User Interface and Terminology Changes in ODI 12c - Part 2
By Julien Testut-Oracle on May 06, 2014
In the first blog post in this series we have covered many of the UI changes made in ODI 12c. In this second blog post we will continue covering some of the changes made at the Mapping level.
Declarative Flow-Based Design
The first major change you are probably going to see when using ODI 12c coming from earlier versions is that we have augmented the ODI Declarative Design concept with Flow-Based elements. The goal has been to take ELT/ETL Mapping design to the next level by providing greater flexibility and advanced features like new Mapping Components while still keeping the Logical and Physical representations separate. What it means in practice is that you can now do more with ODI Mappings such as writing to multiple targets or ordering your transformations the way you want it while still being more productive than you would be in a conventional ETL tool.
As an example I’ve added below a screenshot of an ODI 11g Interface and then a screenshot of its corresponding Mapping in 12c:
In ODI 11g aggregate functions were directly entered in the target datastore mapping expressions and the group by expression was automatically created by ODI.
In ODI 12c aggregates must now be performed using the Aggregate Component which is found in the Mapping Component palette. The Aggregate component allows you to specify manually the group by and having clauses which wasn’t possible in earlier ODI releases.
Using aggregate functions in a target datastore expression will now trigger a Mapping validation error and prevent its execution.
Doing a distinct operation in ODI 11g required checking the ‘Distinct Rows’ checkbox in the Target Properties panel in the Flow tab. In 12c doing a distinct operation is more straightforward and is defined explicitly using the Distinct Component which is available from the Mapping Components palette.
Filters can still be defined in a similar way to ODI 11g by simply drag and dropping a source Datastore attribute into the Diagram area surrounding it. It is also possible to use the new Filter Component from the Mapping Components palette. The Filter Condition is then provided in the Properties of the Filter Component.
Joins are created using the new Join Component from the Mapping Components palette. Outside of a Dataset Component (which we will review later), it is not possible anymore to drag and drop a column from one source Datastore to another one to create a join like in ODI 11g. Once you have added the Join Component into the Mapping diagram you can type the Join expression manually or drag and drop columns/attributes from the source datastores into the Join Component to build the Join expression graphically.
If you are using ordered joins in ODI 12c make sure you check the ‘Join Order’ checkbox and provide an order number in the ‘User Defined’ field. If no value is provided in the ‘User Defined’ field the ‘Join Order’ checkbox will automatically be unchecked by ODI. Those fields are available in the Condition panel of a Join Component Properties window as shown below.
The Lookup wizard found in ODI 11g has been replaced by a new Component named Lookup. We also spent some time optimizing the Lookup parameters to make it more intuitive and powerful. It is now, for example, possible to define what happens if there are multiple rows matched or if no records are being matched.
We still have many more enhancements to cover, stay tuned for the last post in this blog series!