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Insights and updates on Java SE and OpenJDK from the Java Platform Group Product Management Team

  • December 6, 2018

Oracle's Plan for Distrusting Symantec TLS Certificates in the JDK

Aurelio Garcia-Ribeyro
Director of Product Management

Oracle's JDK will stop trusting TLS certificates issued by Symantec, in line with similar plans recently announced by Google, Mozilla, Apple, and Microsoft. The list of affected certificates includes certificates branded as GeoTrust, Thawte, and VeriSign, which were managed by Symantec.

Starting with the critical patch releases planned for April 16, 2019, all supported JDK versions -that is 12, 11, 8 and 7- will begin distrusting new TLS Server certificates issued through the affected trust anchors (roots).

TLS Server certificates issued before April 16, 2019 will continue to be trusted until they expire. Certificates issued after that date will be rejected. See the DigiCert support page for information on how to replace your Symantec certificates with a DigiCert certificate (DigiCert took over validation and issuance for all Symantec Website Security SSL/TLS certificates on December 1, 2017).

The new restrictions will be enforced in the JDK implementation (the SunJSSE Provider) of the Java Secure Socket Extension (JSSE) API. A TLS session will not be negotiated if the server's certificate chain is anchored by any of the Certificate Authorities in the table below.

An application will receive an Exception with a message indicating the trust anchor is not trusted, ex:

    Untrusted trust anchor: CN=GeoTrust Global CA, O=GeoTrust Inc., C=US

In the release notes of the affected releases, Oracle will provide instructions on how to temporarily re-enable trust on the affected root anchors.

The restrictions will be imposed on the following Symantec Root certificates included in the JDK:

Root Certificates to be distrusted after 2019-04-16
Distinguished Name SHA-256 Fingerprint
CN=GeoTrust Global CA, O=GeoTrust Inc., C=US

FF:85:6A:2D:25:1D:CD:88:D3:66:56:F4:50:12:67:98:CF:AB:AA:DE:40:79:9C:72:2D:E4:D2:B5:DB:36:A7:3A

CN=GeoTrust Primary Certification Authority, O=GeoTrust Inc., C=US

37:D5:10:06:C5:12:EA:AB:62:64:21:F1:EC:8C:92:01:3F:C5:F8:2A:E9:8E:E5:33:EB:46:19:B8:DE:B4:D0:6C

CN=GeoTrust Primary Certification Authority - G2, OU=(c) 2007 GeoTrust Inc. - For authorized use only, O=GeoTrust Inc., C=US

5E:DB:7A:C4:3B:82:A0:6A:87:61:E8:D7:BE:49:79:EB:F2:61:1F:7D:D7:9B:F9:1C:1C:6B:56:6A:21:9E:D7:66

CN=GeoTrust Primary Certification Authority - G3, OU=(c) 2008 GeoTrust Inc. - For authorized use only, O=GeoTrust Inc., C=US

B4:78:B8:12:25:0D:F8:78:63:5C:2A:A7:EC:7D:15:5E:AA:62:5E:E8:29:16:E2:CD:29:43:61:88:6C:D1:FB:D4

CN=GeoTrust Universal CA, O=GeoTrust Inc., C=US

A0:45:9B:9F:63:B2:25:59:F5:FA:5D:4C:6D:B3:F9:F7:2F:F1:93:42:03:35:78:F0:73:BF:1D:1B:46:CB:B9:12

CN=thawte Primary Root CA, OU="(c) 2006 thawte, Inc. - For authorized use only", OU=Certification Services Division, O="thawte, Inc.", C=US

8D:72:2F:81:A9:C1:13:C0:79:1D:F1:36:A2:96:6D:B2:6C:95:0A:97:1D:B4:6B:41:99:F4:EA:54:B7:8B:FB:9F

CN=thawte Primary Root CA - G2, OU="(c) 2007 thawte, Inc. - For authorized use only", O="thawte, Inc.", C=US

A4:31:0D:50:AF:18:A6:44:71:90:37:2A:86:AF:AF:8B:95:1F:FB:43:1D:83:7F:1E:56:88:B4:59:71:ED:15:57

CN=thawte Primary Root CA - G3, OU="(c) 2008 thawte, Inc. - For authorized use only", OU=Certification Services Division, O="thawte, Inc.", C=US

4B:03:F4:58:07:AD:70:F2:1B:FC:2C:AE:71:C9:FD:E4:60:4C:06:4C:F5:FF:B6:86:BA:E5:DB:AA:D7:FD:D3:4C

EMAILADDRESS=premium-server@thawte.com, CN=Thawte Premium Server CA, OU=Certification Services Division, O=Thawte Consulting cc, L=Cape Town, ST=Western Cape, C=ZA

3F:9F:27:D5:83:20:4B:9E:09:C8:A3:D2:06:6C:4B:57:D3:A2:47:9C:36:93:65:08:80:50:56:98:10:5D:BC:E9

OU=VeriSign Trust Network, OU="(c) 1998 VeriSign, Inc. - For authorized use only", OU=Class 2 Public Primary Certification Authority - G2, O="VeriSign, Inc.", C=US

3A:43:E2:20:FE:7F:3E:A9:65:3D:1E:21:74:2E:AC:2B:75:C2:0F:D8:98:03:05:BC:50:2C:AF:8C:2D:9B:41:A1

OU=Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority, O="VeriSign, Inc.", C=US

A4:B6:B3:99:6F:C2:F3:06:B3:FD:86:81:BD:63:41:3D:8C:50:09:CC:4F:A3:29:C2:CC:F0:E2:FA:1B:14:03:05

OU=VeriSign Trust Network, OU="(c) 1998 VeriSign, Inc. - For authorized use only", OU=Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G2, O="VeriSign, Inc.", C=US

83:CE:3C:12:29:68:8A:59:3D:48:5F:81:97:3C:0F:91:95:43:1E:DA:37:CC:5E:36:43:0E:79:C7:A8:88:63:8B

CN=VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G3, OU="(c) 1999 VeriSign, Inc. - For authorized use only", OU=VeriSign Trust Network, O="VeriSign, Inc.", C=US

EB:04:CF:5E:B1:F3:9A:FA:76:2F:2B:B1:20:F2:96:CB:A5:20:C1:B9:7D:B1:58:95:65:B8:1C:B9:A1:7B:72:44

CN=VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G4, OU="(c) 2007 VeriSign, Inc. - For authorized use only", OU=VeriSign Trust Network, O="VeriSign, Inc.", C=US

69:DD:D7:EA:90:BB:57:C9:3E:13:5D:C8:5E:A6:FC:D5:48:0B:60:32:39:BD:C4:54:FC:75:8B:2A:26:CF:7F:79

CN=VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G5, OU="(c) 2006 VeriSign, Inc. - For authorized use only", OU=VeriSign Trust Network, O="VeriSign, Inc.", C=US

9A:CF:AB:7E:43:C8:D8:80:D0:6B:26:2A:94:DE:EE:E4:B4:65:99:89:C3:D0:CA:F1:9B:AF:64:05:E4:1A:B7:DF

CN=VeriSign Universal Root Certification Authority, OU="(c) 2008 VeriSign, Inc. - For authorized use only", OU=VeriSign Trust Network, O="VeriSign, Inc.", C=US

23:99:56:11:27:A5:71:25:DE:8C:EF:EA:61:0D:DF:2F:A0:78:B5:C8:06:7F:4E:82:82:90:BF:B8:60:E8:4B:3C

 

If you have a TLS Server certificate issued by one of the CAs above, you should have received a message from DigiCert with information about replacing that certificate, free of charge.

You can also use the keytool utility from the JDK to print out details of the certificate chain, as follows:

keytool -v -list -alias <your_server_alias> -keystore <your_keystore_filename>

If any of the certificates in the chain are issued by one of the root CAs in the table above are listed in the output you will need to update the certificate or contact the organization that manages the server if not yours.

Join the discussion

Comments ( 6 )
  • Emmanuel Bourg Friday, December 7, 2018
    Will this affect code signing certificates (such as "Symantec Class 3 SHA256 Code Signing CA") ?
  • Aurelio Garcia-Ribeyro Saturday, December 8, 2018
    Emmanuel, the change in April 2019 will only affect TLS connections. Code-signing is not affected at this time though if you are code-signing with a cert anchored in any of those roots you should still contact Digicert about a replacement.
  • Patrick T Monday, December 10, 2018
    Will this impact the sub CAs that are usually whitelisted?

    https://wiki.mozilla.org/CA/Additional_Trust_Changes#Symantec

    There are CAs for Apple and Google and Digicert there - are they distrusted also?
  • David Dillard Monday, December 10, 2018
    I'm really confused by this. It says "TLS Server certificates issued before April 16, 2019 will continue to be trusted until they expire. Certificates issued after that date will be rejected." Since we aren't to that date yet and since certs are being replaced for free, why would DigiCert ever issue a problematic cert? Is there maybe a typo above and it should say 2018?
  • Aurelio Garcia-Ribeyro Monday, December 10, 2018
    David,

    Even though DigiCert no longer issues any certificates anchored to those roots it is possible that some of their customers received certificates that allow creating sub-certs. For example, company XYZ could have a cert that allows them to create TLS certs for *.companyxyz.com. The IT department at company XYZ might have missed some notices and could still be using the intermediate certs to generate TLS certs.
  • Aurelio Garcia-Ribeyro Monday, December 10, 2018
    Patrick,

    There will be no special treatment for sub CAs that have been whitelisted. Those should no longer be used to issue new certs either. Note that certs issued before the deadline will be trusted until they expire. You will also have the option of configuring your JDK/JRE to trust a certificate even if it's distrusted by default.
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