SPARC T5-4 Produces World Record Single Server TPC-H @3000GB Benchmark Result

Oracle's SPARC T5-4 server delivered world record single server performance of 409,721 QphH@3000GB with price/performance of $3.94/QphH@3000GB on the TPC-H @3000GB benchmark. This result shows that the 4-chip SPARC T5-4 server is significantly faster than the 8-chip server results from IBM (POWER7 based) and HP (Intel x86 based).

This result demonstrates a complete data warehouse solution that shows the performance both of individual and concurrent query processing streams, faster loading, and refresh of the data during business operations. The SPARC T5-4 server delivers superior performance and cost efficiency when compared to the IBM POWER7 result.

  • The SPARC T5-4 server with four SPARC T5 processors is 2.1 times faster than the IBM Power 780 server with eight POWER7 processors and 2.5 times faster than the HP ProLiant DL980 G7 server with eight x86 processors on the TPC-H @3000GB benchmark. The SPARC T5-4 server also delivered better performance per core than these eight processor systems from IBM and HP.

  • The SPARC T5-4 server with four SPARC T5 processors is 2.1 times faster than the IBM Power 780 server with eight POWER7 processors on the TPC-H @3000GB benchmark.

  • The SPARC T5-4 server costs 38% less per $/QphH@3000GB compared to the IBM Power 780 server with the TPC-H @3000GB benchmark.

  • The SPARC T5-4 server took 2 hours, 6 minutes, 4 seconds for data loading while the IBM Power 780 server took 2.8 times longer.

  • The SPARC T5-4 server executed the first refresh function (RF1) in 19.4 seconds, the IBM Power 780 server took 7.6 times longer.

  • The SPARC T5-4 server with four SPARC T5 processors is 2.5 times faster than the HP ProLiant DL980 G7 server with the same number of cores on the TPC-H @3000GB benchmark.

  • The SPARC T5-4 server took 2 hours, 6 minutes, 4 seconds for data loading while the HP ProLiant DL980 G7 server took 4.1 times longer.

  • The SPARC T5-4 server executed the first refresh function (RF1) in 19.4 seconds, the HP ProLiant DL980 G7 server took 8.9 times longer.

  • The SPARC T5-4 server delivered 6% better performance than the SPARC Enterprise M9000-64 server and 2.1 times better than the SPARC Enterprise M9000-32 server on the TPC-H @3000GB benchmark.

Performance Landscape

The table lists the leading TPC-H @3000GB results for non-clustered systems.

TPC-H @3000GB, Non-Clustered Systems
System
Processor
P/C/T – Memory
Composite
(QphH)
$/perf
($/QphH)
Power
(QppH)
Throughput
(QthH)
Database Available
SPARC T5-4
3.6 GHz SPARC T5
4/64/512 – 2048 GB
409,721.8 $3.94 345,762.7 485,512.1 Oracle 11g R2 09/24/13
SPARC Enterprise M9000
3.0 GHz SPARC64 VII+
64/256/256 – 1024 GB
386,478.3 $18.19 316,835.8 471,428.6 Oracle 11g R2 09/22/11
SPARC T4-4
3.0 GHz SPARC T4
4/32/256 – 1024 GB
205,792.0 $4.10 190,325.1 222,515.9 Oracle 11g R2 05/31/12
SPARC Enterprise M9000
2.88 GHz SPARC64 VII
32/128/256 – 512 GB
198,907.5 $15.27 182,350.7 216,967.7 Oracle 11g R2 12/09/10
IBM Power 780
4.1 GHz POWER7
8/32/128 – 1024 GB
192,001.1 $6.37 210,368.4 175,237.4 Sybase 15.4 11/30/11
HP ProLiant DL980 G7
2.27 GHz Intel Xeon X7560
8/64/128 – 512 GB
162,601.7 $2.68 185,297.7 142,685.6 SQL Server 2008 10/13/10

P/C/T = Processors, Cores, Threads
QphH = the Composite Metric (bigger is better)
$/QphH = the Price/Performance metric in USD (smaller is better)
QppH = the Power Numerical Quantity
QthH = the Throughput Numerical Quantity

The following table lists data load times and refresh function times during the power run.

TPC-H @3000GB, Non-Clustered Systems
Database Load & Database Refresh
System
Processor
Data Loading
(h:m:s)
T5
Advan
RF1
(sec)
T5
Advan
RF2
(sec)
T5
Advan
SPARC T5-4
3.6 GHz SPARC T5
02:06:04 1.0x 19.4 1.0x 22.4 1.0x
IBM Power 780
4.1 GHz POWER7
05:51:50 2.8x 147.3 7.6x 133.2 5.9x
HP ProLiant DL980 G7
2.27 GHz Intel Xeon X7560
08:35:17 4.1x 173.0 8.9x 126.3 5.6x

Data Loading = database load time
RF1 = power test first refresh transaction
RF2 = power test second refresh transaction
T5 Advan = the ratio of time to T5 time

Complete benchmark results found at the TPC benchmark website http://www.tpc.org.

Configuration Summary and Results

Hardware Configuration:

SPARC T5-4 server
4 x SPARC T5 processors (3.6 GHz total of 64 cores, 512 threads)
2 TB memory
2 x internal SAS (2 x 300 GB) disk drives

External Storage:

12 x Sun Storage 2540-M2 array with Sun Storage 2501-M2 expansion trays, each with
24 x 15K RPM 300 GB drives, 2 controllers, 2 GB cache
2 x Brocade 6510 Fibre Channel Switches (48 x 16 Gbs port each)

Software Configuration:

Oracle Solaris 11.1
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 Enterprise Edition

Audited Results:

Database Size: 3000 GB (Scale Factor 3000)
TPC-H Composite: 409,721.8 QphH@3000GB
Price/performance: $3.94/QphH@3000GB
Available: 09/24/2013
Total 3 year Cost: $1,610,564
TPC-H Power: 345,762.7
TPC-H Throughput: 485,512.1
Database Load Time: 2:06:04

Benchmark Description

The TPC-H benchmark is a performance benchmark established by the Transaction Processing Council (TPC) to demonstrate Data Warehousing/Decision Support Systems (DSS). TPC-H measurements are produced for customers to evaluate the performance of various DSS systems. These queries and updates are executed against a standard database under controlled conditions. Performance projections and comparisons between different TPC-H Database sizes (100GB, 300GB, 1000GB, 3000GB, 10000GB, 30000GB and 100000GB) are not allowed by the TPC.

TPC-H is a data warehousing-oriented, non-industry-specific benchmark that consists of a large number of complex queries typical of decision support applications. It also includes some insert and delete activity that is intended to simulate loading and purging data from a warehouse. TPC-H measures the combined performance of a particular database manager on a specific computer system.

The main performance metric reported by TPC-H is called the TPC-H Composite Query-per-Hour Performance Metric (QphH@SF, where SF is the number of GB of raw data, referred to as the scale factor). QphH@SF is intended to summarize the ability of the system to process queries in both single and multiple user modes. The benchmark requires reporting of price/performance, which is the ratio of the total HW/SW cost plus 3 years maintenance to the QphH. A secondary metric is the storage efficiency, which is the ratio of total configured disk space in GB to the scale factor.

Key Points and Best Practices

  • Twelve of Oracle's Sun Storage 2540-M2 arrays with Sun Storage 2501-M2 expansion trays were used for the benchmark. Each contains 24 15K RPM drives and is connected to a single dual port 16Gb FC HBA using 2 ports through a Brocade 6510 Fibre Channel switch.

  • The SPARC T5-4 server achieved a peak IO rate of 33 GB/sec from the Oracle database configured with this storage.

  • Oracle Solaris 11.1 required very little system tuning.

  • Some vendors try to make the point that storage ratios are of customer concern. However, storage ratio size has more to do with disk layout and the increasing capacities of disks – so this is not an important metric when comparing systems.

  • The SPARC T5-4 server and Oracle Solaris efficiently managed the system load of two thousand Oracle Database parallel processes.

  • Six Sun Storage 2540-M2/2501-M2 arrays were mirrored to another six Sun Storage 2540-M2/25001-M2 arrays on which all of the Oracle database files were placed. IO performance was high and balanced across all the arrays.

  • The TPC-H Refresh Function (RF) simulates periodical refresh portion of Data Warehouse by adding new sales and deleting old sales data. Parallel DML (parallel insert and delete in this case) and database log performance are a key for this function and the SPARC T5-4 server outperformed both the IBM POWER7 server and HP ProLiant DL980 G7 server. (See the RF columns above.)

See Also

Disclosure Statement

TPC-H, QphH, $/QphH are trademarks of Transaction Processing Performance Council (TPC). For more information, see www.tpc.org, results as of 6/7/13. Prices are in USD. SPARC T5-4 www.tpc.org/3288; SPARC T4-4 www.tpc.org/3278; SPARC Enterprise M9000 www.tpc.org/3262; SPARC Enterprise M9000 www.tpc.org/3258; IBM Power 780 www.tpc.org/3277; HP ProLiant DL980 www.tpc.org/3285. 
Comments:

Could you, please, clarify how SPARC $3.94/QphH is better than HP $2.68/QphH?
Am I missing something?

Posted by Carlos Azevedo on June 13, 2013 at 11:48 AM PDT #

Thank you for your comment. The HP solution is more cost effective if you can live with only being able to deliver that amount of performance. But if all you care about is the price/performance, you might as well take the risk of one of the cluster solutions that are even cheaper (as a function of price/performance).

So if you need more than 200,000 QphH in performance, the SPARC T5-4 is the most cost effective for single systems. Maybe HP can rerun with recent hardware to see what is possible?

Posted by guest on June 13, 2013 at 12:53 PM PDT #

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BestPerf is the source of Oracle performance expertise. In this blog, Oracle's Strategic Applications Engineering group explores Oracle's performance results and shares best practices learned from working on Enterprise-wide Applications.

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