How to install Solaris 10 05/08 or 10/08 for a POC
By user12609114 on Oct 29, 2008
UPDATE: While these directions where made for 05/08 the install for 10/08 is identical and these will work as well.
In the desktop virtualization world, we do a lot of Windows desktop virtualization. Hence we bump into many Windows Administrators who have never installed Solaris. There is no black magic to installing Solaris, it is very similar to Windows in that you click through some text based screens and then some windows based screens, watch for periods of time while the installer runs, a reboot and you are running Solaris.
The goal of this guide is help a Windows administrator step through the installation prompts of Solaris to get a server up and running. Note just like Windows server, Solaris servers can be tuned for many different functions. The different aspects are out of scope of this guide and again the goal here is to get Solaris up and running for a POC.
To install Solaris you are going to need at least 768MB of RAM. Note you can install it with 512, but the gui installer will not start and you will be in a text based installation mode. Also the installer checks that you have at least 8GB of disk. Once Solaris is installed it will use around 3GB of disk. You will also need a somewhat modern version of a processor, Pentium 4 at a minimum. Note these are not the official hardware requirements. Just my recommendations for a POC server. Obviously the more specs the better! The official Solaris hardware list can be found here. Note the list is for servers that have been qualified and Solaris support can be purchased on. If your server is not on the list, Solaris may very well install and run on it. The Sun Device Detection Tool will let you know if Solaris will run on the system or not.
Next you are going to need to get the media. Solaris can be downloaded or ordered from this link. If you download Solaris you will need to burn a DVD. So without further ado, lets get this install rolling by putting the DVD in the drive and booting the system.
You will be asking what type of installation you want to perform. Select the default Solaris interactive. The system will identify the nics and attempt to configure them. Don't worry if it does not. Finally it will start Java to start the windows system. And as the screen says, please wait it can take a minute for it to start.
Enter your search domains. Note these are domains that will be appended to a dns search. For example if we did an nslookup foo, the resolver would look up foo.sun.com, because that is the domain we are in. We need to add other domains, in the example internal.sun.com, if we want to resolve names for that domain.
Note that if your server can't successfully do a DNS lookup for your host information you will be prompted to confirm your entries. If your entries are correct it is safe to proceed.
The full details of NFS are outside of the scope of the guide and details can be found here. Select Use the NFSv4 domain derived by the system.
A full discussion of file systems is out of scope of this guide. For now create a /swap with half the amount of RAM you have in the system, and put the rest of the disk space into / similar to the snap below.
When the install is finished the system will reboot. On the first boot it will need to build the service descriptors. Note it only does this on the first boot after an install and it can take a few minutes.
Always patch Solaris after installing! Here's how...
Download reco'd patch cluster from SunSolve (requires login & service contract)
In the SunSolve Patch Contents section, click Patches and Updates
In the Downloads section, click Patch Cluster & Patch Bundle Downloads
In the Solaris Patch Clusters section, expand Recommended Patch Clusters
Click the Download link for the appropriate cluster...
Solaris 10 SPARC Recommended Patch Cluster
Solaris 10 x86 Recommended Patch Cluster
Unzip & apply (SPARC):
unzip -qq 10_Recommended.zip
Unzip & apply (x86):
unzip -qq 10_x86_Recommended.zip
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