Everything you want and need to know about Oracle SPARC systems performance

SPARC T5-8 Delivers SPECjEnterprise2010 Benchmark World Record Performance

Brian Whitney
Principal Software Engineer

Oracle produced a world record SPECjEnterprise2010 benchmark result of 57,422.17 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS using Oracle's SPARC T5-8 server in the application tier and another SPARC T5-8 server for the database tier.

  • The SPARC T5-8 server demonstrated 3.4x better performance compared to an 8-socket IBM Power 780 server result of 16,646.34 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS. The SPARC T5-8 is 3.7x less expensive for the application server hardware list cost compared to the IBM configuration.

  • The SPARC T5 processor demonstrated 1.7x better performance per core compared to the POWER7 processor used in the IBM Power 780 SPECjEnterprise2010 result.

  • The SPARC T5-8 server demonstrated 2.2x better performance compared to the Cisco UCS B440 M2 Blade Server result of 26,118.67 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS.

  • The SPARC T5-8 servers used in the application and database tiers ran the Oracle Solaris 11.1 operating system.

  • The SPARC T5-8 server for the application tier used Oracle Solaris Zones to consolidate sixteen Oracle WebLogic Server instances to achieve this result.

  • This result demonstrated less than 1 second response time for all SPECjEnterprise2010 transactions, while demonstrating a sustained load of Java EE 5 transactions equivalent to 468,000 users.

  • The SPARC T5-8 application server used Oracle Fusion Middleware components including the Oracle WebLogic 12.1 application server and Oracle JDK 7 Update 15. The SPARC T5-8 database server was configured with Oracle Database 11g Release 2.

  • This result used six Sun Server X3-2L systems each configured with 4 x 400 GB Sun Flash Accelerator F40 PCIe Card devices as storage servers for the database files.

  • This result represents the best performance/socket for a single system in the application tier of 7,177.77 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS per socket.

  • A single SPARC T5-8 server in the application tier producing 57,422.17 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS can replace a total of 4x SPARC T4-4 servers that obtained 40,104.86 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS. A single SPARC T5-8 server in the application tier producing 57,422.17 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS can replace 6x SPARC T3-4 servers where each SPARC T3-4 server obtained 9,456.28 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS.

  • Oracle Fusion Middleware provides a family of complete, integrated, hot pluggable and best-of-breed products known for enabling enterprise customers to create and run agile and intelligent business applications. Oracle WebLogic Server's on-going, record-setting Java application server performance demonstrates why so many customers rely on Oracle Fusion Middleware as their foundation for innovation.

Performance Landscape

Complete benchmark results are at the SPEC website, SPECjEnterprise2010 Results.

SPECjEnterprise2010 Performance Chart
as of 3/26/2013
EjOPS* Java EE Server DB Server
Oracle 57,422.17 1 x SPARC T5-8
8 chips, 128 cores, 3.6 GHz SPARC T5
Oracle WebLogic 12c (12.1.1)
1 x SPARC T5-8
8 chips, 128 cores, 3.6 GHz SPARC T5
Oracle Database 11g (
Oracle 40,104.86 4 x SPARC T4-4
4 chips, 32 cores, 3.0 GHz SPARC T4
Oracle WebLogic 11g (10.3.5)
2 x SPARC T4-4
4 chips, 32 cores, 3.0 GHz SPARC T4
Oracle Database 11g (
Oracle 27,150.05 1x Sun Server X2-8
8x 2.4 GHz Intel Xeon E7-8870
Oracle WebLogic 12c
1x Sun Server X2-4
4x 2.4 GHz Intel Xeon E7-4870
Oracle Database 11g (
Cisco 26,118.67 2 x Cisco UCS B440 M2
4 chips, 40 cores, 2.4 GHz Xeon E7-4870
Oracle WebLogic 11g (10.3.5)
1 x Cisco UCS C460 M2
4 chips, 40 cores, 2.4 GHz Xeon E7-4870
Oracle Database 11g (
IBM 16,646.34 1 x IBM Power 780
8 chips, 64 cores, 3.86 GHz POWER7
WebSphere Application Server V7.0
1 x IBM Power 750 Express
4 chips, 32 cores, 3.55 GHz POWER7
IBM DB2 Universal Database 9.7

* SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS (bigger is better)

Configuration Summary

Application Server:

1 x SPARC T5-8 server, with
8 x 3.6 GHz SPARC T5 processors
2 TB memory
8 x 10 GbE dual-port NIC
Oracle Solaris 11.1 SRU 4.5
Oracle WebLogic Server 12c (12.1.1)
Oracle JDK 7 Update 15

Database Server:

1 x SPARC T5-8 server, with
8 x 3.6 GHz SPARC T5 processors
2 TB memory
5 x 10 GbE dual-port NIC
6 x 8 Gb FC dual-port HBA
Oracle Solaris 11.1 SRU 4.5
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release

Storage Servers:

6 x Sun Server X3-2L (12-Drive), with
2 x 2.4 GHz Intel Xeon
16 GB memory
1 x 8 Gb FC HBA
4 x Sun Flash Accelerator F40 PCI-E Card
Oracle Solaris 11.1

2 x Sun Storage 2540-M2 Array
12 x 600 GB 15K RPM SAS HDD

Switch Hardware:

1 x Sun Network 10 GbE 72-port Top of Rack (ToR) Switch

Benchmark Description

SPECjEnterprise2010 is the third generation of the SPEC organization's J2EE end-to-end industry standard benchmark application. The new SPECjEnterprise2010 benchmark has been re-designed and developed to cover the Java EE 5 specification's significantly expanded and simplified programming model, highlighting the major features used by developers in the industry today. This provides a real world workload driving the Application Server's implementation of the Java EE specification to its maximum potential and allowing maximum stressing of the underlying hardware and software systems,

  • The web zone, servlets, and web services
  • The EJB zone
  • JPA 1.0 Persistence Model
  • JMS and Message Driven Beans
  • Transaction management
  • Database connectivity

Moreover, SPECjEnterprise2010 also heavily exercises all parts of the underlying infrastructure that make up the application environment, including hardware, JVM software, database software, JDBC drivers, and the system network.

The primary metric of the SPECjEnterprise2010 benchmark is jEnterprise Operations Per Second (SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS). The primary metric for the SPECjEnterprise2010 benchmark is calculated by adding the metrics of the Dealership Management Application in the Dealer Domain and the Manufacturing Application in the Manufacturing Domain. There is NO price/performance metric in this benchmark.

Key Points and Best Practices

  • Sixteen Oracle WebLogic server instances on the SPARC T5-8 server were hosted in 16 separate Oracle Solaris Zones to demonstrate consolidation of multiple application servers.
  • Each Oracle Solaris Zone was bound to a separate processor set, each contained total 58 hardware strands. This was done to improve performance by using the physical memory closest to the processors to reduce memory access latency. The default set was used for network and disk interrupt handling.
  • The Oracle WebLogic application servers were executed in the FX scheduling class to improve performance by reducing the frequency of context switches.
  • The Oracle database processes were run in 8 processor sets using psrset(1M) and executed in the FX scheduling class. This improved performance by reducing memory access latency and reducing context switches.
  • The Oracle log writer process was run in a separate processor set containing a single core and run in the RT scheduling class. This insured that the log writer had the most efficient use of CPU resources.

See Also

Disclosure Statement

SPEC and the benchmark name SPECjEnterprise are registered trademarks of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. Results from www.spec.org as of 3/26/2013. SPARC T5-8, 57,422.17 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS; SPARC T4-4, 40,104.86 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS; Sun Server X2-8, 27,150.05 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS; Cisco UCS B440 M2, 26,118.67 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS; IBM Power 780, 16,646.34 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS. SPARC T3-4 9456.28 SPECjEnterprise2010 EjOPS.

SPARC T5-8 (SPARC T5-8 Server base package, 8xSPARC T5 16-core processors, 128x16GB-1066 DIMMS, 2x600GB 10K RPM 2.5. SAS-2 HDD, 4x Power Cables) List Price $268,742. IBM Power 780 (IBM Power 780:9179 Model MHB, 8x3.8GHz 16-core, 64x one processor activation, 4xCEC Enclosure with IBM Bezel, I/O Backplane and System Midplane,16x 0/32GB DDR3 Memory (4x8GB) DIMMS-1066MHz Power7 CoD Memory, 12x Activation of 1 GB DDR3 Power7 Memory, 5x Activation of 100GB DDR3 Power7 Memory, 1x Disk/Media Backplane. 2x 146.8GB SAS 15K RPM 2.5. HDD (AIX/Linux only), 4x AC Power Supply 1725W) List Price $992,023. Source: Oracle.com and IBM.com, collected 03/18/2013.

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