By Giri Mandalika on May 10, 2014
Package related ..
Minimal Set of System Packages
For the past few years, it is one of the hot topics -- what is the bare minimum [set of packages] needed to run applications. There were a number of blog posts and few technical articles around creating minimal Solaris configurations. Finally users/customers who wish to have their OS installed with minimal set of required system packages for running most of the applications in general, can just install
solaris-minimal-server package and not worry about anything else such as removing unwanted packages.
# pkg install pkg:/group/system/solaris-minimal-server
Oracle Database Pre-requisite Package
Until Solaris 11.1, it is up to the users to check the package dependencies and make sure to have those installed before attempting to install Oracle database software especially using graphic installer. Solaris 11.2 frees up the users from the burden of checking and installing individual [required] packages by providing a brand new package called
oracle-rdbms-server-12cR1-preinstall. Users just need to install this package for a smoother database software installation later.
# pkg install pkg:/group/prerequisite/oracle/oracle-rdbms-server-12cR1-preinstall
Mirroring a Package Repository
11.2 provides the ability to create local IPS package repositories and keeps them in synch with the IPS package repositories hosted publicly by Oracle Corporation. The key in achieving this is the SMF service
svc:/application/pkg/mirror. The following webpage has the essential steps listed on a high-level.
Another enhancement is the cloning of a package repository using
--clone option of
Observability related ..
Network traffic diagnostics:
A brand new command,
ipstat(1M), reports IP traffic statistics.
# ipstat -? Usage: ipstat [-cmnrt] [-a address[,address...]] [-A address[,address...]] [-d d|u] [-i interface[,interface...]] [-l nlines] [-p protocol[,protocol...]] [-s key | -S key] [-u R|K|M|G|T|P] [-x opt[=val][,opt[=val]...]] # ipstat -uM 5 SOURCE DEST PROTO INT BYTES etc5mdbadm01.us.oracle.com etc2m-appadm01.us.oracle.c TCP net8 76.3M etc2m-appadm01.us.oracle.c etc5mdbadm01.us.oracle.com TCP net8 0.6M dns1.us.oracle.com etc2m-appadm01.us.oracle.c UDP net8 0.0M 169.254.182.76 169.254.182.77 UDP net20 0.0M ... Total: bytes in: 76.3M bytes out: 0.6M
Another new command,
tcpstat(1M), reports TCP and UDP traffic statistics.
# tcpstat -? Usage: tcpstat [-cmnrt] [-a address[,...]] [-A address[,...]] [-d d|u] [-i pid[,...]] [-l nlines] [-p port[,...]] [-P port[,...]] [-s key | -S key] [-x opt[=val][,...]] [-z zonename[,...]] [interval [count]] # tcpstat 5 ZONE PID PROTO SADDR SPORT DADDR DPORT BYTES global 1267 TCP etc5mdbadm01.us. 42972 etc2m-appadm01.u 22 84.3M global 1267 TCP etc2m-appadm01.u 22 etc5mdbadm01.us. 42972 48.0K global 1089 UDP 169.254.182.76 161 169.254.182.77 33436 137.0 global 1089 UDP 169.254.182.77 33436 169.254.182.76 161 44.0 ... ... Total: bytes in: 84.3M bytes out: 48.4K # tcpstat -i 43982 5 <-- TCP stats for a given pid ZONE PID PROTO SADDR SPORT DADDR DPORT BYTES global 43982 TCP etc2m-appadm01.u 43524 etc5mdbadm02.us. 22 73.7M global 43982 TCP etc5mdbadm02.us. 22 etc2m-appadm01.u 43524 41.9K Total: bytes in: 42.1K bytes out: 73.7M
Up until 11.1, it is not so straight-forward to figure out what process created a network endpoint -- one has to rely on a combination of commands such as
netstat, pfiles or lsof and
proc filesystem (
/proc) to extract that information. Solaris 11.2 attempts to make it easy by enhancing the existing tool
netstat(1M) shows what user, pid created and control a network endpoint.
-u is the magic flag.
# netstat -aun <-- notice the -u flag in netstat command; and User, Pid, Command columns in the output UDP: IPv4 Local Address Remote Address User Pid Command State -------------------- -------------------- -------- ------ -------------- ---------- *.* root 162 in.mpathd Unbound *.* netadm 765 nwamd Unbound *.55388 root 805 picld Idle ... ... TCP: IPv4 Local Address Remote Address User Pid Command Swind Send-Q Rwind Recv-Q State -------------------- -------------------- -------- ------ ------------- ------- ------ ------- ------ ----------- 10.129.101.1.22 10.129.158.100.38096 root 1267 sshd 128872 0 128872 0 ESTABLISHED 192.168.28.2.49540 192.168.28.1.3260 root 0
2094176 0 1177974 0 ESTABLISHED 127.0.0.1.49118 *.* root 2943 nmz 0 0 1048576 0 LISTEN 127.0.0.1.1008 *.* pkg5srv 16012 httpd.worker 0 0 1048576 0 LISTEN ...
[x86 only] Memory Access Locality Characterization and Analysis
Solaris 11.2 introduced another brand new tool,
numatop(1M), that helps in characterizing the NUMA behavior of processes and threads on systems with Intel Westmere, Sandy Bridge and Ivy Bridge processors. If not installed by default, install the numatop package as shown below.
# pkg install pkg:/diagnostic/numatop
Performance related ..
This is a grey area - so, just be informed that there are some ZFS and Oracle database related performance enhancements.
Starting with 11.2, ZFS synchronous write transactions are committed in parallel, which should help improve the I/O throughput.
Database startup time has been greatly improved in Solaris 11 releases -- it's been further improved in 11.2. Customers with databases that use hundreds of Gigabytes or Terabyte(s) of memory will notice the improvement to the database startup times. Other changes to asynchronous I/O, inter-process communication using event ports etc., help improve the performance of the recent releases of Oracle database such as 12c.
Java 7 is still the default in Solaris 11.2 release, but Java 8 can be installed from the IPS package repository.
# pkg install pkg:/developer/java/jdk-8 <-- Java Development Kit # pkg install pkg:/runtime/java/jre-8 <-- Java Runtime
Bootable USB Media
Solaris 11.2 introduces the support for booting SPARC systems from USB media. Use Solaris Distribution Constructor (requires
distribution-constructor package) to create the USB bootable media, or copy a bootable/installation image to the USB media using
Oracle Hardware Management Pack
Oracle Hardware Management Pack is a set of tools that are integrated into the Solaris OS distribution, that show the existing hardware configuration, help configure hardware RAID volumes, update server firmware, configure ILOM service processor, enable monitoring the hardware using existing tools etc., Look for
Few other interesting packages:
Parallel implementation of bzip2 :
NVM Express (nvme) utility :
Utility to administer cluster of servers :