Thursday Jul 31, 2008

Troubleshooting ISW deployments

Troubelshooting ISW deployments

The following is a troubleshooting guideline for Sun Java Identity Synchronization for Windows Installations.


1. Sun Java Message Queue – IMQ


# /etc/init.d/imq start ( or /etc/init.d/stop to stop the IMQ)


Now telnet to the port number of IMQ (TCP port 7676 is default). All the messages below should appear.


# telnet localhost 7676


Connected to localhost.

Escape character is '\^]'.

101 isw-broker 3.6

portmapper tcp PORTMAPPER 7676

admin tcp ADMIN 17595

jms tcp NORMAL 17594

ssljms tls NORMAL 17596

cluster tcp CLUSTER 17598


2. Sun Java Identity Synchronization for Windows – ISW


# /etc/init.d/isw start (or stop to stop ISW)


Note that the port 7890 below is the connector port selected during the install of the DS Connector.

Telnet to the local port


# telnet localhost 7890


Connected to localhost.

Escape character is '\^]'.

®1v<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>



  <Parameter name="saint.msg.type" value="AUTH_REQUEST"/>

  <Parameter name="saint.msg.auth.challenge" value="1520478070584ee7fc8fff54b80e7be9"/>

  <Parameter name="saint.msg.auth.sessionKey" value="wpCg7gdltYuk7HdS5DfZ8YUUObMdJDGVI46mqm9YHqvfKrQwXFprFg=="/>

  <Parameter name="saint.msg.requestID" value="0"/>



Netstat should reveal the processes running on port 7890.


# netstat -ad | grep 7890

      \*.7890               \*.\*                0      0 49152      0 LISTEN

hostname.27844    hostname.7890     49152      0 49152      0 ESTABLISHED

hostname.7890     hostname.27844    49152      0 49152      0 ESTABLISHED

hostname.7890 49640      0 49640      0 ESTABLISHED


In addition, a really useful script

 that will show what UNIX processes are using particular TCP ports, and vice-versa. This script is useful for troubleshooting Identity Synchronization for Windows connectors. The Directory Server connector runs as a Java process listening on a particular TCP port. The ISW plugin in the Sun Directory Server connects to the connector over that port number.

The script can be downloaded here

In this example, the Directory Server connector is listening on port 7890 and the corresponding Sun Directory Server is connected to the connector on port 7890


# sh pcp -p 7890

PID Process Name and Port


7493 /usr/java/bin/java 7890 DS Connector

sockname: AF_INET port: 7890

sockname: AF_INET port: 7890

sockname: AF_INET port: 7890


7766 /opt/SUNWdsee/ds6/lib/64/ns-slapd 7890 Directory Server

peername: AF_INET port: 7890



3. ISW Logs and relevant entries


View logs in this directory and sub-directories


#cd /var/opt/SUNWisw/logs


These errors can be ignored


# tail /var/opt/SUNWisw/logs/CNN100/error.log

 [10/Jan/2008:23:22:35.606 +0000] WARNING 14 CNN100 "ElementGenerator: Can't find element 'Parameters' in element map"


# tail /var/opt/SUNWisw/logs/central/error.log

 [10/Jan/2008:23:22:35.606 +0000] WARNING 14 CNN100 "ElementGenerator: Can't find element 'Parameters' in element map"


tail /var/opt/SUNWisw/logs/CNN101/error.log

[10/Jan/2008:18:01:13.491 +0000] INFO 10 "Log opened. Identity Synchronization for Windows build 2006.310.1625. Java runtime version is 1.5.0_09."

[10/Jan/2008:18:59:09.176 +0000] INFO 10 "Log opened. Identity Synchronization for Windows build 2006.310.1625. Java runtime version is 1.5.0_09."



If during an idsync resync, you get objectClass violation errors as follows then verify that the appropriate auxiliary, if any, objectClasses have been added in during the initial configuration.


# tail /var/opt/SUNWisw/logs/central/error.log


[31/Jul/2008:18:36:43 +0000] - ERROR<5897> - Schema - conn=-1 op=-1 msgId=-1 - User error: Entry "uid=user001,ou=people,dc=company,dc=com", attribute "gecos" is not allowed


[31/Jul/2008:17:00:52.680 +0000] SEVERE  33  CNN100  "LDAP modify operation of entry uid=user001,ou=people,dc=company,dc=com failed at null. Error code: 65, reason: null" (Action ID=CNN101-11B7A05B0CA-274, SN=10)


Also verify that the hotfix for defect 6691600. (“Users with auxiliary objectclasses fail to link” has been applied – new connector.jar file). If the hotfix has been applied and you still get the errors, then make the following manual change


Execute the following ldapsearch command and look for the pswLinkAttributeRef:. entries. Make a note of the the corresponding “cn=???” value as below. (This value will vary on each installation.)


# ldapsearch -h <hostnameOfConfigurationDirectory> -p <port of ConfigurationDirectory> -b dc=company,dc=com -D "cn=directory manager" -w  <password>  objectclass=pswsundirectoryglobals


dn: cn=101,ou=Sun,ou=Globals,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswVersion: 4

pswUserObjectClass: inetOrgPerson

pswOtherObjectClass: companyUnixAccount

pswOtherObjectClass: shadowAccount

pswOtherObjectClass: posixAccount

pswNumOutboundConnectorThreads: 4

pswFlowInboundCreates: false

pswFlowInboundModifies: false

pswFlowInboundDeletes: false

pswFlowOutboundCreates: false

pswFlowOutboundModifies: true

pswFlowOutboundDeletes: false

pswCreatesAsModifies: false

pswModifiesAsCreates: false

pswPasswordAttributeName: userpassword

pswLocalRepositoryKey: nsuniqueid

pswRemoteRepositoryKey: dspswuserlink

pswSynchronizeDisables: false

pswPasswordKey: wW1dkRPGyapZIz2s+SvsAE9GYfyP0E2fczgfIIr1BhDyJZfhInr1xoNe12qBp/Yb

pswPasswordIV: goxvuULpkZpASxFBrjiD3tYf0E0hShbp

pswNoValueMeansEnabledInbound: true

pswOtherValuesMeanEnabledInbound: false

pswDisabledRoleRDN: cn=nsmanageddisabledrole

pswDisableMode: disabledRoleRDN

pswMetaAttributeDefaultRef: cn=115,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswMetaAttributeDefaultRef: cn=103,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswMetaAttributeDefaultRef: cn=112,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswSignificantAttributeRef: cn=105,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswCreationAttributeDefaultRef: cn=106,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswCreationAttributeRef: cn=113,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswCreationAttributeRef: cn=104,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswCreationAttributeRef: cn=107,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswCreationAttributeRef: cn=114,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswCreationAttributeRef: cn=109,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswCreationAttributeRef: cn=102,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswHostsTopologyConfigurationRef: cn=110,ou=TopoHosts,ou=Globals,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswSchemaLocationRef: cn=110,ou=TopoHosts,ou=Globals,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswSignificantAttributeDefaultRef: cn=116,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=c


pswLinkAttributeRef: cn=108,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

pswLinkAttributeRef: cn=112,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

cn: 101

objectClass: pswsundirectoryglobals

objectClass: top


For each of the blue entries in the prior search, search for the pswValue: dspswuser,  entry as per below


#ldapsearch  h <hostnameOfConfigurationDirectory> -p <port of ConfigurationDirectory> -b dc=company,dc=com -D "cn=directory manager" -w company2005 cn=108


version: 1

dn: cn=108,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=Ide


pswVersion: 4

pswName: objectclass


pswValue: dspswuser

pswValue: inetOrgPerson

pswPreferCreationAttributeDefaultToAction: true

cn: 108

objectClass: pswattributedescription

objectClass: top


Now, you have the DN required for modification (note that these portions of the DN may vary for your installation)




Stop ISW (/etc/init.d/isw stop)

Run ldapmodify against the ISW configuration Directory instance with the following LDIF file:

(Again the DN value in italics will vary for each installation).
dn: cn=108,ou=AttributeDescriptions,cn=active[4],ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com

changetype: modify
replace: pswValue
pswValue: companyUnixAccount
pswValue: shadowAccount
pswValue: posixAccount
pswValue: dspswuser
pswValue: inetOrgPerson



Start ISW (/etc/init.d/isw start)



4. Workaround for defect 6709099. When installing ISW in an (multi-master replicated) MMR environment, the ISW plugins do not register with the ISW configuration Directory.


This is more of a cosmetic defect, since ISW may be functioning correctly but the status fails to show that the plugins are properly installed.


# sh

Exploring status of connectors, please wait...


Connector ID: CNN100

  Type:     Sun Java(TM) System Directory

  Manages:  dc=company,dc=com (ldap:// (ldap://

  State:    SYNCING

  Installed on:

<ISW plugin information does not display>


Connector ID: CNN101

  Type:     Active Directory

  Manages:  COMPANY.COM (ldap://

  State:    SYNCING

  Installed on:


Sun Java(TM) System Message Queue Status:  Started


Checking the System Manager status over the Sun Java(TM) System Message Queue.


System Manager Status:  Started


There are two steps to complete:

  1. Ensure that the SUBC entries match between dse.ldif of the Sun Directory Server 6.3 servers and the configuration server
  2. Ensure that the plugin information is properly registered in the Sun Directory Server – Configuration Directory.




1. Ensure that the SUBC entries  match


Proceed as follows.

View the dse.ldif file for the Sun Directory 6.x server that has the plugin installed. The entry for the ISW plugin in the dse.ldif contains the name of the plugin as defined in the configuration Directory;  highlighted below:


dn: cn=config,cn=pswsync,cn=plugins,cn=config

objectClass: extensibleObject

objectClass: top


accessorport: 7890

accessoruser: gEQ8OUyzepyAX1lw

accessorpassword: nhyji5OQxlCyfvuOLyqwm1jmewwSDxA6Sdm4lWeG7dI=

subcomponentid: SUBC101

subcomponentsaintssloption: false

debugloglevel: INFO

cn: config

creatorsName: cn=directory manager

entrydn: cn=config,cn=pswsync,cn=plugins,cn=config

createTimestamp: 20080718192517Z

auditloglevel: FINE

modifiersName: cn=pswsync,cn=plugins,cn=config

modifyTimestamp: 20080728205759Z


The corresponding entry in the Configuration Directory must contain the identical information. If not make corrections as needed. See screenshot below.


Note: that the DN of the corresponding entry in the configuration Directory  Server will vary per installation. In the examples below the DNs are:






The cn=active[4] component of the DN will vary for each installation.




Similary for any additional 6.x Directory Servers, make corrections as required. The additional Directory Server below has an entry of SUBC101.




2. Ensure that the plugins are registered


The second modification required is as follows:

The configuration Directory must be be configured for each plugin. In the screenshot below, notice that pswInstalledSubComponentInfo contains <none>. This is incorrect.





Modify the entry so that pswInstalledSubComponentInfo contains the names of each plugin as follows:


pswInstalledSubcomponentInfo: SUBC100?ldap://

pswInstalledSubcomponentInfo: SUBC101?ldap://


Important, the SUBC100 number must match SUBC100 in the modification 1. above.(ensure subc entries match)


Note that there are two DNs to be modified:






Now the entry appears as follows:






And executing printstat shows that the  plugins are installed.


# sh

Exploring status of connectors, please wait...


Connector ID: CNN100

  Type:     Sun Java(TM) System Directory

  Manages:  dc=company,dc=com (ldap:// (ldap://

  State:    SYNCING

  Installed on:

  Plugin SUBC100 is installed on ldap://

  Plugin SUBC101 is installed on ldap://


Connector ID: CNN101

  Type:     Active Directory

  Manages:  (ldap://

  State:    SYNCING

  Installed on:


Sun Java(TM) System Message Queue Status:  Started


Checking the System Manager status over the Sun Java(TM) System Message Queue.


System Manager Status:  Started




An alternative to using the DirectoryServer 5.2 console to register the plugins, is to execute ldapmodify at the command line with LDIF files similar to this: (Similar because the DN and SUBC numbers will vary)


dn: cn=active_as_ADP100,ou=Status,ou=GlobalConfig,ou=1.1,ou=IdentitySynchronization,ou=Services,dc=company,dc=com





Tuesday Nov 13, 2007

Enterprise Role Management to be part of the Sun Identity stack

Sun has entered into an agreement to acquire VAAU a premier provider of Enterprise Role Management software.

Here is the press release

What is role management?

A role represents access rights to resources or data, that often corresponds to a business function. Example a tax manager has the rights to view financial data.

How do roles gel with Identity Management and Sun Identity Manager in particular?

If you have worked with Sun Identity Manager, you will have a assigned a role to a resource and then a user to that role to grant the user access to the resource.

Role management software simplifies that process especially in a large deployment with hundreds of applications and thousands of roles. Often roles usurp users in their quantity - more roles than users!

With good role management, security policies can be easier to manage and enforce, example ensuring users only have the roles they are entitled to, to perform their job.

Read more at VAAU's website

Thursday Oct 04, 2007

Privacy priorities and Identity

So I had to call my wife's health insurance to get some information on her behalf. The polite lady at the call center answered and asked me some identifying questions first: birth date, last four digits of social security, address etc. Satisfied with the answers she relinquished the information I requested. I guess they answer so many calls per day, it did not occur to her that a male voice was requesting information on someone with a female name. Or it means that anyone who presents the answers to the questions is entitled to the information. I wonder what HIPAA dictates?

A few days later, my wife went to the public library and I asked her to bring home a book that I had reserved. The library refused to allow her to check out a book reserved under my account, using her card. She produced her driver's license showing the same surname and address as the library's computer had for me. No success. However, if she produced my library card, which holds no picture of me, they would have happily checked out the book.

Why is that personal medical information can be released over the phone to anyone who answers four or five identifying questions about an individual, yet a book cannot be checked out unless one produces a library card that bears no visual identification of the bearer on it whatsoever?

Sunday Jul 08, 2007

Integrating Sun Java System Identity Manager and Access Manager

A year ago I collaborated with some fine fellows from Sun to document the integration steps of Access Manager and Identity Manager.
Another excellent Sun employee, Steffo Weber, has provided content that allowed us to update the document for versions 7.0 of Access Manager and Identity Manager and a chapter on Identity Manager SPE.
The document was edited and is available here

Friday Mar 16, 2007

Identity and HR-XML

Last week I had the distinct pleasure of dining with Sara Moss, a joint partner at The Code Works Inc – an up and coming consulting firm. She writes a lot on the staffing and hiring indusry. We shared a delicious Mediterranean repast and discussed our experiences in, and potential synergies between, The Code Works Inc and Sun.

  • The Code Works helps staffing firms with technology decisions, implementation and integration and has a lot of knowledge of on-boarding employees and using HR-XML technology.
  • Sun’s Identity solution automatically provision users to applications once they are entered (on-boarded) into a corporation’s HR system.
Stay tuned to this blog for further insights into how The Code Works and Sun can develop joint solutions.

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Wednesday Dec 13, 2006

Identity song (with apologies to Queen)

If you know the song Bohemian Rhapsody by Queen you will enjoy this

Jonathan Gershater


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