Message Driven Bean Migration from OC4J to WebLogic

Both OC4J
and WebLogic have a provider specific descriptor
that, in conjunction with the standard ejb-jar.xml descriptor,
integrates MDBs
with the container and provides inbound configuration that identifies
source destination and related information.  This source
destination may share the same instance as the MDB, be from a different
instance, or even a different JMS provider.    This
discussion will focus on the configuration approaches of OC4J and
WebLogic and offer what needs to be considered when migrating an
existing MDB deployed to OC4J to a WebLogic server.

OC4J and WebLogic MDB Configuration Approaches

Each OC4J JMS MDB endpoint is associated with a set of configuration
properties (referred to as ActivationSpec
These properties are typically set in the style="font-family: monospace;">orion-ejb-jar.xml, however,
the properties can also be set in the style="font-family: monospace;">ejb-jar.xml file if the JMS
connector is included in an application's .ear file.   The
syntax for each file is different.



name="simpleMdb" resource-adapter="tibcojms">






When using the
ejb-jar.xml file, the
properties are added to each
<message-driven> node, using the following syntax:













A complete listing of OC4J JMS ActivationSpec properties and their
usage can be found in href="">chapter
four of the OC4J Services Guide, fine tuning MDB endpoints.

For WebLogic, Message Driven Beans can be integrated into the server
through the use of the <message-driven-descriptor> stanza within
the weblogic-ejb-jar.xml















A complete description for developing MDBs in WebLogic can be found in
the href="">Design
Message-Driven Beans guide. href="">

MDB Migration Considerations

Resource References

It's very common for MDB applications to leverage resource references
for forwarding/response purposes.  Like OC4J, WebLogic provides an
element in its proprietary weblogic-ejb-jar.xml
to map a logical
resource reference to a JNDI location.   This element is named
<resource-description>.   class="046592623-09092009"> href="">Enhanced
Support for Using WebLogic JMS with EJBs and Servlets style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">steps through its usage step-by-step and
also describes how WebLogic automatically wraps and pools resource

XA Support

Both OC4J and WebLogic utilize the standard JEE style="font-family: monospace;">ejb-jar.xml descriptor
to identify if the inbound MDB participates in an XA

style="font-weight: bold;"> <transaction-type>Container</transaction-type>

style="font-weight: bold;"><trans-attribute>Required</trans-attribute>

Users must then specify a JMS connection factory that implements the XA
for the inbound MDB and for any connection factories configured as
resource-references used within the MDB.

Translating OC4J JMS MDB ActivationSpec Properties

Migrating the MDB involves understanding which ActivationSpec
properties are defined for the MDB in OC4J, then utilize the WebLogic
MDB descriptor elements to configure similar behavior.  
Furthermore, any ActivationSpec properties defined within the standard
ejb-jar.xml descriptor
should either be commented out or
removed.   WebLogic will not process OC4J specific

A listing of OC4J JMS MDB ActivationSpec properties and how they may be
translated to the descriptors for WebLogic's MDB implementation is a


style="vertical-align: top; font-weight: bold; background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204);">OC4J

ActivationSpec Property

style="vertical-align: top; font-weight: bold; background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204);">Purpose

style="vertical-align: top; font-weight: bold; background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204);">How
to define
in WebLogic


Destination Name,


MDB inbound configuration
including the JNDI names for the connection factory and destination and
the destination type.

The inbound JNDI names
for the MDB are configured as connection-factory-jndi-name
and destination-jndi-name elements
in the message-driven-subscription
section of weblogic-ejb-jar.xml.

The destination type is specified using the style="font-style: italic;">destination-type element in
the message-driven section of



Identifies if an MDB's
topic subscription is durable or non-durable and the subscription name.

The subscription
durability is configured as subscription-durability
element in the message-driven
section of ejb-jar.xml.  Subscription name can not be specified in

ClientID If set, connections used
by the inbound MDB connection will set this clientID
Set by the style="font-style: italic;">jms-client-id element in the style="font-style: italic;">message-driven section of style="font-style: italic;">weblogic-ejb-jar.xml.  
style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: "Times New Roman";">a style="font-style: italic;">generate-unique-jms-client-id element
in the same descriptor may be used in some cases.

Controls quality of
service for MDB's onMessage

style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: "Times New Roman";">Configured
as acknowledge-mode element
in the message-driven section
of the

Selector expression to
filter inbound messages

style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: "Times New Roman";">Configured
as message-selector element
in the message-driven section
of the



Specifies how to handle
problem messages (if they should be saved to an exception queue and in
what format)

WebLogic does not handle
problem messages on an MDB by MDB basis.   User needing such
features may consider configuring an error destination if the JMS
provider is WebLogic.

MaxDeliveryCnt The number of times an
MDB will attempt to process the same message before it is discarded.
WebLogic MDBs do not
supply this capability directly.

If the source destination is a WebLogic JMS destination, users can
configure a delivery limit in the JMS destination
configuration.    Also, if the source is a WebLogic JMS
destination you can configure redelivery delay.



Controls the maximum and
minimum number of receiver threads to create for the endpoint. 
(RecieverThreads was depricated in OC4J in favor of
is configured by the max-beans-in-free-pool
and dispatch-policy element values in the style="font-style: italic;">message-driven-descriptor
of weblogic-ejb-jar.xml.



Controls the throttling
of the number of MDB threads, how fast should they ramp up or down
(works in conjunction with MaxListenerThreads and MinListenerThreads).

style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: "Times New Roman";">No action
required.  WebLogic MDB thread throttling
is either automatic or is
delegated to the source JMS server's built in asynchronous consumer
depending on the use case

If endpoint can not be
processed, how long until it will be scheduled to be retried

The init-suspend-seconds
element Allows
an MDB to suspend it's JMS connection when the EJB container detects a
resource outage.

The max-suspend-seconds
element provides the maximum number of
seconds to
suspend an MDB's JMS connection when the EJB container detects a JMS

the jms-polling-interval-seconds element sets the number of
seconds between attempts by the
EJB container to
reconnect to a JMS destination that has become unavailable.


Allow a pre-defined
username/password to be specified for the MDB's JMS connection.

Users may utilize the JMS
Foreign Server (even for the local WebLogic JMS server) to specify
pre-defined username/passwords for the MDB's inbound connection.

a Security Identity for a Message-Driven Bean is another approach
available in WebLogic.

When the Destination is Remote

When a destination is remote, both WebLogic and OC4J require
further configuration.

OC4J requires that remote destinations and connection
factories be configured as part of a JMS Connector. 
The JMS connector will use an OC4J resource-provider to access a
foreign server's context.  The connector
includes entries in oc4j-connectors.xml to map foreign destinations and
resource adapter's oc4j-ra.xml descriptor for mapping connection
factories.   OC4J utilizes the same
Connector approach when accessing JMS objects for the local OC4J
instance's JMS
server objects.

For WebLogic, remote destinations are preferably accessed via
Foreign Server Context, Foreign Connection Factory, and Foreign
mappings that are configured in a JMS configuration system module. style="">

In WebLogic, a destination is known to be "local" to a
WebLogic MDB when the MDB and destination both run on the same server
cluster. In cases where the destination is deployed on a different
server or
cluster, it is referred to as a "remote" destination to the MDB. style="">  

A remote destination also includes those defined in the Oracle AQ JMS
provider and non-Oracle JMS providers..   Integrating AQ JMS
with WebLogic 10.3.1 is discussed in href="">Interoperating
with Oracle AQ JMS.   Information for integrating AQ JMS
with earlier WebLogic releases can be found in href="">AQ
- Weblogic JMS Connectivity using Weblogic JMS Bridge.  
Integrating WebLogic with non-Oracle providers is discussed in href="">Configuring
Foreign Server Resources to Access Third-Party JMS Providers

The nature of a destination--local versus remote--dictates to
some extent how the following key elements in the style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: "Courier New";">message-destination-descriptor
for the MDB in style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: "Courier New";">weblogic-ejb-jar.xml
are configured, as shown in the table below:


style="vertical-align: top; font-weight: bold; background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204);">Not
using Foreign Server (not the preferred method)

style="vertical-align: top; font-weight: bold; background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204);">Using
Foreign Server (preferred method)

style="vertical-align: top; font-weight: bold; background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204);">WebLogic
message-driven-description Attribute

style="vertical-align: top; font-weight: bold; background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204);">Value

style="vertical-align: top; font-weight: bold; background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204);">Destination
is Local

style="vertical-align: top; font-weight: bold; background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204);">Destination
is Remote


Do not specify

Specify remote/foreign

Do not specify
provider-url.  The URL is implicitly encoded in the Foreign Server


Do not specify

Specify the initial
context factory class name used by the JMS provider except when the
remote provider is WebLogic JMS, in which case, do not specify this
value (use the default)

do not specify


Specify the name bound in
the local JNDI tree for the destination

Specify the name of the
destination, as bound in the remote provider's JNDI tree

Specify the name of the
Foreign Destination you set up in your local JNDI tree that corresponds
to the remote or foreign destination.


Do not specify
connection-factory-jndi-name unless a custom connection factory is
configured to be used with the MDB.

Specify the name of the
connection fatory used by the JMS provider, as bound in the remote JNDI
tree, except when the remote provider is WebLogic JMS in which case it
is okay to use the default.

Specify the Foreign
Connection Factory you set up in your local JNDI tree that corresponds
to the remote JMS provider's connection factory.

For more information regarding WebLogic and MDB Integration


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