Merb on JRuby 1.1 RC3


This blog provides how you can get started with Merb on JRuby 1.1 RC3.

Merb is another MVC framework (just like Rails) but with a pluggable ORM, JavaScript library and Template language. Rails has built-in support for these using ActiveRecord, Script.aculo.us and ERB templates. Making it pluggable keeps the core very lightweight and still providing support for a particular feature using plugins. Another big advantage of Merb is that unlike Rails it's thread-safe.

There are already third party supports for ActiveRecord, DataMapper and Sequel ORMs. I will hopefully be able to build support for Java Persistence API ORM in Merb. Until then, here is how you install and get started with Merb on JRuby 1.1 RC3.

Install Merb on JRuby as:
Macintosh-187:jruby-1.1RC3 arungupta$ bin/jruby -S gem install merb mongrel
JRuby limited openssl loaded. gem install jruby-openssl for full support.
http://wiki.jruby.org/wiki/JRuby_Builtin_OpenSSL
Updating metadata for 339 gems from http://gems.rubyforge.org
.........................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................
........................
complete
Successfully installed abstract-1.0.0
Successfully installed erubis-2.5.0
Successfully installed json_pure-1.1.2
Successfully installed rack-0.3.0
Successfully installed hpricot-0.6-java
Successfully installed mime-types-1.15
Successfully installed merb-core-0.9.2
Successfully installed merb-action-args-0.9.2
Successfully installed merb-assets-0.9.2
Successfully installed activesupport-2.0.2
Successfully installed rubigen-1.2.4
Successfully installed merb-gen-0.9.2
Successfully installed merb-haml-0.9.2
Successfully installed merb-builder-0.9.2
Successfully installed mailfactory-1.2.3
Successfully installed merb-mailer-0.9.2
Successfully installed merb-parts-0.9.2
Successfully installed merb-cache-0.9.2
Successfully installed merb-more-0.9.2
Successfully installed merb-0.9.2
Successfully installed gem_plugin-0.2.3
Successfully installed mongrel-1.1.4-java
22 gems installed
Installing ri documentation for json_pure-1.1.2...
Installing ri documentation for rack-0.3.0...
Installing ri documentation for hpricot-0.6-java...
Installing ri documentation for mime-types-1.15...
Installing ri documentation for merb-core-0.9.2...
Installing ri documentation for merb-action-args-0.9.2...
Installing ri documentation for merb-assets-0.9.2...
Installing ri documentation for activesupport-2.0.2...
Installing ri documentation for rubigen-1.2.4...
Installing ri documentation for merb-gen-0.9.2...
Installing ri documentation for merb-haml-0.9.2...
Installing ri documentation for merb-builder-0.9.2...
Installing ri documentation for mailfactory-1.2.3...
Installing ri documentation for merb-mailer-0.9.2...
Installing ri documentation for merb-parts-0.9.2...
Installing ri documentation for merb-cache-0.9.2...
Installing ri documentation for gem_plugin-0.2.3...
Installing ri documentation for mongrel-1.1.4-java...
Installing RDoc documentation for json_pure-1.1.2...
Installing RDoc documentation for rack-0.3.0...
Installing RDoc documentation for hpricot-0.6-java...
Installing RDoc documentation for mime-types-1.15...
Installing RDoc documentation for merb-core-0.9.2...
Installing RDoc documentation for merb-action-args-0.9.2...
Installing RDoc documentation for merb-assets-0.9.2...
Installing RDoc documentation for activesupport-2.0.2...
Installing RDoc documentation for rubigen-1.2.4...
Installing RDoc documentation for merb-gen-0.9.2...
Installing RDoc documentation for merb-haml-0.9.2...
Installing RDoc documentation for merb-builder-0.9.2...
Installing RDoc documentation for mailfactory-1.2.3...
Installing RDoc documentation for merb-mailer-0.9.2...
Installing RDoc documentation for merb-parts-0.9.2...
Installing RDoc documentation for merb-cache-0.9.2...
Installing RDoc documentation for gem_plugin-0.2.3...
Installing RDoc documentation for mongrel-1.1.4-java...
This is so much simpler than couple of weeks ago where all the dependencies had to be explicitly installed. Now create a sample application as:

Macintosh-187:jruby-1.1RC3 arungupta$ cd samples/
Macintosh-187:samples arungupta$ mkdir merb
Macintosh-187:samples arungupta$ cd merb/
Macintosh-187:merb arungupta$ ../../bin/jruby -S merb-gen app hello
RubiGen::Scripts::Generate
      create  app
      create  autotest
      create  config
      create  public
      create  spec
      create  app/controllers
      create  app/helpers
      create  app/views
      create  app/views/exceptions
      create  app/views/layout
      create  config/environments
      create  public/images
      create  public/stylesheets
      create  autotest/discover.rb
      create  autotest/merb.rb
      create  autotest/merb_rspec.rb
      create  config/rack.rb
      create  config/router.rb
      create  config/init.rb
      create  public/merb.fcgi
      create  spec/spec.opts
      create  spec/spec_helper.rb
      create  app/controllers/application.rb
      create  app/controllers/exceptions.rb
      create  app/helpers/global_helpers.rb
      create  app/views/exceptions/internal_server_error.html.erb
      create  app/views/exceptions/not_acceptable.html.erb
      create  app/views/exceptions/not_found.html.erb
      create  app/views/layout/application.html.erb
      create  config/environments/development.rb
      create  config/environments/production.rb
      create  config/environments/rake.rb
      create  config/environments/test.rb
      create  public/images/merb.jpg
      create  public/stylesheets/master.css
      create  /Rakefile

The top-level directory looks like:

Macintosh-187:hello arungupta$ ls -la
total 8
drwxr-xr-x  8 arungupta  arungupta   272 Apr  1 22:20 .
drwxr-xr-x  3 arungupta  arungupta   102 Apr  1 22:20 ..
-rw-r--r--  1 arungupta  arungupta  3334 Apr  1 22:20 Rakefile
drwxr-xr-x  5 arungupta  arungupta   170 Apr  1 22:20 app
drwxr-xr-x  5 arungupta  arungupta   170 Apr  1 22:20 autotest
drwxr-xr-x  6 arungupta  arungupta   204 Apr  1 22:20 config
drwxr-xr-x  5 arungupta  arungupta   170 Apr  1 22:20 public
drwxr-xr-x  4 arungupta  arungupta   136 Apr  1 22:20 spec

And finally start the app as:

Macintosh-187:hello arungupta$ ../../../bin/jruby -S merb
JRuby limited openssl loaded. gem install jruby-openssl for full support.
http://wiki.jruby.org/wiki/JRuby_Builtin_OpenSSL
 ~ Loaded DEVELOPMENT Environment...
 ~ Compiling routes...
 ~ Using 'share-nothing' cookie sessions (4kb limit per client)
 ~ Using Mongrel adapter

And the default app is hosted at "http://localhost:4000/" and shown in the browser as:

There is a wealth of information available to get you going after this. Here are couple of things to try:
  • If possible, use WARbler to package Merb app and deploy on GlassFish.
  • Try Java Persistence API as the pluggable ORM.

Technorati: rubyonrails merb jruby ruby jpa glassfish
Comments:

This is very cool. I've been meaning to give Merb a go on JRuby, now I don't have an excuse:).

Posted by Jonathan Conway on April 06, 2008 at 07:51 PM PDT #

I want to thank you for your posts on merb/rails & glassfish.
And I'm really interested on one of your last sentences
'If possible, use WARbler to package Merb app and deploy on GlassFish.'
Do you have more infos or could you write more on this?
Thanks again!

Posted by ettober on April 22, 2008 at 11:55 PM PDT #

ettober,

This is an area of investigation for myself :) At this point, I don't know if Warbler supports packaging Merb applications as WAR and then deploy on GlassFish. Another option that I'll try is native deployment of Merb apps on GlassFish. Purely an area of investigation and possible food of thought for others ...

-Arun

Posted by Arun Gupta on April 22, 2008 at 11:58 PM PDT #

Arun --

Why would Warbler be designed only to package Rails applications? If it is so specific, then it really ought to be redesigned, as merb is just one example of the new frameworks that would greatly benefit from a 'deploy to Glassfish' option. I am developing for Waves (http://rubywaves.com), myself, and will be looking into deploying it into glassfish in the near future. Unfortunately, there are ZERO docs for how to undertake this. Certainly if you (awesome) folks at Sun can work on easy deployment of any framework that uses rack, then jruby and glassfish will enter a new phase of being the darling of the New.

Sun is already well positioned with NetBeans 6.1 incredible Ruby support. Unfortunately that effort also seems to be suffering from the 'Rails is Ruby' fallacy. Sun has nothing but marketshare to rake in. Please use your position from the inside to make sure they don't shoot themselves in the foot by only catering to the one framework that Rubyists are moving AWAY from.

Posted by ab5ract on May 05, 2008 at 10:33 AM PDT #

ab5ract,

Rack-based deployment now work on GlassFish. Read more details at:

http://blogs.sun.com/arungupta/entry/war_based_packaging_and_deployment

Let me know if you have any questions while moving to GlassFish.
-Arun

Posted by Arun Gupta on May 19, 2008 at 07:37 AM PDT #

I've just set up a combination of JRuby + Glassfish + Merb. See http://blog.nodeta.fi/2008/05/22/living-on-the-edge-jruby-merb-glassfish/ for more information.

Posted by Otto Hilska on May 22, 2008 at 08:01 AM PDT #

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Arun Gupta is a technology enthusiast, a passionate runner, author, and a community guy who works for Oracle Corp.


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