mardi avr. 14, 2009

Sample Hibernate Community Package for GlassFish v3

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This is the second of a series of entries for people interested in producing packages for GlassFish v3 and hosting them on a live repository. The previous entry is IPS/pkg(5) crash-course for GlassFish v3 community package developers - Part 1. The next entry is here: Different strategies for building different packages (for GlassFish v3).

In this entry, we'll go through the various parts required to make the Hibernate library available to end-users via the GlassFish v3 Update Center. This enables developers to add this library with a single step, thus avoiding various well-known jar/classloader issues. In a team of multiple developers, all can install the library in the same manner. This provisioning/install approach can be extended beyond the simple use of a library, but let's start with something simple (more in other entries).

As introduced in the previous entry the glassfish-repo project is where it all happens. It provides a bootstrapping mechanism to abstract away the low-level details of creating and publishing IPS packages. Looking at the code hosted on glassfish-repo, you'll find a top-level directory called packager/ which has sub-directories, each corresponding to an IPS package for GlassFish v3.

There's a bit of setup described here for the following:
Update Center 2.x toolkit image. This is the cross-platform bootstrap code needed for creating, publishing, installing, and installing IPS packages. Get it from You will need to add pkg/bin and pkg/python2.4-minimal/bin to your PATH
and pkg/python2.4-minimal/lib and pkg/vendor-packages to LD_LIBRARY_PATH. You will not manipulate this toolkit yourself, a Maven plugin will do it for you.
Subversion (to check out the project code). This is not needed if you create your own local directory structure and don't intend to publish back to this glassfish-repo project (although we'd love for you to share as much as you possibly can).
Maven 2.0.9 (everything is built using Maven2 in GlassFish v3 btw).

Key files and directories
There are really three key files and a directory for building an IPS package (this is documented here, so inlining it here for brevity) :
packager/package-name/pom.xml, the Maven config file to describe any dependency used when building the IPS package and the Maven profile/plugin that does all the packaging magic for you.
packager/package-name/build.xml, the ANT script that lays out the files on disk as they should be installed on the target GlassFish instance.
packager/package-name/src/main/resources/ is called the prototype file and it contains the metadata required to build the package (name, version, license, and various attributes). The file format is well-documented here.
packager/package-name/target/stage is the staging area where the above ANT script should layout the files (with proper permissions) required by the IPS package. This is the root of a glassfish v3 install.

Before looking at the Hibernate example, consider studying packager/sample-package and using it as a template for your own packages.

Authoring the Hibernate IPS package example
The Hibernate package artifacts available from the glassfish-repo project has the following interesting content (click on the filenames to see the entire content):

packager/package-name/pom.xml contains the existing Maven profile and plugin definition encapsulating the IPS logic and adds a dependency to the hibernate-ips artifact (version hosted on the Maven2 repository :

packager/package-name/build.xml simply creates the target/stage directory and places the various libraries required by Hibernate into the lib/ directory, thus making the framework available to all the applications deployed in a domain or instance related to the GlassFish install for which users will be installing this package. Check this link for how to best use the "Common Class Loader" and decide where you need to place your jar files. Optionally you can use the <attachArtifact> tag to create an .ipstgz file (also discussed here) to archive the work done by this script.

packager/package-name/src/main/resources/ contains pretty self-explanatory metadata for the IPS package (name, version, summary, description, and classification). In particular this is where you reference the location of the LICENSE.txt file (name and location can be different). dirtrees offers a way to take a subset of what is in the staging area by explicitly listing the directories that should be considered as being part of the IPS package. More documentation on the format of the file can be found here. Most of this is presented to the user when listing or installing the package. There is no dependency specified for this package. If you are not familiar with the Python syntax, I would suggest you look at IDE's (such as NetBeans) offering Python support (color-syntaxing, etc...) to avoid debugging issues late in the build process.

packager/package-name/target/stage contains a single "glassfish" subdirectory that corresponds to the top-level directory in a GlassFish v3 prelude install and all the Hibernate JAR files are placed into the lib/ directory of the appserver install. This translates into having them placed in GLASSFISH_V3_INSTALL/glassfish/lib. Note that you shouldn't assume the presence of any particular domain such as "domain1" (more on that in another post).

Publishing and testing
Building and publishing is really a single-step process with IPS so you need to start a local repository using:
$ pkg.depotd -d ips-toolkit-dir/pkg -p 10000 --rebuild (running on part 10000. Full documentation here.

At that point, you can simply invoke maven from the package directory root (packager/hibernate in our case) with the appropriate repository URL, the path to the python binary, and the "ips" profile name :
$ mvn -Drepo.url=http://localhost:10000 -Dpython=ips-toolkit-dir/pkg/python2.4-minimal/bin/python -P ips

Once the package is successfully packaged, you can use GlassFish's Update Tool (GF_V3_INSTALL/bin/updatetool) or the pkg CLI to :
• add http://localhost:10000 as an additional repository
• test the package

Another post will soon cover how packages can make their way on to the "live" repository.

If you're interested in the maven-makepkgs-plugin logic/magic used build the IPS on your behalf, read the project's main page, and this post by Kohsuke. You'll find out how to build a package with a single src/ file (no ANT) and getting most of it's metadata straight from Maven.

Going further...
Upcoming entries will covers the process to actually publish your packages to the GlassFish repository. This entry covers Different strategies for building different packages (for GlassFish v3). Expect also more entries on building more advanced packages.

lundi avr. 06, 2009

IPS/pkg(5) crash-course for GlassFish v3 community package developers - Part 1

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Follow the link for the most up-to-date version of this blog entry.

This is the first of a series of entries for people interested in producing packages for GlassFish v3 and hosting them on a live repository. Part 2 describing the Hibernate package is here. Part 3 discussing different strategies for building different packages is there.

GlassFish v3 (starting with the "Prelude" release from last Fall) uses IPS, aka pkg(5), to manage the various bits and pieces (modules or packages) of the application server. IPS stands for Image Packaging System and comes from the OpenSolaris land and gives GlassFish v3 a graphical (bin/updatetool) and CLI (bin/pkg) tools to manage packages, those that come with GlassFish and the ones available from IPS repositories. The new web admin console also integrates an IPS client. These tools let you browse, install, update, and remove packages very similar to Synaptic/apt, Eclipse, or NetBeans (note that this is different from the technology used for the update center in GlassFish v2). This "Getting Started" is a great intro to using the Update Center.

If you're interested in IPS, there's a bunch of resources around IPS and this IPS primer by Kohsuke is one such good resource for a pragmatic view and tools such as makepkgs, and recommandations for testing packages and moving them around. This current blog entry focuses on the GlassFish perspective and in particular for people interested in creating they're own packages to add features or applications to GlassFish. In the case of GlassFish v3 Prelude, existing packages are listed directly on the various repositories:
"% bin/pkg authority" lists registered repositories while "% bin/updatetool" provides an equivalent but graphical view.

There are potentially really different sorts of packages that can be installed via IPS and the GlassFish Update Center: frameworks, Java EE applications, standalone applications, and GlassFish extensions. Future blogs will go into each of those but, in a nutshell, it's all about laying out files on disk and adding some extra metadata to the package itself (name, license, etc...).

IPS is also used throughout the middleware organization at Sun to deliver its software and is the project that defines a portable (not just OpenSolaris) environment and tools to make this happen. In particular, you will most likely need a pre-installed Toolkit Image specific to the platform used for producing the packages (IPS is written in Python and this toolkit contains the pkg binary, a minimal Python 1.4 runtime, and a number of Java APIs).

The first thing you probably need to know is that is the place to start to avoid having to understand the intricacies of IPS. This is where you will be asked to provide :
• your artifacts (the actual files or a Maven dependency expressed in pom.xml)
• license and readme files
• a simple python file containing additional meta-data: version, description, dependencies, and more
• a build.xml ANT script laying out the bits in a staging area

My next entry in this series walks through the existing "hibernate" package available in source format on glassfish-repo and already live in the contrib GlassFish v3 Prelude repository.


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