MySQL Enterprise Backup 3.8.1 release for 5.6 Server
By Hema Sridharan on Feb 07, 2013
The MySQL Enterprise Backup 3.8.1 release's main goal was support MySQL 5.6 server. But also beyond that primary goal MEB team added some valuable new options and features to ensure you'll get most from the new features in 5.6 as well. At a glance, here are some of the highlights,
MEB copy of InnoDB undo log tablespaces
MySQL 5.6 introduces a new feature to store undo logs in separate files called as undo tablespaces for improved performance. These undo tablespaces are logically part of system tablespace. All the commands associated with MEB - "backup", "apply-log" and "copy-back" now take care of the undo tablespaces in the same way as they process the system tablespace. MEB now supports innodb_undo_directory[logs][tablespace] option variables. When backup is executed, undo datafiles (up to number specified by innodb_undo_tablespaces) are stored in same directory as the datafiles of system tablespace. During copy-back, files can be stored in a location specified by the user using option --innodb-undo-directory.
MEB support for Global transaction ID's
GTID feature is newly introduced in MySQL 5.6 server. GTID's help to track the data being replicated particularly with the automatic slave promotion when a master fails.
When server is started with GTID's enabled and backup is performed on the master server, mysqlbackup produces a new file called as gtid_executed.sql in meta backup directory . This file is used after restoring the backup data on slave server and contains GTID_PURGED option. This provides information from the server at the end of the backup, thereby ensuring that replication starts from the point in time when backup was taken.
UNC Path name support
MEB now supports UNC path names by specifying a location of network resource such as shared file, directory or printer. This feature helps to start backups using windows task scheduler when shared drives cannot be mapped to a drive letter. Support for UNC path names also allows MEB to take backups when user is not logged in.
eg: ./mysqlbackup --defaults-file=/home/my/my.cnf --backup-dir="\\mysql\\testmeb\" backup
Where testmeb is shared network directory on windows.
When the shared name is corrupt / invalid, MEB detects and then tries to access the files pointed to by the path and prints an error message.
MEB support for different page size settings for InnoDB
InnoDB page size is the server parameter that is associated with all the innodb tablespaces in the MySQL instance. By default the value of this size used to be 16K in the versions less than MySQL 5.6. But from MySQL 5.6, this option is made user configurable to 4k, 8k, 16k etc. Starting from MEB 3.8.1, Backup will work successfully when server is started with different innodb_page_size values. The innodb-page-size option can also be specified in the mysqlbackup command line but MEB will ignore the option provided the connection to server is available. If innodb_page_size option is not specified in command line or if connection to server is not available, then the value of innodb-page-size is read from the header of the innodb data files.
InnoDB Checksum Algorithm Support
MEB 3.8.1 introduces new option support of --innodb-checksum-algorithm in MySQL 5.6. This option can also be specified on the command line. A default option is used if its not specified in the command line and also if the connection to the server is offline. Without the support for this new option, MEB could not start the server after sequence of backup, apply-log and restore operations. One thing to be noted here is,
a. Server backed with strict_crc32, strict_innodb or strict_none checksum algorithms should be restored with the same algorithm
b. Server backed with mixed algorithms should not be restored to a server with strict_* algorithms.
Backup of system tablespace with fractional megabyte.
It sometimes happens that InnoDB engine extends datafiles of system tablespace by few megabytes. But if the disk is full, then system tablespace will actually extend to fractional megabytes. During such cases, MEB performs a consistency check on the sizes of InnoDB datafiles and if the size does not match the size of the file on the disk, a warning is reported.That is MEB does not backup the fractional datafile in the system tablespace.
Backup restore file per table tablespaces at different locations.
In MySQL 5.6, it is possible to create new InnoDB table with per-table tablespace outside of data directory where .ibd file should be created instead of default location in the database sub directory. For each .ibd file, a .isl file is created in the database subdirectory containing absolute path name acting like a symbolic link to actual tablespace file. All the MEB operations are now able to read the .isl files to locate the .ibd files during backup. During backup, both .isl and .ibd files are copied to the backup directory but .isl is renamed as .bl file. During copy-back, .ibd files are being copied to a location specified in .bl file. But if the target location is changed where the restore of the backup should be performed, then one needs to manually edit the .bl file before doing the restore and specify the abs path name where .ibd files should go.
The above mentioned are new features added to backup code but this release also includes various bug fixes, please take a look at the MEB 3.8.1 reference manuals for more details.
The MEB team has put great deal of efforts to ensure that latest release of MEB 3.8.1 is compliant with MySQL 5.6 server. Please try this new MEB 3.8.1 version with MySQL 5.6 server and as always send us your feedback / comments here. MEB 3.8.1 is now available in My Oracle Support site and will very soon be available in Oracle's Cloud delivery site.
Once again, I would like to thank entire MEB team to deliver this release on time and with many valuable new additions.