By Mike Dietrich-Oracle on Jun 28, 2012
Thanks to the great audience yesterday in the Upgrade & Migration Workshop in Utrecht. That was really fun and I was amazed by our new facilities (and the "wellness" lights surrounding the plenum room's walls).
And another reason why I like to do these workshops is that often I learn new things from you So credits here to Rick van Ek who has highlighted the following topic to me. Yesterday (and in some previous workshops) I did mention during the discussion about Fallback Strategies that you'll have to switch on Flashback Database beforehand to create a guaranteed restore point in case you'll encounter an issue during the database upgrade.
I knew that we've made it possible since Oracle Database 11.2 to switch Flashback Database on without taking the database into MOUNT status (you could switch it off anyway while the database is open before in all releases). But before Oracle Database 11.2 that did require MOUNT status.
SQL> create restore point rp1 guarantee flashback database ;
create restore point rp1 guarantee flashback database
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-38784: Cannot create restore point 'RP1'.
ORA-38787: Creating the first guaranteed restore point requires mount mode when
flashback database is off.
But Rick did mention that I won't need to switch Flashback Database On to create a guaranteed restore point. And he's right - in older releases I would have had to go into MOUNT state to define the restore point which meant to restart the database. But in 11.2 that's no necessary anymore. And the same will apply when you upgrade your pre-11.2 database (e.g. an Oracle Database 10.2.0.4) to Oracle Database 11.2.
As soon as you start your "old" not-yet-upgraded database in your 11.2 environment with STARTUP UPGRADE you can define a guaranteed restore point. If you tail the alert.log you'll see that the database will start the RVWR (Recovery Writer) background process - you'll just have to make sure that you'd define the values for db_recovery_file_dest_size and db_recovery_file_dest.
SQL> startup upgrade
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area 417546240 bytes
Fixed Size 2228944 bytes
Variable Size 134221104 bytes
Database Buffers 272629760 bytes
Redo Buffers 8466432 bytes
SQL> create restore point grpt guarantee flashback database;
Restore point created.
SQL> drop restore point grpt;
And don't forget to drop that restore point the sooner or later as it is guaranteed - and will fill up your Fast Recovery Area pretty quickly Just on the side: in any case archivelog mode is required if you'd like to work with restore points.