Oracle RDBMS Server 11gR2 Pre-Install RPM for Oracle Linux 6 has been released

Now that the certification of the Oracle Database 11g R2 with Oracle Linux 6 and the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel has been announced, we are glad to announce the availability of oracle-rdbms-server-11gR2-preinstall, the Oracle RDBMS Server 11gR2 Pre-install RPM package (formerly known as oracle-validated). Designed specifically for Oracle Linux 6, this RPM aids in the installation of the Oracle Database.

In order to install the Oracle Database 11g R2 on Oracle Linux 6, your system needs to meet a few prerequisites, as outlined in the Linux Installation Guides. Using the Oracle RDBMS Server 11gR2 Pre-install RPM, you can complete most of the pre-installation configuration tasks. which is now available from the Unbreakable Linux Network, or via the Oracle public yum repository.

The pre-install package is available for x86_64 only. Specifically, the package:

  • Causes the download and installation of various software packages and specific versions needed for database installation, with package dependencies resolved via yum
  • Creates the user oracle and the groups oinstall and dba, which are the defaults used during database installation
  • Modifies kernel parameters in /etc/sysctl.conf to change settings for shared memory, semaphores, the maximum number of file descriptors, and so on
  • Sets hard and soft shell resource limits in /etc/security/limits.conf, such as the number of open files, the number of processes, and stack size to the minimum required based on the Oracle Database 11g Release 2 Server installation requirements
  • Sets numa=off in the kernel boot parameters for x86_64 machines
Please see the release announcement for further details and instructions. Also take a look at Ginny Henningsen's "How I Simplified Oracle Database Installation on Oracle Linux" article on the Oracle Technology Network for a general description on how to perform the installation of the Oracle Database on Oracle Linux. While the article refers to Oracle Linux 5 and the former "oracle-validated" package, the steps for Oracle Linux 6 are still very similar (we're looking into updating that article for Oracle Linux 6).
Comments:

Fantastic news.

Now to find out which package group will include this rpm under 6.2, so steps for a fresh install from distro can grab this right off!

Posted by Hans Forbrich on March 30, 2012 at 03:53 AM PDT #

Hi Hans, since 6.2 has already been released, you won't find this package in any group yet. But I agree that we should look into adding it to the default distribution and appropriate group for the next release.

Posted by Lenz on April 04, 2012 at 12:00 AM PDT #

From this note, it appears that RPM oracle-rdbms-server-11gR2-preinstall is available for Oracle Linux 6 only. How about Oracle Linux 4 and Oracle
Linux 5? What RPM to apply for these two older versions? oracle-validated?

Posted by Danny Lo on April 06, 2012 at 08:56 AM PDT #

Hi Danny? Yes, for the time being, please continue to use "oracle-validated" for Oracle Linux 5 and before. The new preinstall package is designed for Oracle Linux 6 (and newer) only.

Posted by Lenz on April 09, 2012 at 09:58 PM PDT #

Guys, why not include it for non-64 bit versions as well? I can use that for a lot of my testing on 32-bit hardware...

Posted by guest on May 07, 2012 at 05:39 PM PDT #

oracle-rdbms-server-11gR2-preinstall-1.0-3

There are couple of bugs in the package

1) It does not add line in /etc/pam.d/login file
2) shmmax and shmall setting are hardcoded. But Oracle support preaches they need to half the size of RAM.

Posted by sachin on May 17, 2012 at 02:46 PM PDT #

Does the certification of Oracle Database 11gR2 on Oracle Linux 6 with Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel means only single instance database instalation that is certified?
I try to install the Grid Infrastructure from Oracle Database 11gr2 patch 1 (11.2.0) on OL6 x86_64 with the latest kernel uek and never succeeded. It always fail when the instalation try to start ohasd.
Will the patch 3 (11.2.3) worked ?
Has any one done it succesfully ?

Posted by guest on May 20, 2012 at 10:22 PM PDT #

Please note that Oracle Linux 6 with UEK is only certified with 11.2.0.3 and higher, so you need to use the latest version. To my knowledge, a 32-bit version is not planned atm.

@sachin: Bugs should be logged via an SR, but the package and all the settings were validated by Server Technologies, the team that develops the DB/RAC products.

Posted by Lenz on May 21, 2012 at 01:41 AM PDT #

Hi Guys,

I already have install the new name of oracle vaildated packaged and it's success, but when i run the oravlevm-template.sh to install oracle database there is still error "ERROR: oracle-validated not installed.
", and the oracle database fail to be installed.
i use OEL 6.
what should i do?

Thanks

Best Regards
Wira Sanjaya

Posted by Wira on November 09, 2012 at 07:52 PM PST #

What would be password for username "oracle" created by "oracle-rdbms-server-11gR2-preinstall" ?

According to tutorial I should login as "oracle" user and then start installation, but I don't know the default password, and I wasn't asked for it during installation of "oracle-rdbms-server-11gR2-preinstall".

Regards,
Nenad Bulatović

Posted by Nenad Bulatović on February 24, 2013 at 02:19 PM PST #

Hi Nenad,

quoting from the updated article at http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/articles/servers-storage-admin/ginnydbinstallonlinux6-1845247.html:

"Creating the user oracle and the groups oinstall (for OraInventory) and dba (for OSDBA), which are used during database installation. (For security purposes, this user has no password by default and cannot log in remotely. To enable remote login, please set a password using the passwd tool.)"

You need to set your own password.

Posted by guest on February 25, 2013 at 05:45 AM PST #

Thank you "guest" for your answer it is correct.
I have one more question:
Once when I install DB, set up listener with "netca" and create database with "dbca", how do I start DB, especially if I had to restart linux box itself? Does it autostart it's services like windows version do?

Regards,
Nenad

Posted by Nenad Bulatović on February 25, 2013 at 06:28 AM PST #

I just did a complete reinstall (stand-alone, OEL6.4, DB 11.2.0.3) starting with the new OEL 6.4. The oracle-rdbms-server-11gR2-preinstall package is now included in the OS release.
The complete install was a breeze, the DB Universal Installer never complained once about pre-requisites and the 11.2.0.3 is up and running without any manual tweaking of the OS in between (other than the usual /etc/init.d/network restart).
Very nice.
Note: You do have to select the rpm as an 'optional package' during the 6.4 install (under 'Server Tools'). It will NOT install by default.

Posted by klebert on March 06, 2013 at 10:34 AM PST #

This is a really nifty package. Is there an rpm pre-install package for RAC where it can create the grid OS user and asmdba,asmadmin OS group to conform with Oracle Grid Infra documentation?

Posted by guest on April 11, 2013 at 01:31 AM PDT #

I an on the infrastructure rather than the Oracle side of things. OEL5 defaulted to a GUI install. OEL 6(.4) does not.
Many usergroup workarounds abound regarding `oracle-validated` and lately `11gR2 Pre-Install`. What I have yet to find is a validated set of package groups to install.
Is "Basic Server" + `11gR2 Pre-Install` sufficient? What about 'X' to support the Oracle Installer? Still necessary with 11g?
Thanks in advance for further guidance.
-DG

Posted by guest on April 30, 2013 at 04:22 AM PDT #

Yes, a "Basic Server" installation and the preinstall RPM are sufficient. You only need X if you want to perform the installation on the local graphical console. Otherwise you can use X forwarding to another desktop, or VNC to redirect the GUI installer output. Alternatively, you can use a response file and do a completely silent install.

We're working with other product groups to provide additional preinstall RPMs.

Posted by Lenz Grimmer on April 30, 2013 at 04:33 AM PDT #

Oracle Database Installation Guide 11g Release 2 (11.2) for Linux

2.1.4 About the Oracle RDBMS Pre-Install and Oracle Validated RPMs

If your Linux distribution is Oracle Linux, or Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and you are an Oracle Linux customer, then you can complete most preinstallation configuration tasks by using the Oracle RDBMS Server Pre-Install RPM or Oracle Validated RPM for your release ...

So as an Oracle Linux customer please confirm I am good to download and use Package [oracle-rdbms-server-11gR2-preinstall] on a new Red Hat Linux 6.2 Build

Thank you

Stephen Keogh

Posted by guest on October 22, 2013 at 05:25 AM PDT #

Hi Stephen, thanks for your comment. Unfortunately the installation instructions are wrong - the Preinstall RPM only work on Oracle Linux, not RHEL (since it has a dependency on the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel). I have submitted a request to get the documentation updated accordingly.

Posted by Lenz Grimmer on October 22, 2013 at 09:16 AM PDT #

Hi Lenz,

Thank you for your prompt response and confirming this is an error in the Oracle documentation. I will revert to manually installing all of the packages and set the kernel / security settings instead of using Oracle Preinstall RPM

Thank you

Stephen Keogh

Posted by guest on October 22, 2013 at 09:36 AM PDT #

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