The History of CRM, CDP, CIP, and Everything in Between

January 20, 2021 | 2 minute read
Michael McNichols
Senior Content Manager
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In this short video, Abbas Makhdum, a Senior Director of Product Marketing for Oracle Marketing, offers a quick history lesson on customer data platforms (CDP).

CRM and DMP 

In 1986, the first CRM debuted. During the 1990s, according to Makhdum, CRM software became more prominent, as it allowed businesses to manage interactions with both customers and potential customers. Commerce technology came next, which allowed brands to help fashion a complete customer journey. 

CRMs operate with known data on customers. Another tool, master data management (MDM), provided a 360-degree of customers using structured (and later on) unstructured data. However, an MDM is only a tool for IT and not for marketers. 

During the 2000s, Makhdum points out, data management platforms (DMP) started. A DMP gathers and organizes second and third-party data and shares it with other marketing technology systems to gain deeper insights into customers. 

What is CDP and what is CIP?

According to Makhdum, the term "CDP" was coined in 2013. Customer data platforms came about due to a demand for an improved customer experience and omnichannel initiatives. Previous tools had created data silos that prevented businesses from using all the data they had access to productively.

The CDP Institute defines a customer data platform as “packaged software that creates a persistent, unified customer database that is accessible to other systems.”

Makhdum says that AIs and machine learning enhanced the next generation of CDPs to make them intelligent and result in the customer intelligence platform (CIP). 

Watch the video for Makhdum's brief history lesson on customer data platforms: 


For more information about CDPs, CIPs, DMPs, and CRM, check out:

Michael McNichols

Senior Content Manager

Michael McNichols is a Senior Content Manager for Oracle Digital Marketing. He has over ten years of experience in professional writing and has been widely published.

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