle DB, of course. The various MySQL extension are there and use the mysqlnd driver, so installation doesn't require any client-side MySQL libraries. Note the PHP 5.3.9 RPMs are for testing only. For production users I recommend Zend Server.

Wednesday Jan 11, 2012

PHP OCI8 1.4.7 is available on PECL

Following on the heels of the PHP 5.3.9 release, I've bundled OCI8 1.4.7 for PECL. The PECL OCI8 1.4.7 code is the same as included in PHP 5.3.9 and can be used to update older PHP installations. The release notes are here. There are several bug fixes; upgrading is recommended.

Saturday Sep 03, 2011

Oracle 11.2 XE with newly updated PHP Developer's Guide is available

Oracle Database 11g Release 2 Express Edition aka "Oracle XE" is now available on Linux 64 bit and Windows 32 bit. This is a free version of the Oracle Database. Windows 64 bit is "in the works" but Linux 32 bit is not planned.

Check out the newly updated Oracle Database Express Edition 2 Day + PHP Developer's Guide. As well as HTML and PDF variants, the manual is available in Mobi and EPUB formats.

The 2 Day + PHP manual has steps for installing PHP and walks through creating an introductory application. It shows different ways to interact with Oracle XE and introduces PHP 5.3 features.

The example shows the mechanics of DB interaction. It builds the application from the ground up so you can understand how to construct your own high performance applications. If you want to continue the learning path and use a PHP framework, Oracle 11g XE works with the Developing a PHP Web Application with Oracle Database 11g training.

The Oracle 11.2 XE Linux install is RPM based. It takes just a few minutes to install, prompting only for a few necessary details such as desired passwords and ports. You need root access to install it.

Oracle 11.2 XE supports DRCP connection pooling so you'll really be able to maximize the small footprint database for PHP applications.

Readers who want to dive deeper into detail about PHP and advanced features available in other editions of Oracle Database might be interested in the later sections of the Underground PHP and Oracle Manual.

Wednesday May 11, 2011

PHP 5.4 is Gathering Momentum

Discussion on the PHP mail lists and IRC channels in the past few days has been looking positive about an alpha release of PHP 5.4 soon. This will be taken from the "trunk" branch of PHP. The exact feature list is under discussion but the mood seems to be "ship what we currently have" though a couple of features are slated to be deferred until later.

A paragraph from a post by Rasmus Lerdorf on PHP's "internals" mail list is worth re-broadcasting. Rasmus is more than willing to grant PHP karma to encourage contributions:

And if you can't figure out how to fix a test, post the details here. I'd love to point some of the obvious talents and energy of this list towards the code. If you don't have an svn account for committing your fixed test, go to http://www.php.net/svn-php.php and fill in the little form at the bottom there and put in the test that you fixed and a 1-liner about how you fixed it and I will set you up with an account right away. Info on how to check out the code from svn is here: https://wiki.php.net/vcs/svnfaq

So, you can easily become a contributor to PHP, which would look great on your resume.

If SVN seems daunting you can run PHP tests from the normal snapshots and release bundles too.

To discuss test issues you can subscribe to the PHP internals and QA mail lists at http://php.net/mailing-lists.php

About

Tourists looking out over an Opal mine
I'm a Product Manager in Server Technologies, working on scripting languages and developer-access.
Email: christopher.jones@oracle.com
Twitter: http://twitter.com/ghrd
Links: OTN Node.js Developer Center
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