Quick Local Repository

Solaris 11 Express makes it pretty easy to set up a local copy of the repository. However, the full repository is several gigabytes large, so that in itself can be a deterrent, especially if you're just looking to install a couple of packages.

A common reason folks need access to a local repository is because their system is not connected to the Internet. In this example I will show you how to create a local repository, receive files into it, copy that repository to another machine, install it as a publisher and finally install the software. My real world use case for this blog was my need to install software from an internal Oracle repository to an machine not connected to the Oracle network. However, for this example I'll use the public repository as my example and the Tomcat web server as the software I want to make available to the remote machine.

Step 1: Create a Repository

The first step is to create the repository to host the packages. This repository will then be copied to the remote machine. This is easily accomplished with the pkgrepo command. Here I'm creating a repository off of my home directory:

bleonard@solaris:~$ pkgrepo create ~/repo

This basically creates a directory, repo, with a single file, pkg5.repository:

bleonard@solaris:~$ cat repo/pkg5.repository 
[publisher]
prefix = 

[CONFIGURATION]
version = 4

[repository]
version = 4

Note, there's no command to delete the repository. As it's a file based repository, just delete the directory:

bleonard@solaris:~$ rm -r repo

Step 2: Receive the Packages into the Repository

The next step is to receive the packages into the new repository. For this I will use the pkgrecv command. If the repository you want to receive the packages from is not configured as a publisher, you can also specify that on the command line. In addition, you can use the -r option to recursively grab all of the package's dependencies. Beware, however, that depending on the package, this may end up downloading most of the repository. For this example I'm going to grab the Apache Tomcat server, sans dependencies:

bleonard@solaris:~$ pkgrecv -s http://pkg.oracle.com/solaris/release -d ~/repo web/java-servlet/tomcat web/java-servlet/tomcat/tomcat-examples
Processing packages for publisher solaris ...
Retrieving and evaluating 2 package(s)...                      
PROCESS                                         ITEMS     GET (MB)    SEND (MB)
Completed                                         2/2    10.4/10.4    13.5/13.5

Step 3: Copy the Repository to the Remote Machine

You could use your favorite approach for copying files. In this example, I'm going to use scp:

oracle@solaris:~$ scp -r bleonard@10.0.1.3:repo repo
The authenticity of host '10.0.1.3 (10.0.1.3)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is f7:1d:2c:d7:24:e3:1c:57:53:0f:59:75:31:4a:0f:7d.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '10.0.1.3' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
Password: 
ndd: No such file or directory
pkg5.repository      100% |*****************************|    78       00:00    
19bd9e48c1f7ce9a2bb6 100% |*****************************|   541       00:00    
...
catalog.dependency.C 100% |*****************************|  1055       00:00    
6.0.28%2C5.11-0.151. 100% |*****************************| 45641       00:00    
6.0.28%2C5.11-0.151. 100% |*****************************| 71145       00:00    
6.0.20%2C5.11-0.133% 100% |*****************************|   419       00:00    

You can check the status of the new repo:

oracle@solaris:~$ pkgrepo info -s ~/repo
PUBLISHER PACKAGES STATUS           UPDATED
solaris   3        online           2011-06-07T20:38:51.166088Z

Note, searches against the repository will initially fail:

oracle@solaris:~$ pkg search -s file:///home/oracle/repo tomcat
pkg: Some repositories failed to respond appropriately:
solaris:
file protocol error: code: 11 reason: Search temporarily unavailable.
Repository URL: 'file:///home/oracle/repo'. (happened 4 times

This can be corrected by refreshing the index:

oracle@solaris:~$ pkgrepo refresh -s ~/repo
Repository refresh initiated.

oracle@solaris:~$ pkg search -s file:///home/oracle/repo tomcat
INDEX           ACTION VALUE                                               PACKAGE
description     set    Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container                        pkg:/web/java-servlet/tomcat@6.0.28-0.151.0.1
description     set    Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container - example applications pkg:/web/java-servlet/tomcat/tomcat-examples@6.0.28-0.151.0.1
pkg.description set    Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container                        pkg:/web/java-servlet/tomcat@6.0.28-0.151.0.1
pkg.description set    Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container - example applications pkg:/web/java-servlet/tomcat/tomcat-examples@6.0.28-0.151.0.1
pkg.summary     set    Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container                        pkg:/web/java-servlet/tomcat@6.0.28-0.151.0.1
pkg.summary     set    Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container - example applications pkg:/web/java-servlet/tomcat/tomcat-examples@6.0.28-0.151.0.1
pkg.fmri        set    solaris/web/java-servlet/tomcat                     pkg:/web/java-servlet/tomcat@6.0.28-0.151.0.1

To see all the packages in the repository:

oracle@solaris:~$ pkg search -p -s file:///home/oracle/repo '*'
PACKAGE                                                       PUBLISHER
pkg:/SUNWtcat-examples@6.0.20-0.133                           solaris
pkg:/web/java-servlet/tomcat/tomcat-examples@6.0.28-0.151.0.1 solaris
pkg:/web/java-servlet/tomcat@6.0.28-0.151.0.1                 solaris

Step 4: Add the Repository as a Publisher

Since the packages are from the default 'solaris' repository, we're just going to add a new origin to the existing configured repository. We'll then remove the default origin of http://pkg.oracle.com/solaris/release (since theoretically we can't connect to it anyway). If the packages were from a new or unconfigured repository, you would use the -p option instead:

oracle@solaris:~$ sudo pkg set-publisher -g file:///home/oracle/repo solaris

oracle@solaris:~$ sudo pkg set-publisher -G http://pkg.oracle.com/solaris/release/ solaris

oracle@solaris:~$ pkg publisher
PUBLISHER                             TYPE     STATUS   URI
solaris                  (preferred)  origin   online   file:///home/oracle/repo/

Step 5: Install Software

oracle@solaris:~$ sudo pkg install tomcat tomcat-examples
Password: 
               Packages to install:     2
           Create boot environment:    No
               Services to restart:     1
DOWNLOAD                                  PKGS       FILES    XFER (MB)
Completed                                  2/2     475/475      5.8/5.8

PHASE                                        ACTIONS
Install Phase                                610/610 

PHASE                                          ITEMS
Package State Update Phase                       2/2 
Image State Update Phase                         2/2 

In this particular case, we'll start the Tomcat server:

oracle@solaris:~$ sudo svcadm enable tomcat6


Comments:

Absolutely informative article. Just one minor thing:

"Step 3: Copy the Repository to the Remove Machine" - a typo which caught my eye.

Keep up the good work!

Posted by Artur on March 26, 2013 at 11:30 AM GMT #

Fixed -- thanks!

Posted by Observer on April 29, 2013 at 06:47 PM GMT #

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