Enabling TCP Wrappers on Solaris 10
By gbrunett-Oracle on Apr 06, 2005
Tip of the Month: Enabling TCP Wrappers in Solaris 10
Before answering this question, let's first provide a little background. TCP Wrappers has been around for many, many years. It is used to restrict access to TCP services based on host name, IP address, network address, etc. For more detailed on what TCP Wrappers is and how you can use it, see tcpd(1M). TCP Wrappers was integrated into Solaris starting in Solaris 9 where both Solaris Secure Shell and inetd-based (streams, nowait) services were wrapped. Bonus points are awarded to anyone who knows why UDP services are not wrapped by default.
TCP Wrappers support in Secure Shell was always enabled since Secure Shell always called the TCP Wrapper function host_access(3) to determine if a connection attempt should proceed. If TCP Wrappers was not configured on that system, access, by default, would be granted. Otherwise, the rules as defined in the hosts.allow and hosts.deny files would apply. For more information on these files, see hosts_access(4). Note that this and all of the TCP Wrappers manual pages a stored under /usr/sfw/man in Solaris 10. To view this manual page, you can use the following command:
$ man -M /usr/sfw/man -s 4 hosts_access
inetd-based services use TCP Wrappers in a different way. In Solaris 9, to enable TCP Wrappers for inetd-based services, you must edit the /etc/default/inetd file and set the ENABLE_TCPWRAPPERSparameter to YES. By default, TCP Wrappers was not enabled for inetd.
In Solaris 10, two new services were wrapped: sendmail and rpcbind. sendmail works in a way similar to Secure Shell. It always calls the host_access function and therefore TCP Wrappers support is always enabled. Nothing else needs to be done to enable TCP Wrappers support for that service. On the other hand, TCP Wrappers support for rpcbind must be enabled manually using the new Service Management Framework ("SMF"). Similarly, inetd was modified to use a SMF property to control whether TCP Wrappers is enabled for inetd-based services.
Let's look at how to enable TCP Wrappers for inetd and rpcbind...
To enable TCP Wrappers support for inetd-based services, you can simply use the following commands:
# inetadm -M tcp_wrappers=true # svcadm refresh inetd
This will enable TCP Wrappers for inetd-based (streams, nowait) services like telnet, rlogin, and ftp (for example):
# inetadm -l telnet | grep tcp_wrappers
You can see that this setting has taken effect for inetd by running the following command:
# svcprop -p defaults inetd defaults/tcp_wrappers boolean true
Note that you can also use the svccfg(1M) command to enable TCP Wrappers for inetd-based services.
# svccfg -s inetd setprop defaults/tcp_wrappers=true # svcadm refresh inetd
Whether you use inetadm(1M) or svccfg is really a matter of preference. Note that you can also use inetadm or svccfg to enable TCP Wrappers on a per-service basis. For example, let's say that we wanted to enable TCP Wrappers for telnet but not for ftp. By default, both the global and per-service settings for TCP Wrappers are disabled:
# inetadm -p | grep tcp_wrappers tcp_wrappers=FALSE # inetadm -l telnet | grep tcp_wrappers default tcp_wrappers=FALSE # inetadm -l ftp | grep tcp_wrappers default tcp_wrappers=FALSE
To enable TCP Wrappers for telnet, use the following command:
# inetadm -m telnet tcp_wrappers=TRUE
Let's check out settings again:
# inetadm -p | grep tcp_wrappers tcp_wrappers=FALSE # inetadm -l telnet | grep tcp_wrappers tcp_wrappers=TRUE # inetadm -l ftp | grep tcp_wrappers default tcp_wrappers=FALSE
As you can see, TCP Wrappers has been enabled for telnet but none of the other inetd-based services. Pretty cool, eh?
You can enable TCP Wrappers support for rpcbind by running the following command:
# svccfg -s rpc/bind setprop config/enable_tcpwrappers=true # svcadm refresh rpc/bind
This change can be verified by running:
# svcprop -p config/enable_tcpwrappers rpc/bind true
That is all that there is to it! Quick, easy and painless! As always, let me know what you think!