"The benefits of open standards are often spoken of in the abstract, that is, without quoting the $ impact and the € impact,"writes Trond-Arne Undheim. "Well, let's do that for a minute. But this time, with a structure. In fact, the benefits depend on who adopts them. Let me take an example, if the public sector adopts open standards, it makes public sector more effective, private sector more innovative, and citizens get more choice. A win-win for all, except the monopoly vendor. "