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Tuesday Nov 17, 2015

cx_Oracle v5.2 for Solaris, now in IPS form

In July this year I was able to announce that we now have the Oracle Instant Client available in IPS form, so you can simply utter

# pkg install \*instantclient\*

and you're ready to go. At the end of that post I made reference to the Python bindings for the Oracle Database, cx_Oracle.

I'm very pleased to be able to announce that you can now get cx_Oracle version 5.2 in IPS form as well, from the pkg.oracle.com /release repo. Once you've installed the Solaris 11.3 release it's as easy as running

# pkg install cx_oracle

and you'll have the 32bit module for Python 2.7, and the 64bit module for Python 3.4.

If you don't have the Instant Client packages installed, you'll get the runtime pkg://solaris/oracle/database/instantclient pulled in too.

There is no need to set an LD_LIBRARY_PATH before invoking a script which uses this module because we've baked in a runpath.

Wednesday Jul 08, 2015

Oracle Instant Client: now available in IPS

Over the last few years I've spent a fair amount of time working deep inside the ON (OS/Networking) consolidation, improving the build system (https://blogs.oracle.com/jmcp/entry/my_own_private_crash_n)
and enhancing some general gate plumbing. One significant aspect of that plumbing was migrating our automated bug update system from Sun's Bugster to Oracle's bug database.

When Oracle's acquisition of Sun took effect we were still developing Solaris 11, so we got an exemption from the "thou shalt migrate to the one true bug tracking tool" edict. Once we had shipped Solaris 11, however, we had to get cracking on that migration. My small part in that process was writing a python script to provide a gate tools interface. We needed to provide a way for engineers to check that their bugids, synopses and pre-integration state were correct, as well as automatically updating bug states on integration ("fix available"), backout ("fix failed") and build close (when the gate staff mark a bug as "fix delivered").

This was a surprisingly large amount of work, even though it resulted in only about 1500 lines of code (95% python, 5% shell). The majority of the effort came from learning the database schema and its APIs - and for that I needed to use sqlplus.

Those of you who need to interact directly with Oracle databases will be familiar with this tool, and a great many people use the version that comes with their full Oracle database installation. There is another way of obtaining this tool - the Oracle Instant Client. Until now you needed to download the Instant Client from https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/features/instant-client/index-100365.html in zipped format, and unpack the bits you needed into a convenient location. Some mucking around with LD_LIBRARY_PATH was necessary, too.

As follow-on from this bug service migration project I developed a hankering to see the Oracle Instant Client made available in IPS form, and I am delighted to announce that this is now possible with the Oracle Solaris 11.3 beta release for the release of the Oracle Instant Client.

If you've downloaded the Oracle Instant Client from OTN, you will be aware that the zipfiles are split up into 32 and 64bit versions of the basic libraries, sqlplus, the ODBC and JDBC supplements and software development kit (sdk). What we are providing with our delivery is slightly different from what you'll find on OTN, because we've combined a few logically aligned packages into one:


There is also a pkg:/consolidation/instantclient/instantclient-incorporation which ties them all together. The contents of pkg:/database/oracle/instantclient almost completely match the OTN 'basic', 'sqlplus' and 'wrc' zipfiles - in both 32- and 64-bit versions. The sdk, odbc-supplement and jdbc-supplement packages match what is provided in the OTN zipfiles.

To install these packages, once you have set your solaris publisher to the Beta release repo, just utter

# pkg install pkg:/consolidation/instantclient/instantclient-incorporation

As newer versions of the Instant Client are released, we will update the version in https://pkg.oracle.com to match, and you will notice that the package FMRI tracks the Database release version (12.1) rather than the Solaris release.

We have also updated the runpaths in the libraries and binaries so there is no need for you to set LD_LIBRARY_PATH in a wrapper script - though you might find it useful to add /usr/oracle/instantclient/12.1/bin to your $PATH.

As a side note, you might find it useful to set ORACLE_HOME if you are going to build bindings such as cx_Oracle for Python or DBD::Oracle for Perl.

Finally, I could not have done this without the assistance of Chris Jones, the Instant Client program manager - thankyou Chris!

Sunday Dec 21, 2014

help! Non-aligned writes are killing my zpool!

I put this post up on my personal blog:


Tuesday Apr 29, 2014

My own private crash-n-burn farm: using kernel zones for speedy testing

I've spent most of the last two years working on a complete rewrite of the ON consolidation build system for Solaris 12. (We called it 'Project Lullaby' because we were putting nightly to sleep). This was a massive effort for our team of 5, and when I pushed the changes at the end of February we wound up with about 121k lines of change over close to 6000 files. Most of those were Makefiles (so you can understand why I'm now scarred!).

We had to do an incredible amount of testing for this project. Introducing new patterns and paradigms for the complete Makefile hierarchy meant that we had to be very careful to ensure that we didn't break the OS. To accomplish this we used (and overloaded) the resources of the DIY test group and also made use of a feature which is now available in 11.2 - kernel zones.

Kernel zones are a type-2 hypervisor, so you can run a separate kernel in them. If you've used non-global zones (ngz) on Solaris in the past, you'll recall the niggle of having to have those ngz in sync with the global when it comes to SRUs and releases.

Using kernel zones offered several advantages to us: I could run tests whenever I wanted on my desktop system (a newish quad-core Intel Core i5 system with 32gb ram), I could quickly test updates of the newly built bits, I could keep the zone at the same revision while booting the global zone with a new build, and (this is my favourite) I could suspend the zone while rebooting the global zone.

Our testing of Lullaby in kernel zones had two components: #1 does it actually boot? and #2 assuming I can boot the kz with Lullaby-built bits, can I then build the workspace in the kz and then boot those new bits in that same kernel zone?

Creating a kernel zone is very, very easy:

limoncello: # zonecfg -z crashs12 create -t SYSsolaris-kz
limoncello: # zoneadm -z crashs12 install -x install-size=40g
limoncello: # zoneadm -z crashs12 boot

I could have used one of the example templates (eg /usr/share/auto_install/sc_profiles/sc_sample.xml) but for this use-case I just logged in and created the necessary users, groups, automount entries and installed compilers by hand. (Meaning pkg install rather than tar xf).

To start with, I ensured that crashs12 was running the same development build as my global zone, but I removed the various hardware drivers I had no need for.

The very first test I ran in crashs12 was a test of libc and the linker subsystem. Building libc is rather tricky from a make(1s) point of view, due to having several generated (rather than source-controlled) files as part of the base. The linker is even more complex - there's a reason that we refer to Rod and Ali as the 'linker aliens'! Once I had my fresh kz configured appropriately, I created a new BE, mounted it, then blatted the linker and libc bits onto it and rebooted. I was really, really happy to see the kz come up and give me a login prompt.

Several weeks after that we got to the point of successful full builds, so I installed the Lullaby-built bits and rebooted:

root@crashs12:~# pkg publisher
nightly origin online F file:///net/limoncello/space/builds/jmcp/lul-jmcp/packages/i386/nightly-nd//repo.osnet/
extra (non-sticky, disabled) origin online F file:///space/builds/jmcp/test-lul-lul/packages/i386/nightly/repo.osnet-internal/
solaris (non-sticky) origin online T http://internal/repo
root@crashs12:~# pkg update --be-name lul-test-1
root@crashs12:~# reboot

This booted, too, but I couldn't get any network-related tests to work. Couldn't ssh in or out. Couldn't for the life of me work out what I'd done wrong in the build, so I asked the linker aliens and Roger for help - they were quick to realise that in my changes to the libsocket Makefiles, I'd missed the filter option. Once I fixed that, things were back on track.

Now that Lullaby is in the gate and I'm working on my next project, I'm still using crashs12 for spinning up a quick test "system" and I'm migrating my 11.1 Virtualbox environment to an 11.2 kernel zone. The 11.2 zone, incidentally, was configured and installed in about 4 minutes using an example AI profile (see above) and a unified archive.

Kernel zones: you know you want them.

Tuesday Mar 20, 2012

Please update your address book

As of 25 March 2012, my @sun.com email address and alias will be deactivated. If you are still contacting me via firstname.lastname at sun.com, or myalias at sun.com, then please update your address book so that you use firstname.lastname at oracle.com instead.

Thursday Oct 06, 2011

Announcement: inaugural meeting of Brisbane Oracle Solaris User Group

I'm delighted to announce the inaugural meeting of the Brisbane Oracle Solaris User Group (BrOSUG).

Join us for pizza as we discuss Installation and Packaging in Solaris 11.

Many of you are familiar with Solaris Jumpstart, SysV packages and patches. Solaris 11 changes all of this. Come along and find out how it has changed, and why.

What: Brisbane Oracle Solaris User Group (BrOSUG).
When: 17 October 2011, 12:30pm - 2:30pm
Where: Oracle House, 300 Ann St, Brisbane.
(Come to reception on level 14).

Please confirm your intention to attend with:

James McPherson James dot McPherson-AT-oracle-DOT-com
+61 7 3031 7173

Mark Farmer Mark dot Farmer-AT-oracle-DOT-com
+61 7 3031 7106

Friday Mar 18, 2011

And before I forget it \*again\* ...

One of the things I'm currently responsible for (as onnv gatekeeper), is maintenance of our gatehooks. From time to time I need to make changes and test them in a sandbox, and I keep my sandbox pretty small. hg update takes a while when you have to run it over all of ON :-)

Anyway, with the most recent round of changes (to support running the hooks with Mercurial built against python 2.6), I just spent the best part of a day beating my head against two things. Firstly, I'd forgotten that my sandbox was configured to exec mercurial with the


option. This has the effect with python2.6 and Mercurial 1.3.1 of making any process exit, even a successful one (exit(0)) die with a traceback:

$ $HG push ssh://onhg@localhost//scratch/gate/trees/minirepo-131_26
pushing to ssh://onhg@localhost//scratch/gate/trees/minirepo-131_26
searching for changes
Are you sure you wish to push? [y/N]: y
remote: adding changesets
remote: adding manifests
remote: adding file changes
remote: added 1 changesets with 1 changes to 1 files
remote: caching changes for gatehooks...
remote: ...changes cached
remote: Sanity checking your push...
remote: ...Sanity checks passed
remote: pushing to /scratch/gate/trees/minirepo-131_26-clone
remote: searching for changes
remote: adding changesets
remote: adding manifests
remote: adding file changes
remote: added 1 changesets with 1 changes to 1 files
remote: Traceback (most recent call last):
remote: File "/opt/local/mercurial/1.3.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/mercurial/dispatch.py", line 43, in _runcatch
remote: return _dispatch(ui, args)
remote: File "/opt/local/mercurial/1.3.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/mercurial/dispatch.py", line 449, in _dispatch
remote: return runcommand(lui, repo, cmd, fullargs, ui, options, d)
remote: File "/opt/local/mercurial/1.3.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/mercurial/dispatch.py", line 317, in runcommand
remote: ret = _runcommand(ui, options, cmd, d)
remote: File "/opt/local/mercurial/1.3.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/mercurial/dispatch.py", line 501, in _runcommand
remote: return checkargs()
remote: File "/opt/local/mercurial/1.3.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/mercurial/dispatch.py", line 454, in checkargs
remote: return cmdfunc()
remote: File "/opt/local/mercurial/1.3.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/mercurial/dispatch.py", line 448, in
remote: d = lambda: util.checksignature(func)(ui, \*args, \*\*cmdoptions)
remote: File "/opt/local/mercurial/1.3.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/mercurial/util.py", line 402, in check
remote: return func(\*args, \*\*kwargs)
remote: File "/opt/local/mercurial/1.3.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/mercurial/commands.py", line 2752, in serve
remote: s.serve_forever()
remote: File "/opt/local/mercurial/1.3.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/mercurial/sshserver.py", line 46, in serve_forever
remote: sys.exit(0)
remote: SystemExit: 0

The second one was equally frustrating: our hooks have a Test parameter, which you set to True or False in your gate's hgrc. Setting it to True means that the hook does not do any actual work. Guess which value I'd left it set to in my minirepo?

Thursday Feb 25, 2010

This blog is moving

The more observant amongst you will have noticed a number of people who have blogs on blogs.sun.com have decided that they should move them elsewhere. The most recent I noticed was Simon Phipps, and realised that I need to follow suit.

For the curious, no, I didn't get a "don't come Monday" :-)

I've been running my own blog at http://www.jmcp.homeunix.com/blog for quite a while now, and I figure it's a reasonable enough location to blog from in general.

So without further ado, Please Update Your Feeds(tm)!

Friday Nov 13, 2009

Migrating from Solaris Express to OpenSolaris

There's currently no way to do an in-place upgrade0 from Solaris Express's SysV packaging to OpenSolaris' IPS packaging, so you have to think outside the box just a little.

My Ultra 40 M2 has been happily chugging away with SXCE builds since I took delivery of it, but with build 131 fast approaching (when we start delivering a nightly IPS repo rather than SysV packages), I figured I should put some effort into migrating to the new world. Fortunately for me, I've been running with ZFS root since it was first available (build 80 or so), and when I reinstalled my laptop last year I put OpenSolaris on it. It's been upgraded to snv_126 in the last week, too.

Here's what I did.

After making sure I had enough space in my u40m2 ("blinder") root pool, I created a zfs snapshot of the current BE on the laptop ("gedanken"). Then destroyed it, pruned sundry filesystems and a bunch of packages which I don't need (eg, I have no use for almost all the localisations), and re-created the snapshot.

gedanken# zfs snapshot rpool/ROOT/opensolaris-7@yay
blinder# zfs create rpool/ROOT/opensolaris-7

Then I sent it from gedanken to blinder:

gedanken# zfs send rpool/ROOT/opensolaris-7@yay | \\
    ssh blinder zfs recv -v rpool/ROOT/opensolaris-7


received 20.8GB stream in 2707 seconds (7.85MB/sec)

Now the action switches to blinder:

(add entry to grub menu.lst, remember to set the default)

# zpool set boots=rpool/ROOT/opensolaris-7 rpool
# zfs set canmount=noauto rpool/ROOT/opensolaris-7
# zfs set mountpoint=/ rpool/ROOT/opensolaris-7

Time for some customisations on the new pool:

# zfs set mountpoint=/mnt rpool/ROOT/opensolaris-7
# cp /etc/ssh/sshd\*key\* /mnt/etc/ssh
# cp /etc/hostid /mnt/etc/hostid
# cp /etc/inet/hosts /mnt/etc/inet/hosts
# cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf /mnt/etc/X11
# cp /etc/hostname.nge0 /mnt/etc
# cp /var/spool/cron/cronjobs/onhg /mnt/var/spool/cron/cronjobs

I think that's it, I really should have run this from within script(1)!

# cd /
# zfs umount rpool/ROOT/opensolaris-7
# zfs set mountpoint=/ rpool/ROOT/opensolaris-7

Time for the acid test!

# init 6
[dammit, this "fast reboot" stuff is TOO FAST!]
root@blinder:~# cat /etc/release 
                       OpenSolaris Development snv_127 X86
           Copyright 2009 Sun Microsystems, Inc.  All Rights Reserved.
                        Use is subject to license terms.
                           Assembled 06 November 2009
root@blinder:~# uname -a
SunOS blinder 5.11 snv_127 i86pc i386 i86pc

and X came up just fine.

After making sure that all the bits that I expected were there, I was very pleased to call this exercise a success.

The only bit that remains to be done is configuring my non-global zone but I'll leave that for another post.

Tuesday Aug 11, 2009

Vodafone Mobile Broadband with a Huawei K3520/E169

Since I'll be even more remote from my office for a few days, due to acceptance of my talk about gatekeeping for SAGE-AU, I thought I should acquire one of those funky mobile broadband solutions so I could keep in contact with the gate.

It's been a bit of a pain to get working, but now it is I figure I should provide some details what I've done.

Firstly, a big thankyou to my mate Arjen who brought his Huawei E220 dongle over and let me muck around with it for a few hours.

The solution I chose was Vodafone's Mobile Prepaid Broadband, which comes with a Huawei E169, aka K3520 usb dongle. This has the increasingly popular "ZeroCD(tm)" feature - when you plug it in, it defaults to showing a storage device (usb device class 8) rather than as a communications device (usb device class 2). This storage device has the windows drivers and application on it, which then kicks the device into being a communications device. All good, or something, as long as you're running XP, Vista or Mac OS X.

Not so good, clearly, for yours truly.

A bunch of google hits came up with http://darkstar-solaris.blogspot.com/2008/10/huawei-e169-usb-umts-gprs-modem.html, http://www.opensolaris.org/jive/thread.jspa?messageID=272246, http://in.opensolaris.org/jive/thread.jspa?messageID=227212 and http://my2ndhead.blogspot.com/2008/11/opensolaris-huawei-e220-swisscom-and.html, which got me started - I need to use the usbsacm(7D) driver, so it was time to update_drv. Being a bit lazy, and suspecting that there'd be a few options that needed covering, I just hand-edited /etc/driver_aliases to add in all the possible compatible entries for the device (starting with usb12d1,1001.0). Still no joy - darn thing was still showing up as a storage device even after hotplugging.

On the off-chance that the attached-at-power-on state might be different I rebooted with it attached, ... lo and behold, it was different! No usb,class8, just compatible properties which allowed me to attach it to the usbsacm driver, and get 3 /dev/term entries. After a hotplug op, however, it was back to showing up as a storage device, which was most undesirable.

So I tried looking for what solutions the linux world has come up with to the problem, came across usb_modeswitch (which gave the clue that sending a "USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE, 00000001" would kick it properly), and also some Huawei forum posts.

One thread in particular caught my eye: Thread: K3520 (E169) microSD lost which featured a comment from a Huawei employee instructing the user to utter "at\^u2diag=255" in a hyperterm session in order to get back their microSD card slot.

So being inquisitive, and making a guess, when I had the dongle connected from boot, I ran

# tip /dev/term/0
and hotplugged the device. On re-insertion (after waiting 1 minute), I saw that there was no storage device found, just usbsacm instances. W0000t!

So now all I had to do was trawl my memories to recall how to do ppp (eeeek!) and would be connectable.

Therein lies a lot of pain, so I'll cut straight to the "this works for me" part:

The aliases I've got in /etc/driver_aliases are

usbsacm "usb12d1,1001.0"
usbsacm "usb12d1,1001"

The peers file that I'm using is

logfile /var/tmp/pppd.log
asyncmap a0000
idle 300
lcp-echo-interval 0
connect '/usr/bin/chat -s -t60 -f /etc/ppp/voda-chat'

Note that I symlinked /dev/term/0 to /dev/huawei - purely because I wanted to.

The chat script is

"" AT&F
OK AT\\136u2diag=0
OK ATS7=60
OK AT+CGDCONT=1,"IP","vfprepaymbb"
OK "ATD \\052 99\\052\\052 2 \\043"

Note the use of octal characters - Solaris' /usr/bin/chat doesn't like the caret (\^), asterisk (\*) or hash (#) in a chat script, so you have to work around that by using \\136 for caret, \\052 for asterisk, and \\043 for hash. Also, note that the prepaid solution uses an Access Point Name (APN) of "vfprepaymbb" rather than the contract/postpaid "vfinternet.au".

The other thing of interest is the ":" in the peers file. This is what I needed to add in order to get around the problem

[ID 702911 daemon.debug] Peer refused to provide his address; assuming

Once I'd done that, things seemed to work just fine. It was rather weird to see a ping time from my non-global zone to the laptop via 3G taking about 170msec even though both machines are within my arm's reach!

I just need to get some ip-up and ip-down scripts figured out, and then I'll be all raring to go.

One final thing, there are apparently a reasonably annoying bug with usbsacm:

6840063 usbsacm stops sending data out when pushed hard (fixed in snv_120), and an RFE

6588968 Provide support for 3G USB broadband modem device from Huawei Technologies.

I don't know for sure whether this works if you're not running snv_120, but rather than disabling a core, you could try

# pbind -b 0 `pgrep pppd`

as part of your ip-up script. I'm going to try it and see.

Sunday Aug 02, 2009

Presentations and flickrstream of KCA2009 available

I've finally pulled the finger out to get my photos from KCA2009 up on flickr. Have a squiz at these.

More importantly, we've got almost all of the presentations from the conference up on the website. As time goes by we'll get the others (Brendan, Stewart, Jeff and Bill).

Monday Jul 20, 2009

KCA2009 - winding down #1

Now that I've had a weekend to start recovering from Kernel Conference Australia, it's time to start catch up on a few blog entries. There'll be several over the next few weeks as I work through everything I want to mention.


A massive thankyou to our volunteers on the ground (James Lever, Greg Black, Nikolai Lusan, Daniel Dawson) who all did a stellar job and made it possible for me to be the shiny happy face of the conference :-)

Thankyou to the review committee (Jake Carroll, Andre van Eyssen, David Gwynne and John Sonnenschein) who helped put the program together.

Thankyou to our speakers, without whom there would not have been any conference to attend.

Thankyou to Deirdre Straughan who got us live streamed sessions on ustream and recorded many hours of video.

Thankyou to Claire Operie, Gabriele Decelis and Diana Pearce who handled the logistics of getting the event off the ground (registrations, the event website, catering, swag etc).

Thankyou to Mitch Roberts for setting up the demo room and who answered hundreds of questions about pretty much every piece of technology Sun sells. He also showed off some really amazing VDI and demonstrated the Fishworks kit. Mmmmmmmmmmmm!

Thankyou to Jake Carroll for setting up the infrastructure we needed at the Queensland Brain Institute. Thankyou especially to QBI's director Professor Perry Bartlett, FAA and Ian Duncan for generously allowing us to use QBI's facilities for the conference.

Thankyou to the Brisbane branch of Sun Microsystems who got behind the idea and provided connections, spread the word and encouraged people to come along.

Thankyou to everybody who attended KCA, who thought it would be something worthwhile. I hope you went away excited, energised and enthused about all the really cool technologies that you can find in Open Source kernels, and even be inspired to contribute to your favourite kernel in the future.

Finally, thankyou to our sponsors - Frontline, OpenSolaris, and Sun Microsystems.

Presentations, Videos, Papers, Proceedings

A number of people have asked me over the last few days whether the presentations will be made available online. The answer is a resounding YES, but not just yet. What the review committee (well, just Andre, and myself) are doing is creating a Proceedings of the conference. Within that we will have the papers or slideware and speakernotes that each presenter wrote. When we have that finished I will announce it on this blog, and I will email all the delegates to provide details on how to obtain a copy. (Hopefully it'll be in the National Library of Australia with proper CiP data too).

The videos that we recorded are being cleaned up and will be uploaded to somewhere with a lot of space. Soon. I don't know when, but when I do know, I'll announce it here.

Will we run this again in 2010?

The feedback I've received from people attending KCA has generally been very positive about the event, and encourages me to organise another KCA for next year. We'll have to wait and see how things pan out following the buyout vote, but I'm very hopeful that we'll be able to make it happen.

Tuesday Jul 14, 2009

Kernel Conference Australia starts TODAY!

Kernel Conference Australia starts TODAY... in just under 3 hours. It's going to be fantastic.

Monday Jul 13, 2009

ZFS Deduplication and KCA mentioned @ theregister.co.uk

I'm really pleased to see that Jeff Bonwick and Bill Moore's ZFS deduplication keynote speech at Kernel Conference Australia gets a mention at The Register. I'd be even more pleased if they sent a representative to attend in person. Maybe next year!

Wednesday Jul 08, 2009

KCA starts in one week

I'm really excited now - it's only one week until Kernel Conference Australia kicks off at the Queensland Brain Institute.

The speaker presentations (slideware and copious notes, as well as plain text so we can incorporate them into the forthcoming Proceedings volume) are coming in and are looking really good. It'll take a bit of time after the conference ends before we can get the Proceedings finalised, but the presentations themselves will be available fairly soon afterwards; I'll mention the url here when I get it finalised.

There's still time for you to register and come along to hear, learn from and hang out with some of the finest minds in Open Source today.


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