Monday Apr 15, 2013

DoD customer receives authority to operate SparcSupercluster

Recently, one of our good U.S. DoD customers purchased a SPARC SuperCluster system and received their "Interim Authority to Operate" on the DoD network.  Why is this a big deal?  First, allow me provide an overview of the SPARC SuperCluster system.

SPARC SuperCluster is a relatively new engineered system from Oracle consisting of:

This engineered system is designed to provide extremely high performance on database and applications while also reducing "time to mission" and cost of operations.  Because it is engineered in the factory by Oracle, it reduces the amount of vendor finger pointing, tuning, integration and incompatibilities.  It is also 100% compatible with Solaris/SPARC applications written for Solaris 11, 10, 9 and 8.

Getting the authority to operate on a DoD network means that our customer showed to their security auditors that they can properly and securely operate this large, complex, virtualized super-server in compliance with DoD standards. 

To my knowledge, this is the first instance of Solaris 11 being accredited in the US DoD.  As readers of my blog may know, the Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) creates Security Technical Implementation Guides (STIGs) for various products and technologies.  You can find the Solaris 10 STIG documents at the DISA site, for example.  There is currently no DISA STIG document written for Solaris 11 although I am working to create one with DISA.  Because they are going through a lengthy transition from scripted compliance auditing to SCAP based auditing, the STIG for Solaris 11 is being re-written from scratch using their new Security Resource Guide for Operating systems as a baseline requirement.  Watch this site for updates on the Solaris 11 STIG process.

If there is no STIG for Solaris 11, how did this customer complete their accreditation?  DISA's guidance has alway's been, "In the absence of a DISA provided STIG, the customer may use vendor or industry recommended security practices." There are several resources publicly available for Solaris 11 and the SPARC SuperCluster:

In addition, with the help of my colleague, Kevin Rohan, I have been able to provide customers with two additional resources:

  • A spreadsheet mapping the current Solaris 10 STIG to Solaris 11 features
  • A set of scripts that can be used to configure the most common security settings.  This tool take advantage of advance Solaris 11 features such as alternate boot environments, Image Packaging System (IPS) and System Management Facility (SMF).

These tools are available from the Oracle DoD hardware sales team and not publicly posted at this time.

To summarize, I would like to remind our customers that:

  • A DISA STIG is not required to complete accreditation.
  • Solaris 11 and the SPARC SuperCluster has received an IATO from the DoD  
  • Other DoD customers have received accreditation for Exadata, Exalogic and Database Appliance engineered systems
  • Oracle can provide support to help you complete accreditation for SuperCluster, Exadata, Exalogic and Oracle Database Appliance.
  • Oracle's Engineered systems can help you reduce costs, speed time to mission and simply your operations.

Please contact me: jim dot laurent at oracle dot com for additional information.

FAQ: Is Solaris 11 "approved for use" in the US DoD?

Because of my work with the US DoD and Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA), I get asked this question all the time from Oracle employees as well as customers.

  • Is Oracle XYZ server or operating system on the DISA approved products list?

MYTH

There is a single organization in the Government/DoD that approves products for use.

REALITY

Although DISA has a Unified Capabilites Certification Office (UCCO), I asked them the question directly and their response was: "Although there is a Category Holder for Servers on the UC APL webpage, Servers do not fall into the scope of the UCR nor do they fall into an existing product category.  This product can be purchased without an UC APL listing; however site certification and accreditation for IA must be met in the field."

Each customer or funded program goes through its own approval and accreditation process.  There is no single approver.  A program or agency has an assigned DAA (Designated Approving Authority) who's responsible for the security posture of  the entire program.  This includes reviewing the policies, people, products and procedures (4P) that are put in place.  This person signs his name on the line asserting that all reasonable actions have been taken to make the system secure in line with the job that it does.  This may include items like electro-magnetic shielding, encryption, firewalls as well as operating systems, password rules and auditing.  An accounting system gets a different amount of scrutiny than an intelligence gathering or combat system.

I can tell your from personal experience that Solaris 10 and 11 with Zones and Oracle VM for SPARC (aka LDOMs) are currently deployed in the US DoD. 

Why you should care.

Many government contractors or employees believe that they can't use a product unless it's on some approved list.  In most cases products can be used if sufficient rigor is  applied and the DAA can be convinced that the system is secure.  Solaris 10 and 11 provides a wide variety of security features that make this easier today than ever before.


About

Jim Laurent is an Oracle Sales consultant based in Reston, Virginia. He supports US DoD customers as part of the North American Public Sector hardware organization. With over 17 years experience at Sun and Oracle, he specializes in Solaris and server technologies. Prior to Oracle, Jim worked 11 years for Gould Computer Systems (later known as Encore).

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