如何找回被create or replace覆盖的PL/SQL对象

有同学在T.Askmaclean.com上提问关于10gR2下原存储过程procedure,因为开发人员误操作create or replace 使用同样的过程名导致原存储过程被覆盖,希望通过Oracle技术手段在不停机的前提下找回原存储过程procedure。

这里Maclean 提供2种10gR2以后可以在线挽救被覆盖PL/SQL对象的方案:

方案1: 利用Flashback Query 闪回特性,该方案并不要求数据库已启用flashback database,唯一和最关键的要求是create or replace时递归SQL删除source$数据字典基础表相关的undo data,不要因为时间过久而被重用:

SQL> select * from V$version;

BANNER
----------------------------------------------------------------
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 - 64bi
PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production
CORE    10.2.0.5.0      Production
TNS for Linux: Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production

SQL> select * from global_name;

GLOBAL_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
www.oracledatabase12g.com

SQL> create or replace procedure maclean_proc as
   2  begin
   3  execute immediate 'select 1 from dual';
   4  end;
   5  /

Procedure created.

SQL> select * from dba_source where name='MACLEAN_PROC';

 OWNER      NAME                           TYPE               LINE TEXT
 ---------- ------------------------------ ------------ ---------- --------------------------------------------------
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             1 procedure maclean_proc as
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             2 begin
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             3 execute immediate 'select 1 from dual';
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             4 end;

SQL> select current_scn from v$database;

 CURRENT_SCN
 -----------
     2660057

create or replace procedure maclean_proc as
begin
-- I am new procedure
execute immediate 'select 2 from dual';
end;
/

Procedure created.

SQL> select current_scn from v$database;

 CURRENT_SCN
 -----------
     2660113

 SQL> select * from dba_source where name='MACLEAN_PROC';

 OWNER      NAME                           TYPE               LINE TEXT
 ---------- ------------------------------ ------------ ---------- --------------------------------------------------
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             1 procedure maclean_proc as
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             2 begin
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             3 -- I am new procedure
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             4 execute immediate 'select 2 from dual';
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             5 end;

SQL> create table old_source as select * from dba_source as of scn 2660057 where name='MACLEAN_PROC';

Table created.

SQL> select * from old_source where name='MACLEAN_PROC';

 OWNER      NAME                           TYPE               LINE TEXT
 ---------- ------------------------------ ------------ ---------- --------------------------------------------------
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             1 procedure maclean_proc as
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             2 begin
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             3 execute immediate 'select 1 from dual';
 SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             4 end;

如果无法找出准备的scn作为flashback query闪回原点,那么可以尝试使用as of timestamp多次指定不同的时间点,一般只要PL/SQL对象被覆盖的时间不要太久且实例对undo的并发事务需求较低时,都可以通过以上方法找回被replace/drop 覆盖或删除的PL/SQL对象。

方案2 利用logminer找出replace/drop PL/SQL对象的递归SQL主要是DELETE语句,利用logminer的UNDO SQL来找回PL/SQL对象的定义。

该方案的前提是启用了归档且相关的archivelog未被删除,数据库最好是启用了最小追加日志 minimal supplemental logging,否则可能出现挖掘出的Unsupported SQLREDO的情况:

create or replace替换 一个 procedure存储过程的递归SQL包括以下这些, 主要是删除原procedure在数据字典中的记录并插入新的记录, source$字典基表是找回存储过程的重点:

SQL> ALTER DATABASE ADD SUPPLEMENTAL LOG DATA;

Database altered.

SQL> create or replace procedure maclean_proc as
  2  begin
  3  execute immediate 'select 1 from dual';
  4  end;
  5  /

Procedure created.

SQL>
SQL> oradebug setmypid;
Statement processed.
SQL>
SQL> oradebug event 10046 trace name context forever,level 12;
Statement processed.
SQL>
SQL> create or replace procedure maclean_proc as
  2  begin
  3  execute immediate 'select 2 from dual';
  4  end;
  5  /

Procedure created.

SQL> oradebug tracefile_name
/s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_4305.trc

[oracle@vrh8 ~]$ egrep  "update|insert|delete|merge"  /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_4305.trc
delete from procedureinfo$ where obj#=:1
delete from argument$ where obj#=:1
delete from procedurec$ where obj#=:1
delete from procedureplsql$ where obj#=:1
delete from procedurejava$ where obj#=:1
delete from vtable$ where obj#=:1
insert into procedureinfo$(obj#,procedure#,overload#,procedurename,properties,itypeobj#) values (:1,:2,:3,:4,:5,:6)
insert into argument$( obj#,procedure$,procedure#,overload#,position#,sequence#,level#,argument,type#,default#,in_out,length,precision#,scale,radix,charsetid,charsetform,properties,type_owner,type_name,type_subname,type_linkname,pls_type) values (:1,:2,:3,:4,:5,:6,:7,:8,:9,:10,:11,:12,:13,:14,:15,:16,:17,:18,:19,:20,:21,:22,:23)
insert into procedureplsql$(obj#,procedure#,entrypoint#) values (:1,:2,:3)
update procedure$ set audit$=:2,options=:3 where obj#=:1
delete from source$ where obj#=:1
insert into source$(obj#,line,source) values (:1,:2,:3)
delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3
delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3
delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3
delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3
delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2
update idl_sb4$ set piece#=:1 ,length=:2 , piece=:3 where obj#=:4 and part=:5 and piece#=:6 and version=:7
update idl_ub1$ set piece#=:1 ,length=:2 , piece=:3 where obj#=:4 and part=:5 and piece#=:6 and version=:7
update idl_char$ set piece#=:1 ,length=:2 , piece=:3 where obj#=:4 and part=:5 and piece#=:6 and version=:7
update idl_ub2$ set piece#=:1 ,length=:2 , piece=:3 where obj#=:4 and part=:5 and piece#=:6 and version=:7
delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3
delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3
delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3
delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3
delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2
delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and (piece#<:3 or piece#>:4) and version=:5
delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and (piece#<:3 or piece#>:4) and version=:5
delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and (piece#<:3 or piece#>:4) and version=:5
delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and (piece#<:3 or piece#>:4) and version=:5
delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3
delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3
delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3
delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3
delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2
update idl_sb4$ set piece#=:1 ,length=:2 , piece=:3 where obj#=:4 and part=:5 and piece#=:6 and version=:7
update idl_ub1$ set piece#=:1 ,length=:2 , piece=:3 where obj#=:4 and part=:5 and piece#=:6 and version=:7
delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and (piece#<:3 or piece#>:4) and version=:5
delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and (piece#<:3 or piece#>:4) and version=:5
delete from error$ where obj#=:1
delete from settings$ where obj# = :1
insert into settings$(obj#, param, value) values (:1, :2, :3)
delete from warning_settings$ where obj# = :1
insert into warning_settings$(obj#, warning_num, global_mod, property) values (:1, :2, :3, :4)
delete from dependency$ where d_obj#=:1
delete from access$ where d_obj#=:1
insert into dependency$(d_obj#,d_timestamp,order#,p_obj#,p_timestamp, property, d_attrs)values (:1,:2,:3,:4,:5,:6, :7)
insert into access$(d_obj#,order#,columns,types) values (:1,:2,:3,:4)
update obj$ set obj#=:6,type#=:7,ctime=:8,mtime=:9,stime=:10,status=:11,dataobj#=:13,flags=:14,oid$=:15,spare1=:16, spare2=:17 where owner#=:1 and name=:2 and namespace=:3 and(remoteowner=:4 or remoteowner is null and :4 is null)and(linkname=:5 or linkname is null and :5 is null)and(subname=:12 or subname is null and :12 is null)

而drop procedure也会类似的去source$删除该PL/SQL对应的记录:

SQL>  oradebug setmypid;
Statement processed.
SQL>  oradebug event 10046 trace name context forever,level 12;
Statement processed.
SQL> drop procedure maclean_proc;

Procedure dropped.

SQL> oradebug tracefile_name
/s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_4331.trc

delete from context$ where obj#=:1
delete from dir$ where obj#=:1
delete from type_misc$ where obj#=:1
delete from library$ where obj#=:1
delete from procedure$ where obj#=:1
delete from javaobj$ where obj#=:1
delete from operator$ where obj#=:1
delete from opbinding$ where obj#=:1
delete from opancillary$ where obj#=:1
delete from oparg$ where obj# = :1
delete from com$ where obj#=:1
delete from source$ where obj#=:1
delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2
delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2
delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2
delete from error$ where obj#=:1
delete from settings$ where obj# = :1
delete from procedureinfo$ where obj#=:1
delete from argument$ where obj#=:1
delete from procedurec$ where obj#=:1
delete from procedureplsql$ where obj#=:1
delete from procedurejava$ where obj#=:1
delete from vtable$ where obj#=:1
delete from dependency$ where d_obj#=:1
delete from access$ where d_obj#=:1
delete from objauth$ where obj#=:1
update obj$ set obj#=:6,type#=:7,ctime=:8,mtime=:9,stime=:10,status=:11,dataobj#=:13,flags=:14,oid$=:15,spare1=:16, spare2=:17 where owner#=:1 and name=:2 and namespace=:3 and(remoteowner=:4 or remoteowner is null and :4 is null)and(linkname=:5 or linkname is null and :5 is null)and(subname=:12 or subname is null and :12 is null)

开始正觉挖掘日志寻找source$相关的redo:

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

System altered.

SQL> select sequence#,name from v$archived_log where sequence#=(select max(sequence#) from v$archived_log);

 SEQUENCE#
----------
NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       242
/s01/flash_recovery_area/G10R25/archivelog/2012_05_21/o1_mf_1_242_7vnm13k6_.arc

SQL> exec dbms_logmnr.add_logfile ('/s01/flash_recovery_area/G10R25/archivelog/2012_05_21/o1_mf_1_242_7vnm13k6_.arc',options => dbms_logmnr.new);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> exec dbms_logmnr.start_logmnr(options => dbms_logmnr.dict_from_online_catalog);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> select sql_redo,sql_undo from v$logmnr_contents where seg_name = 'SOURCE$' and operation='DELETE';

delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '1' and "SOURCE" = 'procedure maclean_proc as
' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAN';
insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','1','procedure maclean_proc as
');

delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '2' and "SOURCE" = 'begin
' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAO';
insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','2','begin
');

delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '3' and "SOURCE" = 'execute immediate ''select 1 from dual'';
' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAP';
insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','3','execute immediate ''select 1 from dual'';
');

delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '4' and "SOURCE" = 'end;' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAQ';
insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','4','end;');

delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '1' and "SOURCE" = 'procedure maclean_proc as
' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAJ';
insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','1','procedure maclean_proc as
');

delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '2' and "SOURCE" = 'begin
' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAK';
insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','2','begin
');

delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '3' and "SOURCE" = 'execute immediate ''select 2 from dual'';
' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAL';
insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','3','execute immediate ''select 2 from dual'';
');

delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '4' and "SOURCE" = 'end;' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAM';
insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','4','end;');

可以利用 logminer获得的UNDO SQL替换其中的表名source$为临时表,将DELETE的数据插入到这张临时表中,之后查询SOURCE字段就可以获得被覆盖前的PL/SQL对象的DDL定义。

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